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Kama Sutra




http://www.kamasutraebook.com/ [8/4/2003 1:09:44 ]
The Kama Sutra of Vatsayayana




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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
CONTENT
- Introduction


q PART I:
TRANSLATOR'S NOTES
INTRODUCTORY
q Preface
- Chapter I
- Chapter II q Introduction
- Chapter III
MODERN KAMA SUTRA INTERPRETATION
- Chapter IV
q Over 40 sexual positions with images and detailed explanations
- Chapter V
PART I: INTRODUCTORY
q Preface
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
q Observations on the three worldly attainments of Virtue, Wealth, and Love
UNION
q On the study of the Sixty-four Arts
- Chapter I
q On the Arrangements of a House, and Household Furniture; and about the
- Chapter II
- Chapter III Daily Life of a Citizen, his Companions, Amusements, etc.
- Chapter IV
q About classes of Women fit and unfit for Congress with the Citizen, and of
- Chapter V
Friends, and Messengers
- Chapter VI
PART II: ON SEXUAL UNION
- Chapter VII
q Kinds of Union according to Dimensions, Force of Desire, and Time; and on
- Chapter VIII
the different kinds of Love
- Chapter IX
- Chapter X q Of the Embrace

q On Kissing

q On Pressing or Marking with the Nails
q PART III: ABOUT THE
ACQUISITION OF A
q On Biting, and the ways of Love to be employed with regard to Women of
WIFE
different countries
- Chapter I
q On the various ways of Lying down, and the different kinds of Congress
- Chapter II
- Chapter III q On the various ways of Striking, and of the Sounds appropriate to them
- Chapter IV
q About females acting the part of Males
- Chapter V
q On holding the Lingam in the Mouth

q How to begin and how to end the Congress. Different kinds of Congress, and
q PART IV: ABOUT A
Love Quarrels
WIFE
PART III: ABOUT THE ACQUISITION OF A WIFE
- Chapter I
q Observations on Betrothal and Marriage
- Chapter II
q About creating Confidence in the Girl

q Courtship, and the manifestation of the feelings by outward signs and deeds
q PART V: ABOUT THE
WIVES OF OTHER
q On things to be done only by the Man, and the acquisition of the Girl thereby.
PEOPLE
Also what is to be done by a Girl to gain over a Man and subject him to her
- Chapter I
q On the different Forms of Marriage
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV | previous | content | next |
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VI: ABOUT
COURTESANS
- Introductory Remarks -
Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


http://www.kamasutraebook.com/content.html (1 of 2) [8/4/2003 1:09:46 ]
Kama Sutra




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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
TRANSLATOR' S NOTES
- Introduction
Preface
q PART I:
INTRODUCTORY
In the literature of all countries there will be found a certain number of works
- Chapter I
treating especially of love. Everywhere the subject is dealt with differently, and
- Chapter II
from various points of view. In the present publication it is proposed to give a
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV complete translation of what is considered the standard work on love in Sanscrit
- Chapter V literature, and which is called the `Vatsyayana Kama Sutra', or Aphorisms on
Love, by Vatsyayana. While the introduction will deal with the evidence
concerning the date of the writing, and the commentaries written upon it, the
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
chapters following the introduction will give a translation of the work itself. It is,
UNION
- Chapter I however, advisable to furnish here a brief analysis of works of the same nature,
- Chapter II prepared by authors who lived and wrote years after Vatsyayana had passed
- Chapter III away, but who still considered him as the great authority, and always quoted
- Chapter IV him as the chief guide to Hindoo erotic literature.
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI
Besides the treatise of Vatsyayana the following works on the same subject are
- Chapter VII
procurable in India:
- Chapter VIII
- Chapter IX
The Ratirahasya, or secrets of love
- Chapter X
The Panchasakya, or the five arrows
The Smara Pradipa, or the light of love
q PART III: ABOUT THE
The Ratimanjari, or the garland of love
ACQUISITION OF A
WIFE The Rasmanjari, or the sprout of love
- Chapter I The Anunga Runga, or the stage of love; also called Kamaledhiplava, or a boat
- Chapter II
in the ocean of love.
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
The author of the `Secrets of Love' was a poet named Kukkoka. He composed
- Chapter V
his work to please one Venudutta, who was perhaps a king. When writing his
own name at the end of each chapter he calls himself `Siddha patiya pandita',
q PART IV: ABOUT A
i.e. an ingenious man among learned men. The work was translated into Hindi
WIFE
years ago, and in this the author's name was written as Koka. And as the same
- Chapter I
name crept into all the translations into other languages in India, the book
- Chapter II
became generally known, and the subject was popularly called Koka Shastra, or
doctrines of Koka, which is identical with the Kama Shastra, or doctrines of
q PART V: ABOUT THE
love, and the words Koka Shastra and Kama Shastra are used indiscriminately.
WIVES OF OTHER
PEOPLE
- Chapter I
The work contains nearly eight hundred verses, and is divided into ten
- Chapter II
chapters, which are called Pachivedas. Some of the things treated of in this
- Chapter III
work are not to be found in the Vatsyayana, such as the four classes of women,
- Chapter IV
the Padmini, Chitrini, Shankini and Hastini, as also the enumeration of the days
- Chapter V
and hours on which the women of the different classes become subject to love,
- Chapter VI
The author adds that he wrote these things from the opinions of Gonikaputra
and Nandikeshwara, both of whom are mentioned by Vatsyayana, but their
q PART VI: ABOUT works are not now extant. It is difficult to give any approximate idea as to the
COURTESANS
year in which the work was composed. It is only to be presumed that it was
- Introductory Remarks -
written after that of Vatsyayana, and previous to the other works on this
Chapter I
subject that are still extant. Vatsyayana gives the names of ten authors on the
- Chapter II
subject, all of whose works he had consulted, but none of which are extant, and
- Chapter III
does not mention this one. This would tend to show that Kukkoka wrote after
- Chapter IV
Vatsya, otherwise Vatsya would assuredly have mentioned him as an author in
- Chapter V
this branch of literature along with the others.
- Chapter VI


q PART VII: ON THE
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MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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Kama Sutra




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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
TRANSLATOR' S NOTES
- Introduction
Introduction
q PART I:
INTRODUCTORY
It may be interesting to some persons to learn how it came about that
- Chapter I
Vatsyayana was first brought to light and translated into the English language.
- Chapter II
It happened thus. While translating with the pundits the `Anunga Runga, or the
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV stage of love', reference was frequently found to be made to one Vatsya. The
- Chapter V sage Vatsya was of this opinion, or of that opinion. The sage Vatsya said this,
and so on. Naturally questions were asked who the sage was, and the pundits
replied that Vatsya was the author of the standard work on love in Sanscrit
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
literature, that no Sanscrit library was complete without his work, and that it
UNION
- Chapter I was most difficult now to obtain in its entire state. The copy of the manuscript
- Chapter II obtained in Bombay was defective, and so the pundits wrote to Benares,
- Chapter III Calcutta and Jeypoor for copies of the manuscript from Sanscrit libraries in
- Chapter IV those places. Copies having been obtained, they were then compared with each
- Chapter V other, and with the aid of a Commentary called `Jayamangla' a revised copy of
- Chapter VI
the entire manuscript was prepared, and from this copy the English translation
- Chapter VII
was made. The following is the certificate of the chief pundit:
- Chapter VIII
- Chapter IX
`The accompanying manuscript is corrected by me after comparing four
- Chapter X
different copies of the work. I had the assistance of a Commentary called
"Jayamangla" for correcting the portion in the first five parts, but found great
q PART III: ABOUT THE
difficulty in correcting the remaining portion, because, with the exception of one
ACQUISITION OF A
copy thereof which was tolerably correct, all the other copies I had were far too
WIFE
incorrect. However, I took that portion as correct in which the majority of the
- Chapter I
copies agreed with each other.'
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
The `Aphorisms on Love' by Vatsyayana contain about one thousand two
- Chapter V
hundred and fifty slokas or verses, and are divided into parts, parts into
chapters, and chapters into paragraphs. The whole consists of seven parts,
q PART IV: ABOUT A thirty-six chapters, and sixty-four paragraphs. Hardly anything is known about
WIFE the author. His real name is supposed to be Mallinaga or Mrillana, Vatsyayana
- Chapter I
being his family name. At the close of the work this is what he writes about
- Chapter II
himself:

q PART V: ABOUT THE
`After reading and considering the works of Babhravya and other ancient
WIVES OF OTHER
authors, and thinking over the meaning of the rules given by them, this treatise
PEOPLE
was composed, according to the precepts of the Holy Writ, for the benefit of the
- Chapter I
world, by Vatsyayana, while leading the life of a religious student at Benares,
- Chapter II
and wholly engaged in the contemplation of the Deity. This work is not to be
- Chapter III
used merely as an instrument for satisfying our desires. A person acquainted
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V with the true principles of this science, who preserves his Dharma (virtue or
- Chapter VI religious merit), his Artha (worldly wealth) and his Kama (pleasure or sensual
gratification), and who has regard to the customs of the people, is sure to
obtain the mastery over his senses. In short, an intelligent and knowing person
q PART VI: ABOUT
attending to Dharma and Artha and also to Kama, without becoming the slave
COURTESANS
- Introductory Remarks - of his passions, will obtain success in everything that he may do.'
Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
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- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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Kama Sutra




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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART I
- Introduction
CHAPTER I
Preface
PART I:
q
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
Salutation to Dharma, Artha and Kama
- Chapter II
In the beginning, the Lord of Beings created men and women, and in the form
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV of commandments in one hundred thousand chapters laid down rules for
- Chapter V regulating their existence with regard to Dharma,(1) Artha,(2) and Kama.(3)
Some of these commandments, namely those which treated of Dharma, were
separately written by Swayambhu Manu; those that related to Artha were
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
UNION compiled by Brihaspati; and those that referred to Kama were expounded by
- Chapter I
Nandi, the follower of Mahadeva, in one thousand chapters.
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
Now these `Kama Sutra' (Aphorisms on Love), written by Nandi in one
- Chapter IV
thousand chapters, were reproduced by Shvetaketu, the son of Uddvalaka, in
- Chapter V
an abbreviated form in five hundred chapters, and this work was again similarly
- Chapter VI
reproduced in an abridged form, in one hundred and fifty chapters, by
- Chapter VII
Babhravya, an inheritant of the Punchala (South of Delhi) country. These one
- Chapter VIII
hundred and fifty chapters were then put together under seven heads or parts
- Chapter IX
named severally
- Chapter X


Sadharana (general topics)
q PART III: ABOUT THE
Samprayogika (embraces, etc.)
ACQUISITION OF A
WIFE Kanya Samprayuktaka (union of males and females)
- Chapter I
Bharyadhikarika (on one's own wife)
- Chapter II
Paradika (on the wives of other people)
- Chapter III
Vaisika (on courtesans)
- Chapter IV
Aupamishadika (on the arts of seduction, tonic medicines, etc.)
- Chapter V

The sixth part of this last work was separately expounded by Dattaka at the
PART IV: ABOUT A
q
request of the public women of Pataliputra (Patna), and in the same way
WIFE
Charayana explained the first part of it. The remaining parts, viz. the second,
- Chapter I
third, fourth, fifth, and seventh, were each separately expounded by
- Chapter II
Suvarnanabha (second part)
Ghotakamukha (third part)
q PART V: ABOUT THE
Gonardiya (fourth part)
WIVES OF OTHER
Gonikaputra (fifth part)
PEOPLE
- Chapter I Kuchumara (seventh part), respectively.
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
Thus the work being written in parts by different authors was almost
- Chapter IV
unobtainable and, as the parts which were expounded by Dattaka and the
- Chapter V
others treated only of the particular branches of the subject to which each part
- Chapter VI
related, and moreover as the original work of Babhravya was difficult to be
mastered on account of its length, Vatsyayana, therefore, composed his work in
q PART VI: ABOUT
a small volume as an abstract of the whole of the works of the above named
COURTESANS
authors.
- Introductory Remarks -
Chapter I
- Chapter II
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- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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Kama Sutra




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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART I
- Introduction
CHAPTER II
Observations on the three worldly attainments of Virtue, Wealth, and
q PART I:
Love
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
Man, the period of whose life is one hundred years, should practise Dharma,
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV Artha and Kama at different times and in such a manner that they may
- Chapter V harmonize together and not clash in any way. He should acquire learning in his
childhood, in his youth and middle age he should attend to Artha and Kama,
and in his old age he should perform Dharma, and thus seek to gain Moksha,
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
i.e. release from further transmigration. Or, on account of the uncertainty of
UNION
- Chapter I life, he may practise them at times when they are enjoined to be practised. But
- Chapter II one thing is to be noted, he should lead the life of a religious student until he
- Chapter III finishes his education.
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
Dharma is obedience to the command of the Shastra or Holy Writ of the
- Chapter VI
Hindoos to do certain things, such as the performance of sacrifices, which are
- Chapter VII
not generally done, because they do not belong to this world, and produce no
- Chapter VIII
visible effect; and not to do other things, such as eating meat, which is often
- Chapter IX
done because it belongs to this world, and has visible effects.
- Chapter X


Dharma should be learnt from the Shruti (Holy Writ), and from those
PART III: ABOUT THE
q
conversant with it.
ACQUISITION OF A
WIFE
- Chapter I
Artha is the acquisition of arts, land, gold, cattle, wealth, equipages and friends.
- Chapter II
It is, further, the protection of what is acquired, and the increase of what is
- Chapter III
protected.
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
Artha should be learnt from the king's officers, and from merchants who may
be versed in the ways of commerce.
q PART IV: ABOUT A
WIFE
- Chapter I
Kama is the enjoyment of appropriate objects by the five senses of hearing,
- Chapter II
feeling, seeing, tasting and smelling, assisted by the mind together with the
soul. The ingredient in this is a peculiar contact between the organ of sense and
q PART V: ABOUT THE its object, and the consciousness of pleasure which arises from that contact is
WIVES OF OTHER called Kama.
PEOPLE
- Chapter I
Kama is to be learnt from the Kama Sutra (aphorisms on love) and from the
- Chapter II
practice of citizens.
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
When all the three, viz. Dharma, Artha and Kama, come together, the former is
- Chapter VI
better than the one which follows it, i.e. Dharma is better than Artha, and Artha
is better than Kama. But Artha should always be first practised by the king for
q PART VI: ABOUT the livelihood of men is to be obtained from it only. Again, Kama being the
COURTESANS occupation of public women, they should prefer it to the other two, and these
- Introductory Remarks -
are exceptions to the general rule.
Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
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- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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Kama Sutra




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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART I
- Introduction
CHAPTER III
On the arts and sciences to be studied
q PART I:
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
Man should study the Kama Sutra and the arts and sciences subordinate
- Chapter II
thereto, in addition to the study of the arts and sciences contained in Dharma
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV and Artha. Even young maids should study this Kama Sutra along with its arts
- Chapter V and sciences before marriage, and after it they should continue to do so with
the consent of their husbands.
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
UNION
Here some learned men object, and say that females, not being allowed to
- Chapter I
study any science, should not study the Kama Sutra.
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
But Vatsyayana is of opinion that this objection does not hold good, for women
- Chapter IV
already know the practice of Kama Sutra, and that practice is derived from the
- Chapter V
Kama Shastra, or the science of Kama itself. Moreover, it is not only in this but
- Chapter VI
in many other cases that, though the practice of a science is known to all, only
- Chapter VII
a few persons are acquainted with the rules and laws on which the science is
- Chapter VIII
based. Thus the Yadnikas or sacrificers, though ignorant of grammar, make use
- Chapter IX
of appropriate words when addressing the different Deities, and do not know
- Chapter X
how these words are framed. Again, persons do the duties required of them on
auspicious days, which are fixed by astrology, though they are not acquainted
q PART III: ABOUT THE
with the science of astrology. In a like manner riders of horses and elephants
ACQUISITION OF A
WIFE train these animals without knowing the science of training animals, but from
- Chapter I practice only. And similarly the people of the most distant provinces obey the
- Chapter II
laws of the kingdom from practice, and because there is a king over them, and
- Chapter III
without further reason.1 And from experience we find that some women, such
- Chapter IV
as daughters of princes and their ministers, and public women, are actually
- Chapter V
versed in the Kama Shastra.

q PART IV: ABOUT A
A female, therefore, should learn the Kama Shastra, or at least a part of it, by
WIFE
studying its practice from some confidential friend. She should study alone in
- Chapter I
private the sixty-four practices that form a part of the Kama Shastra. Her
- Chapter II
teacher should be one of the following persons: the daughter of a nurse brought
up with her and already married,2 or a female friend who can be trusted in
q PART V: ABOUT THE
everything, or the sister of her mother (i.e. her aunt), or an old female servant,
WIVES OF OTHER
or a female beggar who may have formerly lived in the family, or her own sister
PEOPLE
who can always be trusted.
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
The following are the arts to be studied, together with the Kama Sutra:
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
Singing
- Chapter VI q

Playing on musical instruments
q

Dancing
q
PART VI: ABOUT
q
COURTESANS
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- Introductory Remarks -
Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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Kama Sutra




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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART I
- Introduction
CHAPTER VI
The life of a citizen
PART I:
q
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
Having thus acquired learning, a man, with the wealth that he may have gained
- Chapter II
by gift, conquest, purchase, deposit,1 or inheritance from his ancestors, should
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV become a householder, and pass the life of a citizen.2 He should take a house
- Chapter V in a city, or large village, or in the vicinity of good men, or in a place which is
the resort of many persons. This abode should be situated near some water,
and divided into different compartments for different purposes. It should be
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
surrounded by a garden, and also contain two rooms, an outer and an inner
UNION
- Chapter I one. The inner room should be occupied by the females, while the outer room,
- Chapter II balmy with rich perfumes, should contain a bed, soft, agreeable to the sight,
- Chapter III covered with a clean white cloth, low in the middle part, having garlands and
- Chapter IV bunches of flowers3 upon it, and a canopy above it, and two pillows, one at the
- Chapter V top, another at the bottom. There should be also a sort of couch besides, and at
- Chapter VI
the head of this a sort of stool, on which should be placed the fragrant
- Chapter VII
ointments for the night, as well as flowers, pots containing collyrium and other
- Chapter VIII
fragrant substances, things used for perfuming the mouth, and the bark of the
- Chapter IX
common citron tree. Near the couch, on the ground, there should be a pot for
- Chapter X
spitting, a box containing ornaments, and also a lute hanging from a peg made
of the tooth of an elephant, a board for drawing, a pot containing perfume,
q PART III: ABOUT THE some books, and some garlands of the yellow amaranth flowers. Not far from
ACQUISITION OF A
the couch, and on the ground, there should be a round seat, a toy cart, and a
WIFE
board for playing with dice; outside the outer room there should be cages of
- Chapter I
birds,4 and a separate place for spinning, carving and such like diversions. In
- Chapter II
the garden there should be a whirling swing and a common swing, as also a
- Chapter III
bower of creepers covered with flowers, in which a raised parterre should be
- Chapter IV
made for sitting.
- Chapter V


Now the householder, having got up in the morning and performed his
q PART IV: ABOUT A
necessary duties,5 should wash his teeth, apply a limited quantity of ointments
WIFE
- Chapter I and perfumes to his body, put some ornaments on his person and collyrium on
- Chapter II his eyelids and below his eyes, colour his lips with alacktaka,6 and look at
himself in the glass. Having then eaten betel leaves, with other things that give
fragrance to the mouth, he should perform his usual business. He should bathe
q PART V: ABOUT THE
daily, anoint his body with oil every other day, apply a lathering substance7 to
WIVES OF OTHER
PEOPLE his body every three days, get his head (including face) shaved every four days
- Chapter I
and the other parts of his body every five or ten days.8 All these things should
- Chapter II
be done without fail, and the sweat of the armpits should also be removed.
- Chapter III
Meals should be taken in the forenoon, in the afternoon, and again at night,
- Chapter IV
according to Charayana. After breakfast, parrots and other birds should be
- Chapter V
taught to speak, and the fighting of cocks, quails, and rams should follow. A
- Chapter VI
limited time should be devoted to diversions with Pithamardas, Vitas, and
Vidushakas,9 and then should be taken the midday sleep.10 After this the
q PART VI: ABOUT householder, having put on his clothes and ornaments, should, during the
COURTESANS
afternoon, converse with his friends. In the evening there should be singing,
- Introductory Remarks -
and after that the householder, along with his friend, should await in his room,
Chapter I
previously decorated and perfumed, the arrival of the woman that may be
- Chapter II
attached to him, or he may send a female messenger for her, or go for her
- Chapter III
himself. After her arrival at his house, he and his friend should welcome her,
- Chapter IV
and entertain her with a loving and agreeable conversation. Thus end the duties
- Chapter V
of the day.
- Chapter VI


q PART VII: ON THE
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MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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Kama Sutra




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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART I
- Introduction
CHAPTER V
About the kinds of women resorted to by the citizens, and of friends
q PART I:
and messengers
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
When Kama is practised by men of the four castes according to the rules of the
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV Holy Writ (i.e. by lawful marriage) with virgins of their own caste, it then
- Chapter V becomes a means of acquiring lawful progeny and good fame, and it is not also
opposed to the customs of the world. On the contrary the practice of Kama with
women of the higher castes, and with those previously enjoyed by others, even
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
though they be of the same caste, is prohibited. But the practice of Kama with
UNION
- Chapter I women of the lower castes, with women excommunicated from their own caste,
- Chapter II with public women, and with women twice married,1 is neither enjoined nor
- Chapter III prohibited. The object of practising Kama with such women is pleasure only.
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
Nayikas,2 therefore, are of three kinds, viz. maids, women twice married, and
- Chapter VI
public women. Gonikaputra has expressed an opinion that there is a fourth kind
- Chapter VII
of Nayika, viz. a woman who is resorted to on some special occasion even
- Chapter VIII
though she be previously married to another. These special occasions are when
- Chapter IX
a man thinks thus:
- Chapter X


This woman is self-willed, and has been previously enjoyed by many others
PART III: ABOUT THE
q
besides myself. I may, therefore, safely resort to her as to a public woman
ACQUISITION OF A
WIFE though she belongs to a higher caste than mine, and, in so doing, I shall not be
- Chapter I violating the ordinances of Dharma.
- Chapter II
Or thus:
- Chapter III
This is a twice-married woman and has been enjoyed by others before me;
- Chapter IV
there is, therefore, no objection to my resorting to her.
- Chapter V
Or thus:
This woman has gained the heart of her great and powerful husband, and
q PART IV: ABOUT A exercises a mastery over him, who is a friend of my enemy; if, therefore, she
WIFE becomes united with me she will cause her husband to abandon my enemy.
- Chapter I
Or thus:
- Chapter II
This woman will turn the mind of her husband, who is very powerful, in my
favour, he being at present disaffected towards me, and intent on doing me
q PART V: ABOUT THE some harm.
WIVES OF OTHER
Or thus:
PEOPLE
By making this woman my friend I shall gain the object of some friend of mine,
- Chapter I
or shall be able to effect the ruin of some enemy, or shall accomplish some
- Chapter II
other difficult purpose.
- Chapter III
Or thus:
- Chapter IV
By being united with this woman, I shall kill her husband, and so obtain his vast
- Chapter V
riches which I covet.
- Chapter VI


q PART VI: ABOUT
| previous | content | next |
COURTESANS
- Introductory Remarks -
Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART II
- Introduction
CHAPTER I
Kinds of sexual union according to dimensions, force of desire or
q PART I:
passion, time
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
Kind of Union
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV Man is divided into three classes, viz. the hare man, the bull man, and the
- Chapter V horse man, according to the size of his lingam.

q PART II: ON SEXUAL Woman also, according to the depth of her yoni, is either a female deer, a
UNION
mare, or a female elephant.
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI
- Chapter VII
- Chapter VIII
- Chapter IX
- Chapter X


q PART III: ABOUT THE
ACQUISITION OF A
WIFE
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V


q PART IV: ABOUT A
WIFE
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


q PART V: ABOUT THE
WIVES OF OTHER
PEOPLE
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VI: ABOUT
COURTESANS
- Introductory Remarks - | previous | content | next |
Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART II
- Introduction
CHAPTER II
Of the embrace
PART I:
q
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
This part of the Kama Shastra, which treats of sexual union, is also called `Sixty-
- Chapter II
four' (Chatushshashti). Some old authors say that it is called so, because it
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV contains sixty-four chapters. Others are of opinion that the author of this part
- Chapter V being a person named Panchala, and the person who recited the part of the Rig
Veda called Dashatapa, which contains sixty-four verses, being also called
Panchala, the name `sixty-four' has been given to the part of the work in honour
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
of the Rig Vedas. The followers of Babhravya say on the other hand that this part
UNION
- Chapter I contains eight subjects, viz. the embrace, kissing, scratching with the nails or
- Chapter II fingers, biting, lying down, making various sounds, playing the part of a man,
- Chapter III and the Auparishtaka, or mouth congress. Each of these subjects being of eight
- Chapter IV kinds, and eight multiplied by eight being sixty-four, this part is therefore named
- Chapter V `sixty-four'. But Vatsyayana affirms that as this part contains also the following
- Chapter VI
subjects, viz. striking, crying, the acts of a man during congress, the various
- Chapter VII
kinds of congress, and other subjects, the name `sixty-four' is given to it only
- Chapter VIII
accidentally. As, for instance, we say this tree is `Saptaparna', or seven-leaved,
- Chapter IX
this offering of rice is `Panchavarna', or five-coloured, but the tree has not seven
- Chapter X
leaves, neither has the rice five colours.

q PART III: ABOUT THE
However the part sixty-four is now treated of, and the embrace, being the first
ACQUISITION OF A
subject, will now be considered.
WIFE
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
Now the embrace which indicates the mutual love of a man and woman who
- Chapter III
have come together is of four kinds:
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
Touching
q

Rubbing
q
PART IV: ABOUT A
q
Piercing
q
WIFE
Pressing
- Chapter I q

- Chapter II
The action in each case is denoted by the meaning of the word which stands for
it.
PART V: ABOUT THE
q
When a man under some pretext or other goes in front or alongside of a woman
WIVES OF OTHER
PEOPLE and touches her body with his own, it is called the `touching embrace'.
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VI: ABOUT
COURTESANS
- Introductory Remarks -
Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


q CONCLUDING

REMARKS


MODERN KAMA
q

SUTRA



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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART II
- Introduction
CHAPTER III
On kissing
PART I:
q
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
It is said by some that there is no fixed time or order between the embrace,
- Chapter II
the kiss, and the pressing or scratching with the nails or fingers, but that all
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV these things should be done generally before sexual union takes place, while
- Chapter V striking and making the various sounds generally takes place at the time of the
union. Vatsyayana, however, thinks that anything may take place at any time,
for love does not care for time or order.
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
UNION
- Chapter I
On the occasion of the first congress, kissing and the other things mentioned
- Chapter II
above should be done moderately, they should not be continued for a long
- Chapter III
time, and should be done alternately. On subsequent occasions, however, the
- Chapter IV
reverse of all this may take place, and moderation will not be necessary, they
- Chapter V
may continue for a long time, and, for the purpose of kindling love, they may
- Chapter VI
be all done at the same time.
- Chapter VII
- Chapter VIII
- Chapter IX
- Chapter X


q PART III: ABOUT THE
ACQUISITION OF A
WIFE
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V


q PART IV: ABOUT A
WIFE
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


q PART V: ABOUT THE
WIVES OF OTHER
PEOPLE
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VI: ABOUT
COURTESANS
- Introductory Remarks -
Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI
| previous | content | next |

q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART II
- Introduction
CHAPTER IV
On pressing, or marking, or scratching with nails
q PART I:
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
When love becomes intense, pressing with the nails or scratching the body with
- Chapter II
them is practised, and it is done on the following occasions: on the first visit; at
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV the time of setting out on a journey; on the return from a journey; at the time
- Chapter V when an angry lover is reconciled; and lastly when the woman is intoxicated.

q PART II: ON SEXUAL But pressing with the nails is not a usual thing except with those who are
UNION
intensely passionate, i.e. full of passion. It is employed, together with biting, by
- Chapter I
those to whom the practice is agreeable.
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI
- Chapter VII
- Chapter VIII
- Chapter IX
- Chapter X


q PART III: ABOUT THE
ACQUISITION OF A
WIFE
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V


q PART IV: ABOUT A
WIFE
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


q PART V: ABOUT THE
WIVES OF OTHER
PEOPLE
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VI: ABOUT
COURTESANS
- Introductory Remarks -
Chapter I | previous | content | next |
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART II
- Introduction
CHAPTER V
On biting, and the means to be employed with regard to women og
PART I:
different countries
q
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
All the places that can be kissed are also the places that can be bitten, except
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV the upper lip, the interior of the mouth, and the eyes. The qualities of good teeth
- Chapter V are as follows: They should be equal, possessed of a pleasing brightness,
capable of being coloured, of proper proportions, unbroken, and with sharp ends.
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
UNION
The defects of teeth on the other hand are that they are blunt, protruding from
- Chapter I
the gums, rough, soft, large, and loosely set.
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
The following are the different kinds of biting:
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI The hidden bite
q
- Chapter VII
The swollen bite
q
- Chapter VIII
The point
q
- Chapter IX
The line of points
q
- Chapter X
The coral and the jewel
q

The line of jewels
q
PART III: ABOUT THE The broken cloud
q q
ACQUISITION OF A The biting of the boar
q
WIFE
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V


q PART IV: ABOUT A
WIFE
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


PART V: ABOUT THE
q
WIVES OF OTHER
PEOPLE
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VI: ABOUT
COURTESANS
- Introductory Remarks -
Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
| previous | content | next |
q CONCLUDING

REMARKS


MODERN KAMA
q

SUTRA



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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART II
- Introduction
CHAPTER VI
Of the different ways of lying down, and various kinds of congress
PART I:
q

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