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INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
On the occasion of a `high congress' the Mrigi (Deer) woman should lie down in
- Chapter II
such a way as to widen her yoni, while in a `low congress' the Hastini (Elephant)
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV woman should lie down so as to contract hers. But in an `equal congress' they
- Chapter V should lie down in the natural position. What is said above concerning the Mrigi
and the Hastini applies also to the Vadawa (Mare) woman. In a `low congress
the woman should particularly make use of medicine, to cause her desires to be
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
satisfied quickly.
UNION
- Chapter I The Deer-woman has the following three ways of lying down:
- Chapter II q The widely opened position
- Chapter III q The yawning position
- Chapter IV q The position of the wife of Indra
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI
- Chapter VII
- Chapter VIII
- Chapter IX
- Chapter X


q PART III: ABOUT THE
ACQUISITION OF A
WIFE
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V


q PART IV: ABOUT A
WIFE
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


PART V: ABOUT THE
q
WIVES OF OTHER
PEOPLE
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VI: ABOUT
COURTESANS
- Introductory Remarks -
Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
| previous | content | next |
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


q CONCLUDING

REMARKS


MODERN KAMA
q

SUTRA



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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART II
- Introduction
CHAPTER VII
Of the various modes of striking, and of the sounds appropiate to them
PART I:
q
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
SEXUAL intercourse can be compared to a quarrel, on account of the
- Chapter II
contrarieties of love and its tendency to dispute. The place of striking with
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV passion is the body, and on the body the special places are:
- Chapter V

The shoulders
q
PART II: ON SEXUAL The head
q q
UNION
The space between the breasts
q
- Chapter I
The back
q
- Chapter II
The jaghana, or middle part of the body
q
- Chapter III
The sides
q
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
Striking is of four kinds:
- Chapter VI
- Chapter VII
- Chapter VIII
Striking with the back of the hand
q
- Chapter IX
Striking with the fingers a little contracted
q
- Chapter X
Striking with the fist
q

Striking with the open palm of the hand
q
PART III: ABOUT THE
q
ACQUISITION OF A
WIFE
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V


q PART IV: ABOUT A
WIFE
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


PART V: ABOUT THE
q
WIVES OF OTHER
PEOPLE
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VI: ABOUT
COURTESANS
- Introductory Remarks -
Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I | previous | content | next |
- Chapter II


q CONCLUDING

REMARKS


MODERN KAMA
q

SUTRA



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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART II
- Introduction
CHAPTER VIII
About women acting the part of a man; and of the work of a man
q PART I:
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
When a woman sees that her lover is fatigued by constant congress, without
- Chapter II
having his desire satisfied, she should, with his permission, lay him down upon
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV his back, and give him assistance by acting his part. She may also do this to
- Chapter V satisfy the curiosity of her lover, or her own desire of novelty. There are two
ways of doing this, the first is when during congress she turns round, and gets
on the top of her lover, in such a manner as to continue the congress, without
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
obstructing the pleasure of it; and the other is when she acts the man's part
UNION
- Chapter I from the beginning. At such a time, with flowers in her hair hanging loose, and
- Chapter II her smiles broken by hard breathings, she should press upon her lover's bosom
- Chapter III with her own breasts, and lowering her head frequently, should do in return the
- Chapter IV same actions which he used to do before, returning his blows and chaffing him,
- Chapter V should say, `I was laid down by you, and fatigued with hard congress, I shall
- Chapter VI
now therefore lay you down in return.' She should then again manifest her own
- Chapter VII
bashfulness, her fatigue, and her desire of stopping the congress. In this way
- Chapter VIII
she should do the work of a man, which we shall presently relate.
- Chapter IX
- Chapter X


q PART III: ABOUT THE
ACQUISITION OF A
WIFE
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V


q PART IV: ABOUT A
WIFE
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


q PART V: ABOUT THE
WIVES OF OTHER
PEOPLE
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VI: ABOUT
COURTESANS
- Introductory Remarks -
Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


| previous | content | next |
PART VII: ON THE
q
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART II
- Introduction
CHAPTER IX
Of the Auparishtaka or mouth congress
q PART I:
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
There are two kinds of eunuchs, those that are disguised as males, and those
- Chapter II
that are disguised as females. Eunuchs disguised as females imitate their dress,
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV speech, gestures, tenderness, timidity, simplicity, softness and bashfulness.
- Chapter V The acts that are done on the jaghana or middle parts of women, are done in
the mouths of these eunuchs, and this is called Auparishtaka.1 These eunuchs
derive their imaginable pleasure, and their livelihood from this kind of congress,
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
and they lead the life of courtesans. So much concerning eunuchs disguised as
UNION
- Chapter I females.
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
Eunuchs disguised as males keep their desires secret, and when they wish to do
- Chapter IV
anything they lead the life of shampooers. Under the pretence of shampooing, a
- Chapter V
eunuch of this kind embraces and draws towards himself the thighs of the man
- Chapter VI
whom he is shampooing, and after this he touches the joints of his thighs and
- Chapter VII
his jaghana, or central portions of his body. Then, if he finds the lingam of the
- Chapter VIII
man erect, he presses it with his hands and chaffs him for getting into that
- Chapter IX
state. If after this, and after knowing his intention, the man does not tell the
- Chapter X
eunuch to proceed, then the latter does it of his own accord and begins the
congress. If however he is ordered by the man to do it, then he disputes with
q PART III: ABOUT THE
him, and only consents at last with difficulty.
ACQUISITION OF A
WIFE
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V


q PART IV: ABOUT A
WIFE
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


q PART V: ABOUT THE
WIVES OF OTHER
PEOPLE
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VI: ABOUT
COURTESANS
- Introductory Remarks -
Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
| previous | content | next |
CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART II
- Introduction
CHAPTER X
Of the way how to begin and how to end the congress. Different kinds
q PART I:
of congress and love quarrels.
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
In the pleasure-room, decorated with flowers, and fragrant with perfumes,
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV attended by his friends and servants, the citizen should receive the woman,
- Chapter V who will come bathed and dressed, and will invite her to take refreshment and
to drink freely. He should then seat her on his left side, and holding her hair,
and touching also the end and knot of her garment, he should gently embrace
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
her with his right arm. They should then carry on an amusing conversation on
UNION
- Chapter I various subjects, and may also talk suggestively of things which would be
- Chapter II considered as coarse, or not to be mentioned generally in society. They may
- Chapter III then sing, either with or without gesticulations, and play on musical
- Chapter IV instruments, talk about the arts, and persuade each other to drink. At last when
- Chapter V the woman is overcome with love and desire, the citizen should dismiss the
- Chapter VI
people that may be with him, giving them flowers, ointments, and betel leaves,
- Chapter VII
and then when the two are left alone, they should proceed as has been already
- Chapter VIII
described in the previous chapters.
- Chapter IX
- Chapter X
Such is the beginning of sexual union. At the end of the congress, the lovers
with modesty, and not looking at each other, should go separately to the
q PART III: ABOUT THE
washing-room. After this, sitting in their own places, they should eat some betel
ACQUISITION OF A
leaves, and the citizen should apply with his own hand to the body of the
WIFE
woman some pure sandal wood ointment, or ointment of some other kind. He
- Chapter I
should then embrace her with his left arm, and with agreeable words should
- Chapter II
cause her to drink from a cup held in his own hand, or he may give her water to
- Chapter III
drink. They can then eat sweetmeats, or anything else, according to their
- Chapter IV
likings and may drink fresh juice,1 soup, gruel, extracts of meat, sherbet, the
- Chapter V
juice of mango fruits, the extract of the juice of the citron tree mixed with
sugar, or anything that may be liked in different countries, and known to be
q PART IV: ABOUT A
sweet, soft, and pure. The lovers may also sit on the terrace of the palace or
WIFE
- Chapter I house, and enjoy the moonlight, and carry on an agreeable conversation. At
- Chapter II this time, too, while the woman lies in his lap, with her face towards the moon,
the citizen should show her the different planets, the morning star, the polar
star, and the seven Rishis, or Great Bear.
q PART V: ABOUT THE
WIVES OF OTHER
PEOPLE
This is the end of sexual union.
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV | previous | content | next |
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VI: ABOUT
COURTESANS
- Introductory Remarks -
Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART III
- Introduction
CHAPTER I
On marriage
PART I:
q
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
When a girl of the same caste, and a virgin, is married in accordance with the
- Chapter II
precepts of Holy Writ, the results of such a union are the acquisition of Dharma
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV and Artha, offspring, affinity, increase of friends, and untarnished love. For this
- Chapter V reason a man should fix his affections upon a girl who is of good family, whose
parents are alive, and who is three years or more younger than himself. She
should be born of a highly respectable family, possessed of wealth, well
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
connected, and with many relations and friends. She should also be beautiful,
UNION
- Chapter I of a good disposition, with lucky marks on her body, and with good hair, nails,
- Chapter II teeth, ears, eyes and breasts, neither more nor less than they ought to be, and
- Chapter III no one of them entirely wanting, and not troubled with a sickly body. The man
- Chapter IV should, of course, also possess these qualities himself. But at all events, says
- Chapter V Ghotakamukha, a girl who has been already joined with others (i.e. no longer a
- Chapter VI
maiden) should never be loved, for it would be reproachable to do such a thing.
- Chapter VII
- Chapter VIII
Now in order to bring about a marriage with such a girl as described above,
- Chapter IX
thee parents and relations of the man should exert themselves, as also such
- Chapter X
friends on both sides as may be desired to assist in the matter. These friends
should bring to the notice of the girl's parents, the faults, both present and
q PART III: ABOUT THE
future, of all the other men that may wish to marry her, and should at the same
ACQUISITION OF A
time extol even to exaggeration all the excellencies, ancestral, and paternal, of
WIFE
their friend, so as to endear him to them, and particularly to those that may be
- Chapter I
liked by the girl's mother. One of the friends should also disguise himself as an
- Chapter II
astrologer, and declare the future good fortune and wealth of his friend by
- Chapter III
showing the existence of all the lucky omens (1) and signs, (2) the good
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V influence of planets, the auspicious entrance of the sun into a sign of the
Zodiac, propitious stars and fortunate marks on his body. Others again should
rouse the jealousy of the girl's mother by telling her that their friend has a
q PART IV: ABOUT A
chance of getting from some other quarter even a better girl than hers.
WIFE
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


q PART V: ABOUT THE
WIVES OF OTHER
PEOPLE
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VI: ABOUT
COURTESANS
- Introductory Remarks -
Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART III
- Introduction
CHAPTER II
Of creating confidence in the girl
q PART I:
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
For the first three days after marriage, the girl and her husband should sleep
- Chapter II
on the floor, abstain from sexual pleasures, and eat their food without
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV seasoning it either with alkali or salt. For the next seven days they should bathe
- Chapter V amidst tire sounds of auspicious musical instruments, should decorate
themselves, dine together, and pay attention to their relations as well as to
those who may have come to witness their marriage. This is applicable to
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
persons of all castes. On the night of the tenth day the man should begin in a
UNION
- Chapter I lonely place with soft words, and thus create confidence in the girl. Some
- Chapter II authors say that for the purpose of winning her over he should not speak to her
- Chapter III for three days, but the followers of Babhravya are of opinion that if the man
- Chapter IV does not speak with her for three days, the girl may be discouraged by seeing
- Chapter V him spiritless like a pillar, and, becoming dejected, she may begin to despise
- Chapter VI
him as a eunuch.
- Chapter VII
- Chapter VIII
Vatsyayana says that the man should begin to win her over, and to create
- Chapter IX
confidence in her, but should abstain at first from sexual pleasures. Women,
- Chapter X
being of a tender nature, want tender beginnings, and when they are forcibly
approached by men with whom they are but slightly acquainted, they
q PART III: ABOUT THE
sometimes suddenly become haters of sexual connection, and sometimes even
ACQUISITION OF A
haters of the male sex. The man should therefore approach the girl according to
WIFE
her liking, and should make use of those devices by which he may be able to
- Chapter I
establish himself more and more into her confidence. These devices are as
- Chapter II
follows:
- Chapter III
He should embrace her first of all in a way she likes most, because it does not
- Chapter IV
last for a long time.
- Chapter V


q PART IV: ABOUT A He should embrace her with the upper part of his body because that is easier
WIFE and simpler. If the girl is grown up, or if the man has known her for some time,
- Chapter I
he may embrace her by the light of a lamp, but if he is not well acquainted with
- Chapter II
her, or if she is a young girl, he should then embrace her in darkness.

q PART V: ABOUT THE
When the girl accepts the embrace, the man should put a tambula or screw of
WIVES OF OTHER
betel nut and betel leaves in her mouth, and if she will not take it, he should
PEOPLE
induce her to do so by conciliatory words, entreaties, oaths, and kneeling at her
- Chapter I
feet, for it is a universal rule that however bashful or angry a woman may be
- Chapter II
she never disregards a man's kneeling at her feet. At the time of giving this
- Chapter III
tambula he should kiss her mouth softly and gracefully without making any
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V sound.
- Chapter VI

When she is gained over in this respect he should then make her talk, and so
PART VI: ABOUT that she may be induced to talk he should ask her questions about things of
q
COURTESANS
which he knows or pretends to know nothing, and which can be answered in a
- Introductory Remarks -
few words. If she does not speak to him, he should not frighten her, but should
Chapter I
ask her the same thing again and again in a conciliatory manner. If she does
- Chapter II
not then speak he should urge her to give a reply because, as Ghotakamukha
- Chapter III
says, `all girls hear everything said to them by men, but do not themselves
- Chapter IV
sometimes say a single word'.
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI

| previous | content | next |
PART VII: ON THE
q
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART III
- Introduction
CHAPTER III
On courtship, and the manifestation of the feelings by outward signs
q PART I:
and deeds
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
A poor man possessed of good qualities, a man born of a low family possessed
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV of mediocre qualities, a neighbour possessed of wealth, and one under the
- Chapter V control of his father, mother or brothers, should not marry without
endeavouring to gain over the girl from her childhood to love and esteem him.
Thus a boy separated from his parents, and living in the house of his uncle,
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
should try to gain over the daughter of his uncle, or some other girl, even
UNION
- Chapter I though she be previously betrothed to another. And this way of gaining over a
- Chapter II girl, says Ghotakamukha, is unexceptional, because Dharma can be
- Chapter III accomplished by means of it as well as by any other way of marriage.
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
When a boy has thus begun to woo the girl he loves, he should spend his time
- Chapter VI
with her and amuse her with various games and diversions fitted for their age
- Chapter VII
and acquaintanceship, such as picking and collecting flowers, making garlands
- Chapter VIII
of flowers, playing the parts of members of a fictitious family, cooking food,
- Chapter IX
playing with dice, playing with cards, the game of odd and even, the game of
- Chapter X
finding out the middle finger, the game of six pebbles, and such other games as
may be prevalent in the country, and agreeable to the disposition of the girl. In
q PART III: ABOUT THE
addition to this, he should carry on various amusing games played by several
ACQUISITION OF A
persons together, such as hide and seek, playing with seeds, hiding things in
WIFE
several small heaps of wheat and looking for them, blindman's buff, gymnastic
- Chapter I
exercises, and other games of the same sort, in company with the girl, her
- Chapter II
friends and female attendants. The man should also show great kindness to any
- Chapter III
woman whom the girl thinks fit to be trusted, and should also make new
- Chapter IV
acquaintances, but above all he should attach to himself by kindness and little
- Chapter V
services the daughter of the girl's nurse, for if she be gained over, even though
she comes to know of his design, she does not cause any obstruction, but is
q PART IV: ABOUT A
sometimes even able to effect a union between him and the girl. And though
WIFE
- Chapter I she knows the true character of the man, she always talks of his many
- Chapter II excellent qualities to the parents and relations of the girl, even though she may
not be desired to do so by him.
q PART V: ABOUT THE
WIVES OF OTHER
In this way the man should do whatever the girl takes most delight in, and he
PEOPLE
should get for her whatever she may have a desire to possess. Thus he should
- Chapter I
procure for her such playthings as may be hardly known to other girls. He may
- Chapter II
also show her a ball dyed with various colours, and other curiosities of the same
- Chapter III
sort; and should give her dolls made of cloth, wood, buffalo-horn, wax, flour, or
- Chapter IV
earth; also utensils for cooking food, and figures in wood, such as a man and
- Chapter V
woman standing, a pair of rams, or goats, or sheep; also temples made of
- Chapter VI
earth, bamboo, or wood, dedicated to various goddesses; and cages for
parrots, cuckoos, starlings, quails, cocks, and partridges; water-vessels of
q PART VI: ABOUT
different sorts and of elegant forms, machines for throwing water about,
COURTESANS
guitars, stands for putting images upon, stools, lac, red arsenic, yellow
- Introductory Remarks -
ointment, vermilion and collyrium, as well as sandalwood, saffron, betel nut and
Chapter I
betel leaves. Such things should be given at different times whenever he gets a
- Chapter II
good opportunity of meeting her, and some of them should be given in private,
- Chapter III
and some in public, according to circumstances. In short, he should try in every
- Chapter IV
way to make her look upon him as one who would do for her everything that
- Chapter V
she wanted to be done.
- Chapter VI


q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING | previous | content | next |
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART III
- Introduction
CHAPTER IV
About things to be done only by the man, and the acquisition of the girl
q PART I:
thereby. Also what is to be done by a girl to gain over a man, and
INTRODUCTORY
subject him to her
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV Now when the girl begins to show her love by outward signs and motions, as
- Chapter V described in the last chapter, the lover should try to gain her over entirely by
various ways and means, such as the following:
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
UNION
When engaged with her in any game or sport he should intentionally hold her
- Chapter I
hand. He should practise upon her the various kinds of embraces, such as the
- Chapter II
touching embrace, and others already described in a preceding chapter (Part II,
- Chapter III
Chapter II). He should show her a pair of human beings cut out of the leaf of a
- Chapter IV
tree, and such like things, at intervals. When engaged in water sports, he
- Chapter V
should dive at a distance from her, and come tip close to her. He should show
- Chapter VI
an increased liking for the new foliage of trees and such like things. He should
- Chapter VII
describe to her the pangs he suffers on her account. He should relate to her the
- Chapter VIII
beautiful dream that he has had with reference to other women. At parties and
- Chapter IX
assemblies of his caste he should sit near her, and touch her under some
- Chapter X
pretence or other, and having placed his foot upon hers, he should slowly touch
each of her toes, and press the ends of the nails; if successful in this, he should
q PART III: ABOUT THE
get hold of her foot with his hand and repeat the same thing. He should also
ACQUISITION OF A
press a finger of her hand between his toes when she happens to be washing
WIFE
his feet; and whenever he gives anything to her or takes anything from her, he
- Chapter I
should show her by his manner and look how much he loves her.
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
He should sprinkle upon her the water brought for rinsing his mouth; and when
- Chapter V
alone with her in a lonely place, or in darkness, he should make love to her,
and tell her the true state of his mind without distressing her in any way.
q PART IV: ABOUT A
WIFE
Whenever he sits with her on the same seat or bed he should say to her, `I
- Chapter I
have something to tell you in private', and then, when she comes to hear it in a
- Chapter II
quiet place, he should express his love to her more by manner and signs than
by words. When he comes to know the state of her feelings towards him he
q PART V: ABOUT THE
should pretend to be ill, and should make her come to his house to speak to
WIVES OF OTHER
him. There he should intentionally hold her hand and place it on his eyes and
PEOPLE
forehead, and under the pretence of preparing some medicine for him he should
- Chapter I
ask her to do the work for his sake in the following words: `This work must be
- Chapter II
done by you, and by nobody else.' When she wants to go away he should let
- Chapter III
her go, with an earnest request to come and see him again. This device of
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V illness should be continued for three days and three nights. After this, when she
- Chapter VI begins coming to see him frequently, he should carry on long conversations
with her, for, says Ghotakamukha, `though a man loves a girl ever so much, he
never succeeds in winning her without a great deal of talking'.
q PART VI: ABOUT
COURTESANS
- Introductory Remarks -
Chapter I
| previous | content | next |
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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Kama Sutra




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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART III
- Introduction
CHAPTER V
On certain forms of marriage (1)
q PART I:
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
- Chapter II When a girl cannot meet her lover frequently in private, she should send the
- Chapter III daughter of her nurse to him, it being understood that she has confidence in
- Chapter IV her, and had previously gained her over to her interests. On seeing the man,
- Chapter V the daughter of the nurse should, in the course of conversation, describe to him
the noble birth, the good disposition, the beauty, talent, skill, knowledge of
human nature and affection of the girl in such a way as not to let him suppose
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
UNION that she had been sent by the girl, and should thus create affection for the girl
- Chapter I
in the heart of the man. To the girl also she should speak about the excellent
- Chapter II
qualities of the man, especially of those qualities which she knows are pleasing
- Chapter III
to the girl. She should, moreover, speak with disparagement of the other lovers
- Chapter IV
of the girl, and talk about the avarice and indiscretion of their parents, and the
- Chapter V
fickleness of their relations. She should also quote samples of many girls of
- Chapter VI
ancient times, such as Sakoontala and others, who, having united themselves
- Chapter VII
with lovers of their own caste and their own choice, were ever happy afterwards
- Chapter VIII
in their society. And she should also tell of other girls who married into great
- Chapter IX
families, and being troubled by rival wives, became wretched and miserable,
- Chapter X
and were finally abandoned. She should further speak of the good fortune, the
continual happiness, the chastity, obedience, and affection of the man, and if
q PART III: ABOUT THE
the girl gets amorous about him, she should endeavour to allay her shame2 and
ACQUISITION OF A
her fear as well as her suspicions about any disaster that might result from her
WIFE
marriage. In a word, she should act the whole part of a female messenger by
- Chapter I
telling the girl all about the man's affection for her, the places he frequented,
- Chapter II
and the endeavours he made to meet her, and by frequently repeating, `It will
- Chapter III
be all right if the man will take you away forcibly and unexpectedly.'
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
The Forms of Marriage
When the girl is gained over, and acts openly with the man as his wife, he
q PART IV: ABOUT A
should cause fire to be brought from the house of a Brahman, and having
WIFE
- Chapter I spread the Kusha grass upon the ground, and offered an oblation to the fire, he
- Chapter II should marry her according to the precepts of the religious law. After this he
should inform his parents of the fact, because it is the opinion of ancient
authors that a marriage solemnly contracted in the presence of fire cannot
q PART V: ABOUT THE
WIVES OF OTHER afterwards be set aside.
PEOPLE
- Chapter I
After the consummation of the marriage, the relations of the man should
- Chapter II
gradually be made acquainted with the affair, and the relations of the girl
- Chapter III
should also be apprised of it in such a way that they may consent to the
- Chapter IV
marriage, and overlook the manner in which it was brought about, and when
- Chapter V
this is done they should afterwards be reconciled by affectionate presents and
- Chapter VI
favourable conduct. In this manner the man should marry the girl according to
the Gandharva form of marriage.
q PART VI: ABOUT
COURTESANS
- Introductory Remarks -
When the girl cannot make up her mind, or will not express her readiness to
Chapter I
marry, the man should obtain her in any one of the following ways:
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
On a fitting occasion, and under some excuse, he should, by means of a female
- Chapter IV
friend with whom he is well acquainted, and whom he can trust, and who also is
- Chapter V
well known to the girl's family, get the girl brought unexpectedly to his house,
- Chapter VI
and he should then bring fire from the house of a Brahman, and proceed as
before described.
q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
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- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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Kama Sutra




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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART IV
- Introduction
CHAPTER I
On the manner of living of a virtuous woman, and of her behaviour
q PART I:
during the absence of her husband
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
A virtuous woman, who has affection for her husband, should act in conformity
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV with his wishes as if he were a divine being, and with his consent should take
- Chapter V upon herself the whole care of his family. She should keep the whole house well
cleaned, and arrange flowers of various kinds in different parts of it, and make
the floor smooth and polished so as to give the whole a neat and becoming
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
appearance. She should surround the house with a garden, and place ready in it
UNION
- Chapter I all the materials required for the morning, noon and evening sacrifices.
- Chapter II Moreover she should herself revere the sanctuary of the Household Gods, for,
- Chapter III says Gonardiya, `nothing so much attracts the heart of a householder to his
- Chapter IV wife as a careful observance of the things mentioned above'. Towards the
- Chapter V parents, relations, friends, sisters, and servants of her husband she should
- Chapter VI
behave as they deserve. In the garden she should plant beds of green
- Chapter VII
vegetables, bunches of the sugar cane, and clumps of the fig tree, the mustard
- Chapter VIII
plant, the parsley plant, the fennel plant, and the xanthochymus pictorius.
- Chapter IX
Clusters of various flowers such as the trapa bispinosa, the jasmine, the
- Chapter X
jasminum grandiflorum, the yellow amaranth, the wild jasmine, the
tabernamontana coronaria, the nadyaworta, the china rose and others, should
q PART III: ABOUT THE likewise be planted, together with the fragrant grass andropogon schaenanthus,
ACQUISITION OF A
and the fragrant root of the plant andropogon miricatus. She should also have
WIFE
seats and arbours made in the garden, in the middle of which a well, tank, or
- Chapter I
pool should be dug.
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
The wife should always avoid the company of female beggars, female Buddhist
- Chapter IV
mendicants, unchaste and roguish women, female fortune tellers and witches.
- Chapter V
As regards meals she should always consider what her husband likes and
dislikes and what things are good for him, and what are injurious to him. When
q PART IV: ABOUT A
she hears the sounds of his footsteps coming home she should at once get up
WIFE
- Chapter I and be ready to do whatever he may command her, and either order her female
- Chapter II servant to wash his feet, or wash them herself. When going anywhere with her
husband, she should put on her ornaments, and without his consent she should
not either give or accept invitations, or attend marriages and sacrifices, or sit in
q PART V: ABOUT THE
the company of female friends, or visit the temples of the Gods. And if she
WIVES OF OTHER
PEOPLE wants to engage in any kind of games or sports, she should not do it against his
- Chapter I
will. In the same way she should always sit down after him, and get up before
- Chapter II
him, and should never awaken him when he is asleep. The kitchen should be
- Chapter III
situated in a quiet and retired place, so as not to be accessible to strangers,
- Chapter IV
and should always look clean.
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI
In the event of any misconduct on the part of her husband, she should not
blame him excessively, though she be a little displeased. She should not use
q PART VI: ABOUT
abusive language towards him, but rebuke him with conciliatory words, whether
COURTESANS
he be in the company of friends or alone. Moreover, she should not be a scold,
- Introductory Remarks -
for, says Gonardiya, `there is no cause of dislike on the part of a husband so
Chapter I
great as this characteristic in a wife'. Lastly she should avoid bad expressions,
- Chapter II
sulky looks, speaking aside, standing in the doorway, and looking at passers-
- Chapter III
by, conversing in the pleasure groves, and remaining in a lonely place for a long
- Chapter IV
time; and finally she should always keep her body, her teeth, her hair and
- Chapter V
everything belonging to her tidy, sweet, and clean.
- Chapter VI


q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING | previous | content | next |
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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Kama Sutra




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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART IV
- Introduction
CHAPTER II
On the conduct of the eldest Wife towards the other Wives of her
q PART I:
Husband, and of the younger Wife towards the elder ones. Also on the
INTRODUCTORY
conduct of a Virgin Widow remarried; of a Wife disliked by her
- Chapter I
Husband; of the Women in the King's Harem; and of a Husband who has
- Chapter II
more than one Wife
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
The causes of re-marrying during the lifetime of the wife are as follows:
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
UNION
The folly or ill-temper of the wife
q
- Chapter I
Her husband's dislike to her
q
- Chapter II
The want of offspring
q
- Chapter III
The continual birth of daughters
q
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
The incontinence of the husband
- Chapter VI
From the very beginning, a wife should endeavour to attract the heart of her
- Chapter VII
husband, by showing to him continually her devotion, her good temper, and her
- Chapter VIII
wisdom. If however she bears him no children, she should herself toilette her
- Chapter IX
husband to marry another woman. And when the second wife is married, and
- Chapter X
brought to the house, the first wife should give her a position superior to her
own, and look upon her as a sister. In the morning the elder wife should
q PART III: ABOUT THE
forcibly make the younger one decorate herself in the presence of their
ACQUISITION OF A
WIFE husband, and should not mind all the husband's favour being given to her. If
- Chapter I the younger wife does anything to displease her husband the elder one should
- Chapter II
not neglect her, but should always be ready to give her most careful advice,
- Chapter III
and should teach her to do various things in the presence of her husband. Her
- Chapter IV
children she should treat as her own, her attendants she should look upon with
- Chapter V
more regard, even than on her own servants, her friends she should cherish
with love and kindness, and her relations with great honour.
q PART IV: ABOUT A
WIFE
When there are many other wives besides herself, the elder wife should
- Chapter I
associate with the one who is immediately next to her in rank and age, and
- Chapter II
should instigate the wife who has recently enjoyed her husband's favour to
quarrel with the present favourite. After this she should sympathize with the
q PART V: ABOUT THE
former, and having collected all the other wives together, should get them to
WIVES OF OTHER
denounce the favourite as a scheming and wicked woman, without however
PEOPLE
committing herself in any way. If the favourite wife happens to quarrel with the
- Chapter I
husband, then the elder wife should take her part and give her false
- Chapter II
encouragement, and thus cause the quarrel to be increased. If there be only a
- Chapter III
little quarrel between the two, the elder wife should do all she can to work it up
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V into a large quarrel. But if after all this she finds the husband still continues to
- Chapter VI love his favourite wife she should then change her tactics, and endeavour to
bring about a conciliation between them, so as to avoid her husband's
displeasure.
q PART VI: ABOUT
COURTESANS
- Introductory Remarks -
Thus ends the conduct of the elder wife.
Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
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- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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Kama Sutra




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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART V
- Introduction
CHAPTER I
On the Characteristics of Men and Women, and the reason why Women
q PART I:
reject the Addresses of Men. About Men who have Success with
INTRODUCTORY
Women, and about Women who are easily gained over
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV The wives of other people may be resorted to on the occasions already
- Chapter V described in Part I, Chapter V, of this work, but the possibility of their
acquisition, their fitness for cohabitation, the danger to oneself in uniting with
them, and the future effect of these unions, should first of all be examined. A
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
man may resort to the wife of another, for the purpose of saving his own life,
UNION
- Chapter I when he perceives that his love for her proceeds from one degree of intensity
- Chapter II to another. These degrees are ten in number, and are distinguished by the
- Chapter III following marks:
- Chapter IV q Love of the eye
- Chapter V q Attachment of the mind
- Chapter VI
q Constant reflection
- Chapter VII
q Destruction of sleep
- Chapter VIII
q Emaciation of the body
- Chapter IX
q Turning away from objects of enjoyment
- Chapter X
q Removal of shame

q Madness
q PART III: ABOUT THE q Fainting
ACQUISITION OF A
q Death
WIFE
- Chapter I
Ancient authors say that a man should know the disposition, truthfulness,
- Chapter II
purity, and will of a young woman, as also the intensity, or weakness of her
- Chapter III
passions, from the form of her body, and from her characteristic marks and
- Chapter IV
signs. But Vatsyayana is of opinion that the forms of bodies, and the
- Chapter V
characteristic marks or signs are but erring tests of character, and that women
should be judged by their conduct, by the outward expression of their thoughts,
q PART IV: ABOUT A
and by the movements of their bodies.
WIFE
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
Now as a general rule Gonikaputra says that a woman falls in love with every
handsome man she sees, and so does every man at the sight of a beautiful
q PART V: ABOUT THE woman, but frequently they do not take any further steps, owing to various
WIVES OF OTHER
considerations. In love the following circumstances are peculiar to the woman.
PEOPLE
She loves without regard to right or wrong,1 and does not try to gain over a
- Chapter I
man simply for the attainment of some particular purpose. Moreover, when a
- Chapter II
man first makes up to her she naturally shrinks from him, even though she may
- Chapter III
be willing to unite herself with him. But when the attempts to gain her are
- Chapter IV
repeated and renewed, she at last consents. But with a man, even though he
- Chapter V
may have begun to love, he conquers his feelings from a regard for morality
- Chapter VI
and wisdom, and although his thoughts are often on the woman, he does not
yield, even though an attempt be made to gain him over. He sometimes makes
q PART VI: ABOUT
an attempt or effort to win the object of his affections, and having failed, he
COURTESANS
leaves her alone for the future. In the same way, when a woman is once
- Introductory Remarks -
gained, he often becomes indifferent about her. As for the saying that a man
Chapter I
does not care for what is easily gained, and only desires a thing which cannot
- Chapter II
be obtained without difficulty, it is only a matter of talk.
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI
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q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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Kama Sutra




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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART V
- Introduction
CHAPTER II
About making Acquaintance with the Woman, and of the efforts to gain
q PART I:
her over
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
Ancient authors are of opinion that girls are not so easily seduced by employing
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV female messengers as by the efforts of the man himself, but that the wives of
- Chapter V others are more easily got at by the aid of female messengers than by the
personal efforts of the man. But Vatsyayana lays it down that whenever it is
possible a man should always act himself in these matters, and it is only when
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
such is impracticable, or impossible, that female messengers should be
UNION
- Chapter I employed. As for the saying that women who act and talk boldly and freely are
- Chapter II to be won by the personal efforts of the man, and that women who do not
- Chapter III possess those qualities are to be got at by female messengers, it is only a
- Chapter IV matter of talk.
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI
Now when a man acts himself in the matter he should first of all make the
- Chapter VII
acquaintance of the woman he loves in the following manner:

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