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- Chapter VIII
- Chapter IX
He should arrange to be seen by the woman either on a natural or special
- Chapter X
opportunity. A natural opportunity is when one of them goes to the house of the
other, and a special opportunity is when they meet either at the house of a
q PART III: ABOUT THE
friend, or a caste-fellow, or a minister, or a physician, as also on the occasion of
ACQUISITION OF A
WIFE marriage ceremonies, sacrifices, festivals, funerals, and garden parties.
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
When they do meet, the man should be careful to look at her in such a way as
- Chapter III
to cause the state of his mind to be made known to her; he should pull about
- Chapter IV
his moustache, make a sound with his nails, cause his own ornaments to tinkle,
- Chapter V
bite his lower lip, and make various other signs of that description. When she is
looking at him he should speak to his friends about her and other women, and
q PART IV: ABOUT A
should show to her his liberality and his appreciation of enjoyments. When
WIFE
sitting by the side of a female friend he should yawn and twist his body,
- Chapter I
contract his eyebrows, speak very slowly as if he was weary, and listen to her
- Chapter II
indifferently. A conversation having two meanings should also be carried on
with a child or some other person, apparently having regard to a third person,
q PART V: ABOUT THE
but really having reference to the woman he loves, and in this way his love
WIVES OF OTHER
should be made manifest under the pretext of referring to others rather than to
PEOPLE
herself. He should make marks that have reference to her, on the earth with his
- Chapter I
nails, or with a stick, and should embrace and kiss a child in her presence, and
- Chapter II
give it the mixture of betel nut and betel leaves with his tongue, and press its
- Chapter III
chin with his fingers in a caressing way. All these things should be done at the
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V proper time and in proper places.
- Chapter VI

The man should fondle a child that may be sitting on her lap, and give it
PART VI: ABOUT something to play with, and also take the same back again. Conversation with
q
COURTESANS
respect to the child may also be held with her, and in this manner he should
- Introductory Remarks -
gradually become well acquainted with her, and he should also make himself
Chapter I
agreeable to her relations. Afterwards, this acquaintance should be made a
- Chapter II
pretext for visiting her house frequently, and on such occasions he should
- Chapter III
converse on the subject of love in her absence but within her hearing. As his
- Chapter IV
intimacy with her increases he should place in her charge some kind of deposit
- Chapter V
or trust, and take away from it a small portion at a time; or he may give her
- Chapter VI
some fragrant substances, or betel nuts to be kept for him by her. After this he
should endeavour to make her well acquainted with his own wife, and get them
q PART VII: ON THE
to carry on confidential conversations, and to sit together in lonely places.
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II | previous | content | next |

CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART V
- Introduction
CHAPTER III
Examination of the State of a Woman's mind
q PART I:
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
When a man is trying to gain over a woman he should examine the state of her
- Chapter II
mind, and act as follows:
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
If she listens to him, but does not manifest to him in any way her own
intentions, he should then try to gain her over by means of a go-between.
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
UNION
If she meets him once, and again comes to meet him better dressed than
- Chapter I
before, or comes to him in some lonely place, he should be certain that she is
- Chapter II
capable of being enjoyed by the use of a little force. A woman who lets a man
- Chapter III
make up to her, but does not give herself up, even after a long time, should be
- Chapter IV
considered as a trifler in love, but owing to the fickleness of the human mind,
- Chapter V
even such a woman can be conquered by always keeping up a close
- Chapter VI
acquaintance with her.
- Chapter VII
- Chapter VIII
- Chapter IX
When a woman avoids the attentions of a man, and on account of respect for
- Chapter X
him, and pride in herself, will not meet him or approach him, she can be gained
over with difficulty, either by endeavouring to keep on familiar terms with her,
q PART III: ABOUT THE or else by an exceedingly clever go-between.
ACQUISITION OF A
WIFE
When a man makes up to a woman, and she reproaches him with harsh words,
- Chapter I
she should be abandoned at once.
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
When a woman reproaches a man, but at the same time acts affectionately
- Chapter V
towards him, she should be made love to in every way.

q PART IV: ABOUT A
A woman, who meets a man in lonely places, and puts up with the touch of his
WIFE
foot, but pretends, on account of the indecision of her mind, not to be aware of
- Chapter I
it, should be conquered by patience, and by continued efforts as follows:
- Chapter II


If she happens to go to sleep in his vicinity he should put his left arm round
PART V: ABOUT THE
q
her, and see when she awakes whether she repulses him in reality, or only
WIVES OF OTHER
PEOPLE repulses him in such a way as if she was desirous of the same thing being done
- Chapter I to her again. And what is done by the arm can also be done by the foot. If the
- Chapter II man succeeds in this point he should embrace her more closely, and if she will
- Chapter III
not stand the embrace and gets up, but behaves with him as usual the next
- Chapter IV
day, he should consider then that she is not unwilling to be enjoyed by him. If
- Chapter V
however she does not appear again, the man should try to get over her by
- Chapter VI
means of a go-between; and if, after having disappeared for some time, she
again appears, and behaves with him as usual, the man should then consider
q PART VI: ABOUT that she would not object to be united with him.
COURTESANS
- Introductory Remarks -
When a woman gives a man an opportunity, and makes her own love manifest
Chapter I
to him, he should proceed to enjoy her. And the signs of a woman manifesting
- Chapter II
her love are these:
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V She calls out to a man without being addressed by him in the first instance.
q
- Chapter VI She shows herself to him in secret places.
q

She speaks to him tremblingly and inarticulately.
q

q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING | previous | content | next |
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART V
- Introduction
CHAPTER IV
The Business of a Go-Between
q PART I:
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
If a woman has manifested her love or desire, either by signs or by motions of
- Chapter II
the body, and is afterwards rarely or never seen anywhere, or if a woman is
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV met for the first time, the man should get a go-between to approach her.
- Chapter V

Now the go-between, having wheedled herself into the confidence of the
PART II: ON SEXUAL woman by acting according to her disposition, should try to make her hate or
q
UNION
despise her husband by holding artful conversations with her, by telling her
- Chapter I
about medicines for getting children, by talking to her about other people, by
- Chapter II
tales of various kinds, by stories about the wives of other men, and by praising
- Chapter III
her beauty, wisdom, generosity and good nature, and then saying to her: `It is
- Chapter IV
indeed a pity that you, who are so excellent a woman in every way, should be
- Chapter V
possessed of a husband of this kind. Beautiful lady, he is not fit even to serve
- Chapter VI
you.' The go-between should further talk to the woman about the weakness of
- Chapter VII
the passion of her husband, his jealousy, his roguery, his ingratitude, his
- Chapter VIII
aversion to enjoyments, his dullness, his meanness, and all the other faults that
- Chapter IX
he may have, and with which she may be acquainted. She should particularly
- Chapter X
harp upon that fault or that failing by which the wife may appear to be the most
affected. If the wife be a deer woman, and the husband a hare man, then there
q PART III: ABOUT THE
would be no fault in that direction, but in the event of his being a hare man,
ACQUISITION OF A
and she a mare woman or elephant woman, then this fault should be pointed
WIFE
out to her.
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
Gonikaputra is of opinion that when it is the first affair of the woman, or when
- Chapter IV
her love has only been very secretly shown, the man should then secure and
- Chapter V
send to her a go-between, with whom she may be already acquainted, and in
whom she confides.
q PART IV: ABOUT A
WIFE
But to return to our subject. The go-between should tell the woman about the
- Chapter I
obedience and love of the man, and as her confidence and affection increase,
- Chapter II
she should then explain to her the thing to be accomplished in the following
way. `Hear this, Oh beautiful lady, that this man, born of a good family, having
q PART V: ABOUT THE
seen you, has gone mad on your account. The poor young man, who is tender
WIVES OF OTHER
by nature, has never been distressed in such a way before, and it is highly
PEOPLE
probable that he will succumb under his present affliction, and experience the
- Chapter I
pains of death.' If the woman listens with a favourable ear, then on the
- Chapter II
following day the go-between, having observed marks of good spirits in her
- Chapter III
face, in her eyes, and in her manner of conversation, should again converse
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V with her on the subject of the man, and should tell her the stories of Ahalya1
- Chapter VI and Indra, of Sakoontala2 and Dushyanti, and such others as may be fitted for
the occasion. She should also describe to her the strength of the man, his
talents, his skill in the sixty-four sorts of enjoyments mentioned by Babhravya,
q PART VI: ABOUT
his good looks, and his liaison with some praiseworthy woman, no matter
COURTESANS
- Introductory Remarks - whether this last ever took place or not.
Chapter I
- Chapter II
In addition to this, the go-between should carefully note the behaviour of the
- Chapter III
woman, which if favourable would be as follows: She would address her with a
- Chapter IV
smiling look, would seat herself close beside her, and ask her, `Where have you
- Chapter V
been? What have you been doing? Where did you dine? Where did you sleep?
- Chapter VI
Where have you been sitting?'
q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
| previous | content | next |
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART V
- Introduction
CHAPTER V
On the Love of Persons in authority with the Wives of other People
q PART I:
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
Kings and their ministers have no access to the abodes of others, and moreover
- Chapter II
their mode of living is constantly watched and observed and imitated by the
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV people at large, just as the animal world, seeing the sun rise, get up after him,
- Chapter V and when he sits in the evening, lie down again in the same way. Persons in
authority should not therefore do any improper act in public, as such are
impossible from their position, and would be deserving of censure. But if they
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
find that such an act is necessary to be done, they should make use of the
UNION
- Chapter I proper means as described in the following paragraphs.
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
The head man of the village, the king's officer employed there, and the man1
- Chapter IV
whose business it is to glean corn, can gain over female villagers simply by
- Chapter V
asking them. It is on this account that this class of woman are called unchaste
- Chapter VI
women by voluptuaries.
- Chapter VII
- Chapter VIII
The union of the above mentioned men with this class of woman takes place on
- Chapter IX
the occasions of unpaid labour, of filling the granaries in their houses, of taking
- Chapter X
things in and out of the house, of cleaning the houses, of working in the fields,
and of purchasing cotton, wool, flax, hemp, and thread, and at the season of
q PART III: ABOUT THE
the purchase, sale, and exchange of various other articles, as well as at the
ACQUISITION OF A
WIFE time of doing various other works. In the same way the superintendents of cow
- Chapter I pens enjoy the women in the cow pens; and the officers, who crave the
- Chapter II
superintendence of widows, of the women who are without supporters, and of
- Chapter III
women who have left their husbands, have sexual intercourse with these
- Chapter IV
women. The intelligent accomplish their object by wandering at night in the
- Chapter V
village, and while villagers also unite with the wives of their sons, being much
alone with them. Lastly the superintendents of markets have a great deal to do
q PART IV: ABOUT A with the female villagers at the time of their making purchases in the market.
WIFE
- Chapter I
During the festival of the eighth moon, i.e. during the bright half of the month
- Chapter II
of Nargashirsha, as also during the moonlight festival of the month of Kartika,
and the spring festival of Chaitra, the women of cities and towns generally visit
q PART V: ABOUT THE
the women of the king's harem in the royal palace. These visitors go to the
WIVES OF OTHER
several apartments of the women of the harem, as they are acquainted with
PEOPLE
them, and pass the night in conversation, and in proper sports, and
- Chapter I
amusement, and go away in the morning. On such occasions a female
- Chapter II
attendant of the king (previously acquainted with the woman whom the king
- Chapter III
desires) should loiter about, and accost this woman when she sets out to go
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V home, and induce her to come and see the amusing things in the palace.
- Chapter VI Previous to these festivals even, she should have caused it to be intimated to
this woman that on the occasion of this festival she would show her all the
interesting things in the royal palace. Accordingly she should show her the
q PART VI: ABOUT
bower of the coral creeper, the garden house with its floor inlaid with precious
COURTESANS
- Introductory Remarks - stones, the bower of grapes, the building on the water, the secret passages in
Chapter I the walls of the palace, the pictures, the sporting animals, the machines, the
- Chapter II birds, and the cages of the lions and the tigers. After this, when alone with her,
- Chapter III she should tell her about the love of the king for her, and should describe to her
- Chapter IV the good fortune which would attend upon her union with the king, giving her at
- Chapter V
the time a strict promise of secrecy. If the woman does not accept the offer,
- Chapter VI
she should conciliate and please her with handsome presents befitting the
position of the king, and having accompanied her for some distance should
dismiss her with great affection.
q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
| previous | content | next |
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART V
- Introduction
CHAPTER VI
About the Women of the Royal Harem, and of the keeping of one's own
q PART I:
Wife
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
The women of the royal harem cannot see or meet any men on account of their
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV being strictly guarded, neither do they have their desires satisfied, because
- Chapter V their only husband is common to many wives. For this reason among
themselves they give pleasure to each other in various ways as now described.
Having dressed the daughters of their nurses, or their female friends, or their
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
female attendants, like men, they accomplish their object by means of bulbs,
UNION
- Chapter I roots, and fruits having the form of the lingam, or they lie down upon the
- Chapter II statue of a male figure, in which the lingam is visible and erect.
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
Some kings, who are compassionate, take or apply certain medicines to enable
- Chapter V
them to enjoy many wives in one night, simply for the purpose of satisfying the
- Chapter VI
desire of their women, though they perhaps have no desire of their own. Others
- Chapter VII
enjoy with great affection only those wives that they particularly like, while
- Chapter VIII
others only take them, according as the turn of each wife arrives in due course.
- Chapter IX
Such are the ways of enjoyment prevalent in Eastern countries, and what is
- Chapter X
said about the means of enjoyment of the female is also applicable to the male.
q PART III: ABOUT THE
By means of their female attendants the ladies of the royal harem generally get
ACQUISITION OF A
WIFE men into their apartments in the disguise or dress of women. Their female
- Chapter I attendants, and the daughters of their nurses, who are acquainted with their
- Chapter II
secrets, should exert themselves to get men to come to the harem in this way
- Chapter III
by telling them of the good fortune attending it, and by describing the facilities
- Chapter IV
of entering and leaving the palace, the large size of the premises, the
- Chapter V
carelessness of the sentinels, and the irregularities of the attendants about the
persons of the royal wives. But these women should never induce a man to
q PART IV: ABOUT A enter the harem by telling him falsehoods, for that would probably lead to his
WIFE destruction.
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
As for the man himself he had better not enter a royal harem, even though it
may be easily accessible, on account of the numerous disasters to which he
q PART V: ABOUT THE
may be exposed there. If however he wants to enter it, he should first ascertain
WIVES OF OTHER
whether there is an easy way to get out, whether it is closely surrounded by the
PEOPLE
pleasure garden, whether it has separate enclosures belonging to it, whether
- Chapter I
the sentinels are careless, whether the king has gone abroad, and then, when
- Chapter II
he is called by the women of the harem, he should carefully observe the
- Chapter III
localities, and enter by the way pointed out by them. If he is able to manage it,
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V he should hang about the harem every day, and under some pretext or other,
- Chapter VI make friends with the sentinels, and show himself attached to the female
attendants of the harem, who may have become acquainted with his design,
and to whom he should express his regret at not being able to obtain the object
q PART VI: ABOUT
of his desire. Lastly he should cause the whole business of a go-between to be
COURTESANS
- Introductory Remarks - done by the woman who may have access to the harem, and he should be
Chapter I careful to be able to recognize the emissaries of the king.
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
When a go-between has no access to the harem, then the man should stand in
- Chapter IV
some place where the lady, whom he loves and whom he is anxious to enjoy,
- Chapter V
can be seen.
- Chapter VI


q PART VII: ON THE
| previous | content | next |
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART VI
- Introduction
Introductory remarks
q PART I:
INTRODUCTORY
This Part VI, about courtesans, was prepared by Vatsyayana from a treatise on
- Chapter I
the subject that was written by Dattaka, for the women of Pataliputra (the
- Chapter II
modern Patna), some two thousand years ago. Dattaka's work does not appear
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV to be extant now, but this abridgement of it is very clever, and quite equal to
- Chapter V any of the productions of Emile Zola, and other writers of the realistic school of
today. Although a great deal has been written on the subject of the courtesan,
nowhere will be found a better description of her, of her belongings, of her
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
ideas, and of the working of her mind, than is contained in the following pages.
UNION
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
The details of the domestic and social life of the early Hindoos would not be
- Chapter III
complete without mention of the courtesan, and Part VI is entirely devoted to
- Chapter IV
this subject. The Hindoos have ever had the good sense to recognise
- Chapter V
courtesans as a part and portion of human society, and so long as they
- Chapter VI
behaved themselves with decency and propriety they were regarded with a
- Chapter VII
certain respect. Anyhow, they have never been treated in the East with that
- Chapter VIII
brutality and contempt so common in the West, while their education has
- Chapter IX
always been of a superior kind to that bestowed upon the rest of womankind in
- Chapter X
Oriental countries.
q PART III: ABOUT THE
In the earlier days the well-educated Hindoo dancing girl and courtesan
ACQUISITION OF A
WIFE doubtless resembled the Hetera of the Greeks, and, being educated and
- Chapter I amusing, were far more acceptable as companions than the generality of the
- Chapter II
married or unmarried women of that period. At all times and in all countries,
- Chapter III
there has ever been a little rivalry between the chaste and the unchaste. But
- Chapter IV
while some women are born courtesans, and follow the instincts of their nature
- Chapter V
in every class of society, it has been truly said by some authors that every
woman has got an inkling of the profession in her nature, and does her best, as
q PART IV: ABOUT A a general rule, to make herself agreeable to the male sex.
WIFE
- Chapter I
The subtlety of women, their wonderful perceptive powers, their knowledge,
- Chapter II
and their intuitive appreciation of men and things are all shown in the following
pages, which may be looked upon as a concentrated essence that has been
q PART V: ABOUT THE
since worked up into detail by many writers in every quarter of the globe.
WIVES OF OTHER
PEOPLE
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VI: ABOUT
COURTESANS
- Introductory Remarks -
Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART VI
- Introduction
CHAPTER I
Of the Causes of a Courtesan resorting to Men; of the means of
q PART I:
Attaching to herself the Man desired, and the kind of Man that it is
INTRODUCTORY
desirable to be acquainted with
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV By having intercourse with men courtesans obtain sexual pleasure, as well as
- Chapter V their own maintenance. Now when a courtesan takes up with a man from love,
the action is natural; but when she resorts to him for the purpose of getting
money, her action is artificial or forced. Even in the latter case, however, she
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
should conduct herself as if her love were indeed natural, because men repose
UNION
- Chapter I their confidence on those women who apparently love them. In making known
- Chapter II her love to the man, she should show an entire freedom from avarice, and for
- Chapter III the sake of her future credit she should abstain from acquiring money from him
- Chapter IV by unlawful means.
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI
A courtesan, well dressed and wearing her ornaments, should sit or stand at the
- Chapter VII
door of her house, and, without exposing herself too much, should look on the
- Chapter VIII
public road so as to be seen by the passers by, she being like an object on view
- Chapter IX
for sale. (1) She should form friendships with such persons as would enable her
- Chapter X
to separate men from other women, and attach them to herself, to repair her
own misfortunes, to acquire wealth, and to protect her from being bullied, or
q PART III: ABOUT THE
set upon by persons with whom she may have dealings of some kind or
ACQUISITION OF A
another.
WIFE
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
These persons are:
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
The guards of the town, or the police
- Chapter V q

The officers of the courts of justice
q

Astrologers
q
PART IV: ABOUT A
q
Powerful men, or men with interest
WIFE q

Learned men
- Chapter I q

Teachers of the sixty-four arts
- Chapter II q

Pithamardas or confidants
q

Vitas or parasites
q
PART V: ABOUT THE
q
Vidushakas or jesters
WIVES OF OTHER q

Flower sellers
PEOPLE q
- Chapter I Perfumers
q
- Chapter II Vendors of spirits
q
- Chapter III Washermen
q
- Chapter IV Barbers
q
- Chapter V Beggars
q
- Chapter VI

And such other persons as may be found necessary for the particular object to
PART VI: ABOUT be acquired.
q
COURTESANS
- Introductory Remarks -
The following kinds of men may be taken up with, simply for the purpose of
Chapter I
getting their money:
- Chapter II
q Men of independent income
- Chapter III
q Young men
- Chapter IV
q Men who are free from any ties
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI q Men who hold places of authority under the king

q Men who have secured their means of livelihood without difficulty

q PART VII: ON THE
| previous | content | next |
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART VI
- Introduction
CHAPTER II
Of a Courtesan living with a Man as his Wife
q PART I:
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V


q PART II: ON SEXUAL
UNION
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI
- Chapter VII
- Chapter VIII
- Chapter IX
- Chapter X


q PART III: ABOUT THE
ACQUISITION OF A
WIFE
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V


q PART IV: ABOUT A
WIFE
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


q PART V: ABOUT THE
WIVES OF OTHER
PEOPLE
- Chapter I
When a courtesan is living as a wife with her lover, she should behave like a
- Chapter II
chaste woman, and do everything to his satisfaction. Her duty in this respect, in
- Chapter III
short, is, that she should give him pleasure, but should not become attached to
- Chapter IV
him, though behaving as if she were really attached.
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI
Now the following is the manner in which she is to conduct herself, so as to
accomplish the above mentioned purpose. She should have a mother
q PART VI: ABOUT
dependent on her, one who should be represented as very harsh, and who
COURTESANS
- Introductory Remarks - looked upon money as her chief object in life. In the event of there being no
Chapter I mother, then an old and confidential nurse should play the same role. The
- Chapter II mother or nurse, on their part, should appear to be displeased with the lover,
- Chapter III and forcibly take her away from him. The woman herself should always show
- Chapter IV pretended anger, dejection, fear, and shame on this account, but should not
- Chapter V
disobey the mother or nurse at any time.
- Chapter VI


q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART VI
- Introduction
CHAPTER III
Of the Means of getting Money; of the Signs of a Lover who is beginning
q PART I:
to be Weary, and of the way to get rid of him
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
Money is got out of a lover in two ways:
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV By natural or lawful means, and by artifices. Old authors are of opinion that
- Chapter V when a courtesan can get as much money as she wants from her lover, she
should not make use of artifice. But Vatsyayana lays down that though she may
get some money from him by natural means, yet when she makes use of
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
artifice he gives her doubly more, and therefore artifice should be resorted to
UNION
- Chapter I for the purpose of extorting money from him at all events.
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
Now the artifices to be used for getting money from her lover are as follows:
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
q Taking money from him on different occasions, for the purpose of purchasing
- Chapter VI
various articles, such as ornaments, food, drink, flowers, perfumes and clothes,
- Chapter VII
and either not buying them, or getting from him more than their cost.
- Chapter VIII
q Praising his intelligence to his face.
- Chapter IX
q Pretending to be obliged to make gifts on occasion of festivals connected with
- Chapter X
vows, trees, gardens, temples, or tanks.1
q Pretending that at the time of going to his house, her jewels have been
q PART III: ABOUT THE
stolen either by the king's guards, or by robbers.
ACQUISITION OF A
WIFE q Alleging that her property has been destroyed by fire, by the falling of her
- Chapter I house, or by the carelessness of her servants.
- Chapter II
q Pretending to have lost the ornaments of her lover along with her own.
- Chapter III
q Causing him to hear through other people of the expenses incurred by her in
- Chapter IV
coming to see him.
- Chapter V
q Contracting debts for the sake of her lover.

q Disputing with her mother on account of some expense incurred by her for
q PART IV: ABOUT A her lover, and which was not approved of by her mother.
WIFE q Not going to parties and festivities in the houses of her friends for the want of
- Chapter I
presents to make to them, she having previously informed her lover of the
- Chapter II
valuable presents given to her by these very friends.
q Not performing certain festive rites under the pretence that she has no
q PART V: ABOUT THE money to perform them with.
WIVES OF OTHER
q Engaging artists to do something for her lover.
PEOPLE
q Entertaining physicians and ministers for the purpose of attaining some
- Chapter I
object.
- Chapter II
q Assisting friends and benefactors both on festive occasions, and in
- Chapter III
misfortune.
- Chapter IV
q Performing household rites.
- Chapter V
q Having to pay the expenses of the ceremony of marriage of the son of a
- Chapter VI
female friend.
q Having to satisfy curious wishes including her state of pregnancy.
q PART VI: ABOUT
q Pretending to be ill, and charging her cost of treatment.
COURTESANS
q Having to remove the troubles of a friend.
- Introductory Remarks -
q Selling some of her ornaments, so as to give her lover a present.
Chapter I
q Pretending to sell some of her ornaments, furniture, or cooking utensils to a
- Chapter II
trader, who has been already tutored how to behave in the matter.
- Chapter III
q Having to buy cooking utensils of greater value than those of other people, so
- Chapter IV
that they might be more easily distinguished, and not changed for others of an
- Chapter V
inferior description.
- Chapter VI
q Remembering the former favours of her lover, and causing them always to be

spoken of by her friends and followers.
q PART VII: ON THE
q Informing her lover of the great gains of other courtesans.
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
q Describing before them, and in the presence of her lover, her own great
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I gains, and making them out to be greater even than theirs, though such may
- Chapter II not have been really the case.

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CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART VI
- Introduction
CHAPTER IV
About a Reunion with a former Lover
q PART I:
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
When a courtesan abandons her present lover after all his wealth is exhausted,
- Chapter II
she may then consider about her reunion with a former lover. But she should
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV return to him only if he has acquired fresh wealth, or is still wealthy, and if he is
- Chapter V still attached to her. And if this man be living at the time with some other
woman she should consider well before she acts.
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
UNION
Now such a man can only be in one of the six following conditions:
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
He may have left the first woman of his own accord, and may even have left
- Chapter III q

another woman since then.
- Chapter IV
q He may have been driven away from both women.
- Chapter V
q He may have left the one woman of her own accord, and been driven away
- Chapter VI
by the other.
- Chapter VII
q He may have left the one woman of his own accord, and be living with
- Chapter VIII
another woman.
- Chapter IX
q He may have been driven away from the one woman, and left the other of his
- Chapter X
own accord.
q He may have been driven away by the one woman, and may be living with
q PART III: ABOUT THE
another.
ACQUISITION OF A
WIFE
- Chapter I
Now if the man has left both women of his own accord, he should not be
- Chapter II
resorted to, on account of the fickleness of his mind, and his indifference to the
- Chapter III
excellences of both of them. As regards the man who may have been driven
- Chapter IV
away from both women, if he has been driven away from the last one because
- Chapter V
the woman could get more money from some other man, then he should be
resorted to, for if attached to the first woman he would give her more money,
q PART IV: ABOUT A
through vanity and emulation to spite the other woman. But if he has been
WIFE
driven away by the woman on account of his poverty, or stinginess, he should
- Chapter I
not then be resorted to.
- Chapter II


In the case of the man who may have left the one woman of his own accord,
PART V: ABOUT THE
q
and been driven away by the other, if he agrees to return to the former and
WIVES OF OTHER
PEOPLE give her plenty of money beforehand, then he should be resorted to.
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
In the case of the man who may have left the one woman of his own accord,
- Chapter III
and be living with another woman, the former (wishing to take up with him
- Chapter IV
again) should first ascertain if he left her in the first instance in the hope of
- Chapter V
finding some particular excellence in the other woman, and that not having
- Chapter VI
found any such excellence, he was willing to come back to her, and to give her
much money on account of his conduct, and on account of his affection still
q PART VI: ABOUT
existing for her.
COURTESANS
- Introductory Remarks -
Chapter I Or, whether, having discovered many faults in the other woman, he would now
- Chapter II see even more excellences in herself than actually exist, and would be prepared
- Chapter III to give her much money for these qualities.
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI
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q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART VI
- Introduction
CHAPTER V
Of different kinds of Gain
PART I:
q
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
When a courtesan is able to realize much money every day, by reason of many
- Chapter II
customers, she should not confine herself to a single lover; under such
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV circumstances, she should fix her rate for one night, after considering the place,
- Chapter V the season, and the condition of the people, and having regard to her own good
qualities and good looks, and after comparing her rates with those of other
courtesans. She can inform her lovers, and friends, and acquaintances about
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
these charges. If, however, she can obtain a great gain from a single lover, she
UNION
- Chapter I may resort to him alone, and live with him like a wife.
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
Now the sages are of opinion that, when a courtesan has the chance of an equal
- Chapter IV
gain from two lovers at the same time, a preference should be given to the one
- Chapter V
who would give her the kind of thing which she wants. But Vatsyayana says
- Chapter VI
that the preference should be given to the one who gives her gold, because it
- Chapter VII
cannot be taken back like some other things, it can be easily received, and is
- Chapter VIII
also the means of procuring anything that may be wished for. Of such things as
- Chapter IX
gold, silver, copper, bell metal, iron, pots, furniture, beds, upper garments,
- Chapter X
under vestments, fragrant substances, vessels made of gourds, ghee, oil, corn,
cattle, and other things of a like nature, the first - gold - is superior to all the
q PART III: ABOUT THE
others.
ACQUISITION OF A
WIFE
- Chapter I When the same labour is required to gain any two lovers, or when the same
- Chapter II
kind of thing is to be got from each of them, the choice should be made by the
- Chapter III
advice of a friend, or it may be made from their personal qualities, or from the
- Chapter IV
signs of good or bad fortune that may be connected with them.
- Chapter V

When there are two lovers, one of whom is attached to the courtesan, and the
PART IV: ABOUT A
q
other is simply very generous, the sages say that the preference should be
WIFE
given to the generous lover, but Vatsyayana is of opinion that the one who is
- Chapter I
really attached to the courtesan should be preferred, because he can be made
- Chapter II
to be generous, even as a miser gives money if he becomes fond of a woman,
but a mail who is simply generous cannot be made to love with real
q PART V: ABOUT THE
attachment. But among those who are attached to her, if there is one who is
WIVES OF OTHER
poor, and one who is rich, the preference is of course to be given to the latter.
PEOPLE
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
When there are two lovers, one of whom is generous, and the other ready to do
- Chapter III
any service for the courtesan, some sages say that the one who is ready to do
- Chapter IV
the service should be preferred, but Vatsyayana is of opinion that a man who
- Chapter V
does a service thinks that he has gained his object when he has done
- Chapter VI
something once, but a generous man does not care for what he has given
before. Even here the choice should be guided by the likelihood of the future
q PART VI: ABOUT good to be derived from her union with either of them.
COURTESANS
- Introductory Remarks -
Chapter I
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- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART VI
- Introduction
CHAPTER VI
Of Gains and Losses, attendant Gains and Losses, and Doubts; and
q PART I:
lastly, the different kinds of Courtesans
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
It sometimes happens that while gains are being sought for, or expected to be
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV realized, losses only are the result of our efforts. The causes of these losses
- Chapter V are:
q Weakness of intellect

q Excessive love
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
q Excessive pride
UNION
- Chapter I q Excessive self conceit
- Chapter II q Excessive simplicity
- Chapter III q Excessive confidence
- Chapter IV q Excessive anger
- Chapter V q Carelessness
- Chapter VI
q Recklessness
- Chapter VII
q Influence of evil genius
- Chapter VIII
q Accidental circumstances
- Chapter IX
- Chapter X
The results of these losses are:
q Expense incurred without any result
q PART III: ABOUT THE
q Destruction of future good fortune
ACQUISITION OF A
q Stoppage of gains about to be realized
WIFE
q Loss of what is already obtained
- Chapter I
q Acquisition of a sour temper
- Chapter II
q Becoming unamiable to every body
- Chapter III
q Injury to health
- Chapter IV
q Loss of hair and other accidents
- Chapter V


q PART IV: ABOUT A Now gain is of three kinds: gain of wealth, gain of religious merit, and gain of
WIFE pleasure; and similarly loss is of three kinds: loss of wealth, loss of religious
- Chapter I
merit, and loss of pleasure. At the time when gains are sought for, if other
- Chapter II
gains come along with them, these are called attendant gains. When gain is
uncertain, the doubt of its being a gain is called a simple doubt. When there is a
q PART V: ABOUT THE doubt whether either of two things will happen or not, it is called a mixed
WIVES OF OTHER
doubt. If while one thing is being done two results take place, it is called a
PEOPLE
combination of two results, and if several results follow from the same action, it
- Chapter I
is called a combination of results on every side.
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
We shall now give examples of the above.
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI
As already stated, gain is of three kinds, and loss, which is opposed to gain, is
also of three kinds.
q PART VI: ABOUT
COURTESANS
When by living with a great man a courtesan acquires present wealth, and in
- Introductory Remarks -
addition to this becomes acquainted with other people, and thus obtains a
Chapter I
chance of future fortune, and an accession of wealth, and becomes desirable to
- Chapter II
all, this is called a gain of wealth attended by other gain.
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V When by living with a man a courtesan simply gets money, this is called a gain
- Chapter VI of wealth not attended by any other gain.

q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
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OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART VII
- Introduction
CHAPTER I
On Personal Adornment, subjugating the hearts of others, and of tonic
q PART I:
medicines
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
When a person fails to obtain the object of his desires by any of the ways
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV previously related, he should then have recourse to other ways of attracting
- Chapter V others to himself.

q PART II: ON SEXUAL Now good looks, good qualities, youth, and liberality are the chief and most
UNION
natural means of making a person agreeable in the eyes of others. But in the
- Chapter I
absence of these a man or a woman must have resort to artificial means, or to
- Chapter II
art, and the following are some recipes that may be found useful.
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
An ointment made of the tabernamontana coronaria, the costus speciosus or
- Chapter V
arabicus, and the flacourtia cataphracta, can be used as an unguent of
- Chapter VI
adornment.
- Chapter VII
- Chapter VIII
- Chapter IX
If a fine powder is made of the above plants, and applied to the wick of a lamp,
- Chapter X
which is made to burn with the oil of blue vitrol, the black pigment or lamp
black produced therefrom, when applied to the eyelashes, has the effect of
q PART III: ABOUT THE making a person look lovely.
ACQUISITION OF A
WIFE
The oil of the hogweed, the echites putescens, the sarina plant, the yellow
- Chapter I
amaranth, and the leaf of the nymphae, if applied to the body, has the same
- Chapter II
effect.
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
A black pigment from the same plants produces a similar effect.

q PART IV: ABOUT A
By eating the powder of the nelumbrium speciosum, the blue lotus, and the
WIFE
mesna roxburghii, with ghee and honey, a man becomes lovely in the eyes of
- Chapter I
others.
- Chapter II


The above things, together with the tabernamontana coronaria, and the
PART V: ABOUT THE
q
xanthochymus pictorius, if used as an ointment, produce the same results.
WIVES OF OTHER
PEOPLE
- Chapter I
If the bone of a peacock or of a hyena be covered with gold, and tied on the
- Chapter II
right hand, it makes a man lovely in the eyes of other people.
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
In the same way, if a bead, made of the seed of the jujube, or of the conch
- Chapter V
shell, be enchanted by the incantations mentioned in the Atharvana Veda, or by
- Chapter VI
the incantations of those well skilled in the science of magic, and tied on the
hand, it produces the same result as described above.
q PART VI: ABOUT
COURTESANS
- Introductory Remarks -
When a female attendant arrives at the age of puberty, her master should keep
Chapter I
her secluded, and when men ardently desire her on account of her seclusion,
- Chapter II
and on account of the difficulty of approaching her, he should then bestow her

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