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. 4
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>>

if your employees have a choice of health plans, you might present the pros and
cons of each and then leave it to each employee to make a selection.
¦ Audience makes a group decision. This is the kind of presentation that scares a
lot of people. You face a group of people who will confer and make a single
decision based on the information you present. Most sales pitches fall into this
category. You might be explaining your product to a group of managers, for
example, to try to get their company to buy it.
Think about these factors carefully and try to come up with a single statement that
summarizes your audience and purpose. Here are some examples:
¦ I am presenting to 100 factory workers to explain their new health insurance choices
and teach them how to fill out the necessary forms.
¦ I am presenting to a group of 6 to 10 midlevel managers, trying to get them to decide
as a group to buy my product.
¦ I am presenting to a group of 20 professors to convince at least some of them to use
my company™s textbooks in their classes.
¦ I am presenting to individual Internet users to explain how my company™s service
works.
Let™s take that first example. Figure 5-1 shows some notes that a presenter might take when
preparing to explain information about employee benefits enrollment to a group of factory
workers. Jot down your own notes before moving to Step 2.
Part I ¦ Getting Functional with Office 2003
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Figure 5-1: Make notes about your presentation™s purpose and audience.



Step 2: Choosing Your Presentation Method
You essentially have three ways to present your presentation to your audience, and you need
to pick the way you™re going to use up front. They include speaker-led, self-running, and
user-interactive. Within each of those three broad categories, you have some additional
choices. Before you start creating the presentation in PowerPoint, you should know which
method you are going to use because it makes a big difference in the text and other objects
you put on the slides.
Chapter 5 ¦ Developing Your PowerPoint Action Plan 105


Speaker-led presentations
The speaker-led presentation is the traditional type of presentation: you stand up in front of a
live audience (or one connected through teleconferencing) and give a speech. The slides you
create in PowerPoint become your support materials. The primary message comes from you;
the slides and handouts are just helpers. See Figure 5-2.




Figure 5-2: In a speaker-led presentation, the speaker is the main attraction; the slides
and handouts do not have to carry the burden.

With this kind of presentation, your slides don™t have to tell the whole story. Each slide can
contain just a few main points, and you can flesh out each point in your discussion. In fact,
this kind of presentation works best when your slides don™t contain a lot of information,
because people pay more attention to you, the speaker, if they™re not trying to read at the
same time. For example, instead of listing the top five reasons to switch to your service, you
might have a slide that just reads: Why Switch? Five Reasons. The audience has to listen to
you to find out what the reasons are.
This kind of presentation also requires some special planning. For example, do you want to
send each audience member home with handouts? If so, you need to prepare them. They may
or may not be identical to your PowerPoint slides; that™s up to you.
You also need to learn how to handle PowerPoint™s presentation controls, which is the subject
of an entire chapter in Wiley™s PowerPoint 2003 Bible. It can be really embarrassing to be
fiddling with the computer controls in the middle of a speech, so you should practice,
practice, practice ahead of time.
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Self-running presentations
With a self-running presentation, all the rules change. Instead of using the slides as teasers or
support materials, you must make the slides carry the entire show. All the information must
be right there, because you won™t be looking over the audience™s shoulders with helpful
narration. See Figure 5-3.




Figure 5-3: In a self-running presentation, the slides carry the entire burden because
there are no handouts and no live speaker.

In general, self-running presentations are presented to individuals or very small groups.
For example, you might set up a kiosk in a busy lobby or a booth at a trade show and
have a brief (say, five slides) presentation constantly running that explains your product
or service.
Because there is no dynamic human being keeping the audience™s attention, self-running
presentations must include attention-getting features. Sounds, video clips, interesting
transitions, and prerecorded narratives are all good ways to attract viewers. Part III of this
book explains how to use sounds, videos, and other moving objects in a presentation to
add interest.
You must also consider the timing with a self-running presentation. Because there is no
way for a viewer to tell the presentation, “Okay, I™m done reading this slide; bring on the
next one,” you must carefully plan how long each slide will remain on-screen. This kind
of timing requires some practice!
Chapter 5 ¦ Developing Your PowerPoint Action Plan 107


User-interactive presentations
A user-interactive presentation is like a self-running one except the viewer has some
input, as in Figure 5-4. Rather than standing by passively as the slides advance, the viewer
can tell PowerPoint when to advance a slide. Depending on the presentation™s setup,
viewers may also be able to skip around in the presentation (perhaps to skip over topics
they™re not interested in) and request more information. This type of presentation is
typically addressed to a single user at a time, rather than a group.




Figure 5-4: In a user-interactive presentation, the audience chooses when to advance
slides and what to see next. It typically requires more time to prepare because you must
account for all possible user choices.

This kind of presentation is most typically distributed over the Internet, a company
intranet, or via CD. The user runs it using either PowerPoint or a free program called
PowerPoint Viewer that you can provide for download. You can also translate a
PowerPoint presentation to HTML format (the native format for World Wide Web pages),
so that anyone with a Web browser can view it. However, presentations lose a lot of their
cool features when you do that (such as the sound and video clips), so consider the
decision carefully.
Part I ¦ Getting Functional with Office 2003
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Step 3: Choosing Your Delivery Method
Whereas the presentation method is the general conceptual way the audience interacts with
the information, the delivery method is the way that you deliver that interaction. It™s a subtle
but important difference. For example, suppose you have decided that speaker-led is your
presentation method. That™s the big picture, but how will you deliver it? Will you present
from a computer, or use 35mm slides, or overhead transparencies, or just plain old
handouts? All of those fall under the big umbrella of “speaker-led.”
PowerPoint gives you a lot of options for delivery method. Some of these are appropriate
mainly for speaker-led shows; others can be used for any presentation method. Here are
some of the choices:
¦ Computer show through PowerPoint. You can use PowerPoint™s View Show
feature to play the slides on the computer screen. You can hook up a larger, external
monitor to the PC so that the audience can see it better if needed. This requires that
PowerPoint (or the PowerPoint Viewer utility) be installed on the computer at the
presentation site. This works for speaker-led, self-running, or user-interactive shows.
¦ Computer show through a Web site. You can save your presentation in Web
format and then publish it to a Web site. You can use this for speaker-led, self-
running, or user-interactive shows, and no special software is required§just a Web
browser. However, you lose some of the cool graphical effects, including some
transitions and animation effects. Web delivery is used mostly for user-interactive
or self-running shows.
¦ Computer show on CD. You can create a CD containing the presentation and the
PowerPoint Viewer utility. The presentation starts automatically whenever the
CD is inserted into a PC. This would be most useful for user-interactive or self-
running shows.
¦ 35mm slides. For a speaker-led presentation, 35mm slides can be created. They
look good, but they require a slide projector and viewing screen, and don™t show
up well in a room with much light. You also, of course, lose all the special effects
such as animations and sounds. 35mm slides are for speaker-led shows only, as
are the next two options.
¦ Overhead transparencies. If you don™t have a computer or a slide projector
available for your speaker-led show, you might be forced to use an old-fashioned
overhead projector. You can create overhead transparencies on most printers. (Be
careful that the type you buy are designed to work with your type of printer!
Transparencies designed for inkjet printers will melt in a laser printer.)
¦ Paper. The last resort, if there is no projection media available whatsoever, is to
distribute your slides to the audience on paper. You will want to give them
handouts, but the handouts should be a supplement to an on-screen show, not the
main show themselves, if possible.

For more information on incorporating any of these delivery methods in your PowerPoint pre-
Note
sentation, see Wiley™s PowerPoint 2003 Bible, which covers everything in detail.
Chapter 5 ¦ Developing Your PowerPoint Action Plan 109


Step 4: Choosing the Appropriate Template
and Design
PowerPoint comes with so many presentation templates and designs that you™re sure to find
one that™s appropriate for your situation. PowerPoint provides three levels of help in this
arena. You can use an AutoContent Wizard to work through a series of dialog boxes that
help you create a presentation based on a presentation template, you can apply a design
template, or you can work from scratch.
PowerPoint includes two kinds of templates: presentation templates and design templates.
Presentation templates contain sample text and sample formatting appropriate to certain
situations. For example, there are several presentation templates that can help you sell a
product or service. The AutoContent Wizard is the best way to choose a presentation template.
If you want to take advantage of the sample text provided by a presentation template, you
should make sure you choose one that™s appropriate. PowerPoint includes dozens, so you
should take some time going through them to understand the full range of options before
making your decision. Remember, once you™ve started a presentation using one presentation
template, you can™t change to another without starting over.
A design template, in contrast, is just a combination of fonts, colors, and graphics, and you
can apply a different design to any presentation at any time. Therefore, it™s not as crucial to
select the correct design up front, because you can play with these elements later.

You aren™t stuck with the color scheme or design that comes with a particular presentation
Tip template. If you like the sample text in one presentation template and the design in another,
start with the one containing the good sample text. Then borrow the design from the other one
later. Each design comes with several alternative color schemes, so pick the design first, and
then the color scheme.

Generally speaking, your choice of design should depend on the audience and the way you
plan to present. Here are some suggestions:
¦ To make an audience feel good or relaxed about a topic, use blues and greens. To
get an audience excited and happy, use reds and yellows. For slides you plan to
project on a slide screen or show on a PC, use high contrast, such as dark back-
grounds with light lettering or light backgrounds with dark lettering. For slides you
plan to print and hand out, dark on white is better.
¦ For readability in print, use serif fonts like Times New Roman. For readability
onscreen, or for a casual, modern feel, use sans-serif fonts like Arial.
¦ The farther away from the screen the audience will be, the larger you need to make
the lettering.
¦ It™s best if all slides use the same design and color scheme, but there may be
exceptions when your interests are best served by breaking that rule. For example,
you might shake things up midway through a presentation by showing a key slide
with a different color background.
Part I ¦ Getting Functional with Office 2003
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Step 5: Developing the Content
Only after you have made all the decisions in Steps 1 through 4 can you start developing
your content in a real PowerPoint presentation. This is the point at which Chapter 6 of
the PowerPoint 2003 Bible picks up, guiding you through creating the file and
organizing slides.
Then comes the work of writing the text for each slide, which most people prefer to do in
Normal view. Type the text on the outline or on the text placeholder on the slide itself,
reformat it as needed to make certain bits of it special (for example, setting a key phrase in
bold or italics), and you™re ready to roll.
Developing your content may include more than just typing text. Your content may
include charts (created in PowerPoint or imported from another program, such as Excel),
pictures, and other elements.

Step 6: Creating the Visual Image
The term visual image refers to the overall impression that the audience gets from watching
the presentation. You create a polished, professional impression by making small tweaks to
your presentation after you have the content down pat.
You can enhance the visual image by making minor adjustments to the slide™s design.
For example, you can give a dark slide a warmer feel by using bright yellow instead of
white for lettering. Repositioning a company logo and making it larger may make the
headings look less lonely. WordArt can be used to take the place of regular text,
especially on a title slide (as in Figures 5-5 and 5-6). A product picture may be more
attractive in a larger size or with a different-colored mat around it. All of these little
touches take practice and experience.




Figure 5-5: The look of this sparsely populated page can be easily improved.
Chapter 5 ¦ Developing Your PowerPoint Action Plan 111




Figure 5-6: Using WordArt allows this page to make a sharper impact.

Audiences like consistency. They like things they can rely on, like a repeated company logo
on every slide, accurate page numbering on handouts, and the title appearing in exactly the
same spot on every slide. You can create a consistent visual image by enforcing such rules in
your presentation development. It™s easier than you might think, because PowerPoint
provides a Slide Master specifically for images and text that should repeat on each slide.


Step 7: Adding Multimedia Effects
If you™re creating a self-running presentation, multimedia effects can be extremely
important for developing audience interest. Flashy videos and soundtracks can make even
the most boring product fun to hear about. How about a trumpet announcing the arrival of
your new product on the market, or a video of your CEO explaining the reasoning behind
the recent merger?

Even if you are going to be speaking live, you still might want to incorporate some multimedia
elements in your show. Be careful, however, not to let them outshine you or appear gratuitous.
Caution
Be aware of your audience (see Step 1), and remember that older and higher-level managers
want less flash and more substance.

All kinds of presentations can benefit from animations and transitions on the slides.
Animations are simple movements of the objects on a slide. For example, you might make
the bullet points on a list fly onto the page one at a time so you can discuss each one on its
own. When the next one flies in, the previous ones can turn a different color so the current
one stands out. Or you might animate a picture of a car so that it appears to “drive onto”
the slide, accompanied by the sound of an engine revving. You can also animate charts by
making data series appear one at a time, so it looks like the chart is building.
Transitions are animated ways of moving from slide to slide. The most basic and boring
transition is to simply remove one slide from the screen and replace it with another, but you
can use all kinds of alternative effects like zooming the new slide in; sliding it from the top,
bottom, left, or right; or creating a fade in transition effect.
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Step 8: Creating the Handouts and Notes
This step is applicable only for speaker-led presentations. With a live audience, you may want
to provide handouts so they can follow along. The handouts can be verbatim copies of your
slides, or they can be abbreviated versions with just the most basic information included as a
memory-jogger. Handouts can be either black and white or color.
PowerPoint provides several handout formats. You can print from one to nine slides per
printout, with or without lines for the audience to write additional notes. Figure 5-7 shows a
typical page from a set of audience handouts.




Figure 5-7: A live audience will appreciate having handouts to help them follow along
with the presentation and remember the content later.
Chapter 5 ¦ Developing Your PowerPoint Action Plan 113


A continual debate rages in the professional speakers™ community over when to give out hand-
Tip
outs. Some people feel that if you distribute handouts before the presentation, people will read
them and not listen to the presentation. Others feel that if you wait until after the presentation to
distribute the handouts, people will frantically try to take their own notes during the presentation
or will not follow the ideas as easily. There™s no real right or wrong, it seems, so distribute them
whenever it makes the most sense for your situation.

As the speaker, you may need your own special set of handouts with your own notes that
the audience should not see. PowerPoint calls these Notes Pages, and there is a special
view for creating them. (You can also enter notes directly into the Notes pane in Normal
view.). Notes, like handouts, are covered in Chapter 24 of Wiley™s PowerPoint 2003 Bible.


Step 9: Rehearsing the Presentation
No matter which type of presentation you are creating (speaker-led, self-running, or user-
interactive), you need to rehearse it. The goals for rehearsing, however, are different for
each type.

Rehearsing a live presentation
When you rehearse a live presentation, you check the presentation slides to ensure they are
complete, accurate, and in the right order. You may need to rearrange them and hide some of
them for backup-only use.
You should also rehearse using PowerPoint™s presentation controls that display each slide on
a monitor and let you move from slide to slide, take notes, assign action items, and even
draw directly on a slide. Make sure you know how to back up, how to jump to the beginning
or end, and how to display one of your backup slides.

Rehearsing a self-running presentation
With a speaker-led presentation, the presenter can fix any glitches that pop up or explain
away any errors. With a self-running presentation, you don™t have that luxury. The
presentation itself is your emissary. Therefore, you must go over and over it, checking it
many times to make sure it is perfect before distributing it. Nothing is worse than a self-
running presentation that doesn™t run, or one that contains an embarrassing error.
The most important feature in a self-running presentation is timing. You must make the
presentation pause the correct amount of time for the audience to be able to read the text on
each slide. The pause must be long enough so that even slow readers can catch it all, but
short enough so that fast readers do not get bored. Can you see how difficult this can be to
make perfect?
PowerPoint has a Rehearse Timings feature (Figure 5-8) designed to help you with this task.
It lets you show the slides and advance them manually after the correct amount of time has
passed. The Rehearse Timings feature records how much time you spend on each slide and
Part I ¦ Getting Functional with Office 2003
114

gives you a report so you can modify the timing if necessary. For example, suppose you are
working on a presentation that is supposed to last 10 minutes, but with your timings, it
comes out to only 9 minutes. You can add additional time for each slide to stretch it out to
fill the full 10 minutes.




Figure 5-8: You can rehearse timings so your audience has enough time to read the
slides but doesn™t get bored waiting for the next one.

You may also want to record voice-over narration for your presentation. You can rehearse
this too, to make sure that the voice matches the slide it is supposed to describe (which is
absolutely crucial, as you can imagine!).

Rehearsing a user-interactive presentation
In a user-interactive presentation, you provide the readers with on-screen buttons they can
click to move through the presentation, so timing is not an issue. The crucial factor with a
user-interactive presentation is link accuracy. Each button on each slide is a link. When
Chapter 5 ¦ Developing Your PowerPoint Action Plan 115

your readers click a button for the next slide, it had better darned well take them to the
next slide and not to somewhere else. And if you include a hyperlink to a Web address on
the Internet, when the readers click it, the Web browser should open and that page should
appear. If the hyperlink contains a typo and the readers see File Not Found instead of
the Web page, the error reflects poorly on you.
If you are planning to distribute your presentation via the Internet, you have a big decision
to make. You can distribute the presentation in its native PowerPoint format and preserve
all its whiz-bang features like animations and videos. However, not everyone on the
Internet owns a copy of PowerPoint, obviously, so you limit your audience. PowerPoint
supplies a free program called the PowerPoint Viewer that you can post for downloading
on your Web page, but not everyone will take the time to download and install that, so you
may turn off potential viewers before you start.
The other option is to save the presentation in HTML (Web) format. When you save in
HTML format, you convert each of the slides to a Web page, and you add links (if you
didn™t already have them) that move from slide to slide. You lose many of the animations,
transitions, sounds, videos, any animated graphics, and some other extras, but you retain
your text and most static elements of the presentation. The advantage is that everyone with
a Web browser can view your presentation with no special downloads or setup.


Step 10: Giving the Presentation
For a user-interactive or self-running presentation, giving the presentation is somewhat
anticlimactic. You just make it available and the users come get it. Yawn.
However, for a speaker-led presentation, giving the speech is the highlight, the pinnacle, of
the process. If you™ve done a good job rehearsing, you are already familiar with
PowerPoint™s presentation controls. Be prepared to back up, to skip ahead, to answer
questions by displaying hidden slides, and to pause the whole thing (and black out the
screen) so you can hold a tangential discussion.
What remains then? Nothing except setting up the room and overcoming your stage fright.


Step 11: Assessing Your Success and Refining
Your Work
If giving a presentation was a one-time thing for you ” great. It™s over, and you never
have to think about it again. But more likely, you will have to give another presentation
someday, somewhere, so don™t drive the experience out of your mind just yet. Perhaps you
learned something that might be useful to you later?
Immediately after the presentation, while it is still fresh in your mind, jot down your
responses to these questions. Then keep them on file to refer to later, the next time you
have to do a presentation!
Part I ¦ Getting Functional with Office 2003
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¦ Did the colors and design of the slides seem appropriate?
¦ Could everyone in the audience read the slides easily?
¦ Did the audience look mostly at you, at the screen, or at the handouts? Was that
what you intended?
¦ Did the audience try to take notes as you were speaking? If so, did you give them
handouts with note-taking lines to write on?
¦ Was the length of the presentation appropriate? Did the audience get bored or
restless at any point?
¦ Were there any slides that you wished you had prepared but didn™t?
¦ Were there any slides that you would omit if you were doing it over?
¦ Did your speaker notes give you enough help that you could speak with authority?
¦ Did the transitions and animations add to the entertainment value, or were they
distracting or corny?
¦ Did the sound and video clips play with adequate quality? Were they appropriate
and useful?


Summary
Creating effective PowerPoint presentations requires more than just knowing the software. It
requires careful planning and step-by-step preparation. In this chapter, you learned about the
steps you need to take, from start to finish, to assemble the PowerPoint slides for your next
great success:
¦ Step 1: Identify your audience and purpose. No flip answers are acceptable here;
spend some time thinking about the right answers.
¦ Step 2: Choose your presentation method. Will you give a live, speaker-led show,
distribute it online, or set up a self-running kiosk show?
¦ Step 3: Choose your delivery method. Will you deliver with a 35mm projector?
With a computer? With overhead transparencies? Over the Internet?
¦ Step 4: Choose a template and design. PowerPoint comes with dozens of profes-
sional-quality templates, some of which include sample text. Choose the one that
matches your answers in Steps 1 and 2.
¦ Step 5: Develop the content. Flash is useless without substance. Create the text for
your presentation in Outline view in PowerPoint or import an outline from Word.
¦ Step 6: Create the visual image. Polish your presentation design by making sure
that the slides are attractive and consistent.
¦ Step 7: Add multimedia effects. Only after the content and overall image are solid
should you add extras like sound, video, transition, and animation.
Chapter 5 ¦ Developing Your PowerPoint Action Plan 117

¦ Step 8: Create handouts and notes. If you are giving a live presentation, you may
want notes for yourself (speaker notes) and notes for your audience (handouts).
¦ Step 9: Rehearse. Run through your presentation several times to make sure it is
free from embarrassing mistakes. If necessary, add timing controls and voice-over
narratives.
¦ Step 10: Give the presentation. Take a deep breath and imagine the audience in
their underwear! If you™re familiar with PowerPoint™s presentation controls, you™ll
do fine.
¦ Step 11: Review and revise your work. There™s always room for improvement.
Analyze your performance to make the next one even better.
¦ ¦ ¦
6
CHAPTER



Introducing
Publisher
. . . .

In This Chapter

O nce upon a time, it took designers, typesetters, and complex
Exploring the Publisher
mechanical equipment to turn out a published document,
workspace
especially if it featured pictures, fancy typefaces, and color. Today,
thanks to computers, every desktop is a full-featured print shop,
Using Publication
with designers, typesetters, and printing equipment within arm™s
Designs
reach ” at least, it is if it has a computer with desktop publishing
software installed.
Adding text
You can achieve a lot of desktop publishing effects with Word and
PowerPoint, but if you really want your publications to look their
Inserting and formatting
best, you need a dedicated desktop publishing program. One of the
graphics
best is Microsoft Publisher, and this chapter will get you familiar
with the basics.
Working with tables

The Publisher Workspace . . . .

Publisher shares a basic look with other Microsoft Office
applications, but it™s still worthwhile taking a quick look at the
Publisher workspace before you begin trying to use the application.
When you first start Publisher, you™ll see a Start page that tells you
“To get started, select an option in the list.” The list referred to is
the New Publication task pane, which offers you the option of
creating a new publication based on one of the designs included
with Publisher (you can choose from Publications for Print, Web
Sites and E-mail, Design Sets or Blank Publications), creating a
new Blank Print Publication or Blank Web Page, or creating a new
publication based on an existing publication.

The “Create a new publication based on an existing publication”
option won™t do you much good if this is the first time you™ve in-
Note
stalled Publisher on your machine, because you won™t have any
existing publications.
Part I ¦ Getting Functional with Office 2003
120

For now, click on the Blank Print Publication link under the New area. This opens a default
blank document in Publisher™s workspace, similar to Figure 6-1. The various components of
the workspace are labeled in that figure.




Figure 6-1: Publisher™s workspace is similar to that of other Office applications.

The main features of the workspace are the page area (the white rectangle) and the scratch
area (the gray area surrounding the page area). The page area is where you place the text,
graphics, and so forth that you want to appear in the final publication; the scratch area is a
virtual desktop where you can drag items when you want to get them out of the way or store
them for later use.
To the left of the scratch area is a task pane. You™ll see many different task panes as you work
with Publisher; as with other Office applications, they offer you a variety of options related to
whatever task you™re currently undertaking. In Figure 6-1, the Publication Designs task pane
is open.
Framing the top and left sides of the workspace are the vertical and horizontal rulers, which
help you position items precisely.
Chapter 6 ¦ Introducing Publisher 121

Like most Office applications, Publisher displays the Standard and Formatting toolbars by
default. The Standard toolbar is directly under the menu bar, and the Formatting toolbar is
directly under that.
Publisher also has a special toolbar called the Objects toolbar, which runs vertically down the
left side of the workspace. These tools let you create what Publisher calls objects, which
include text boxes, picture frames, WordArt, tables, lines, shapes, and Web-specific objects
such as hotspots, form controls, and HTML code fragments.
Down the right side of the workspace, the Picture toolbar is displayed by default. It offers
tools for inserting and working with pictures, including a cropping tool, color, brightness and
contrast controls, and text wrapping controls.
Among the tools on the Standard toolbar are the Zoom controls. The Zoom list box lets you
choose how large you want the display of your page to be; in addition to specific percentages
of full size, it offers you the choice to view the whole page, the full width of the page, or to
zoom in to a selected object. You can zoom in and out a step at a time by using the Zoom In
and Zoom Out buttons, marked with a plus and minus sign, respectively.
At the bottom of the workspace is the status bar, which provides precise information about
the location of the pointer and the dimensions of objects that are currently selected. As well, it
shows a numbered icon for each page in the publication; you can jump from page to page just
by clicking on its icon.


Using Publication Designs
Whenever you start Publisher, the Start page offers you the opportunity to work from a
publication design. The four options are Publications for Print, Web Sites and E-mail, Design
Sets and Blank Publications.
These pre-designed publications are organized in two different ways. You can browse through
them by publication type (by selecting Publications for Print or Web Sites and E-mail), or you
can browse through them by their overall design (by choosing Design Sets). You can also
select one of a number of blank publications by choosing Blank Publications.
The four main categories are broken down into many subcategories. For instance, if you click
on Web Sites and E-mail, you open a submenu offering you Web Sites and E-mail. If you
then choose Web Sites, you™re offered four more choices: Easy Web Site Builder, 3-Page Web
Site, Product Sales and Professional Services.
Notice that each publication in the gallery has a name, for example, “Accent Box Services
Web Site” or “Floating Oval Services Web Site.” The latter part of the name refers to the type
of publication; the first part refers to the style in which the publication is designed.
If you click on the Design Set option, and you™re your way down through the sub-menu to the
individual design sets, you™ll see all the publication designs available within each one (see
Figure 6-2).
Part I ¦ Getting Functional with Office 2003
122




Figure 6-2: Browsing by Design Sets shows you all the publications available that use a
certain basic design.


In addition to Master Sets, which are based on common graphic elements, fonts, and so forth,
Publisher offers special design sets based around common themes: Personal Stationery Sets,
Note
Special Event Sets, Fund-raiser Sets, Holiday Sets, We™ve Moved Sets, Restaurant Sets and
Special Paper. If you™re looking for something that falls within those themes, look there first.

As previously mentioned, you also have the option of starting a publication from scratch
by choosing Blank Publication from the New option on the design list, or Blank Print
Publication or Blank Web Page from the New area of the New Publication task pane.
Additionally, you can create a new publication based on an existing publication by
choosing “From existing publication” in the New area. This opens a copy of an existing
publication, which you can then modify and save without affecting the original
publication it is based on. Finally, you can simply open an existing publication that you
intend to alter.
Chapter 6 ¦ Introducing Publisher 123


Working with Text
The primary components of any publication are text and graphics, so the rest of this chapter
looks at how you insert and manipulate text and graphics in Publisher ” beginning with text.

Typing in text
Once you have opened or created a Publisher publication, to type new text into it, follow
these steps:
1. Click the Text Box button at the top of the Objects toolbar.
2. Your pointer changes to a crosshairs; use this to draw a box where you want the text
to appear.
3. Type your text into the frame just as if you were typing a document in Word (see
Figure 6-3).




Figure 6-3: Typing text into a Publisher text box is as easy as typing in Word.
Part I ¦ Getting Functional with Office 2003
124

If you run out of space, you can resize your text box by clicking and dragging the handles that
surround it. A text box can hold more text than is visible. If you reduce the size of the frame,
some text disappears but it isn™t lost; expanding the text box makes it visible again.

New in Publisher 2003 is the option to insert a Vertical Text Box (that™s the button directly under
Note
the Text Box button on the Objects toolbar). A vertical text box work just like a regular text box,
except the text you type into it is turned 90 degrees to the right and reads from top to bottom.


Inserting a text file
Sometimes you want to insert a whole text file from Word or some other application. To do
so, use these steps:
1. Draw a text box as before.
2. Choose Insert _ Text File from the menu bar.
3. Locate the file you want to insert and click OK.
4. Publisher inserts the file into your text box (see Figure 6-4).

Notice the small box in the lower-right corner of the text box with the letter A followed by three
Note
dots in it. That indicates that more text is contained in the text box than is currently visible.




Figure 6-4: This Word file, inserted into a Publisher document, keeps all its original
formatting.
Chapter 6 ¦ Introducing Publisher 125


Autoflow and linked frames
When you insert text into an existing text box, sometimes you get a message warning you
that the inserted text won™t fit. You™re asked if you™d like to use autoflow. If you choose
Yes, Publisher jumps to every other text box in the publication in turn, asking if you™d like
to insert the remaining text into that frame. If you don™t place all the text in existing
frames, it eventually asks you if it should insert new pages and frames to accommodate
the text.
Text inserted into multiple frames using autoflow results in a series of linked frames. When
frames are linked, changing the formatting in one frame ” making text larger, for instance, or
reducing line spacing ” results in adjustments in all of the linked frames. You can also select
all the text in all of the frames simply by choosing Edit _ Select All.
You can tell when frames are linked because a small image of a chain link with an arrow
beside it appears in the lower-right corner of the first frame (see Figure 6-5); a similar
image appears in the upper-left corners and bottom-right corners of frames further down
the chain. Clicking these images takes you automatically to the next or previous frame in
the chain.




Figure 6-5: This little icon at the bottom of a text box indicates it™s just one frame in a
chain. Clicking on it takes you to the next frame in the chain.
Part I ¦ Getting Functional with Office 2003
126

You can unlink text boxes at any time by clicking the Break Forward Link button on the
Connect Frames toolbar, which becomes active whenever you create linked frames. You can
also link text boxes together by selecting the first frame you want to link, clicking the Create
Text Box Link button, and then clicking the next frame.

Formatting text
Once you™ve inserted text into a text box, you can format it just as you would in Word. Many
of the tools on the Formatting toolbar are, in fact, identical, so choosing font, style, size,
alignment, and so forth will seem very familiar.

You can set the formatting for a text box before you begin typing in it, or you can apply format-
Note
ting to highlighted text.

Formatting toolbar buttons
Briefly, the Formatting toolbar buttons for text are as follows:
¦ Style: Choose the style you want from the list box. You can create your own style or
import styles from another program by choosing Format _ Styles and Formatting or
by clicking the Styles and Formatting button on the Formatting toolbar, both of
which open a task pane much like the one you use to modify styles in Word.
¦ Font: Choose the font you want to use from this list. Font names are shown in their
respective fonts by default, which makes it easier to pick the right one.
¦ Font Size: Choose the size you want your text to be, in points, from this list.
Remember that a point is approximately 1/72 of an inch, so 36-point letters, for
example, are about half an inch tall when printed.
¦ Bold, Italic, Underline: Click these buttons to apply their respective effects. Click
them again to cancel their effects
¦ Align Left, Center, Align Right, Justify: Specify the alignment of your text within
the text box with these buttons.
¦ Distribute All Lines: This is similar to Justify, but it expands all lines to fill the
space between the margins of the text box, including the final lines of paragraphs
that might otherwise end halfway.
¦ Numbering, Bullets: Create numbered or bulleted lists by clicking these buttons.
Specify the formatting of the lists by choosing Format _ Indents and Lists.
¦ Decrease Indent, Increase Indent: Clicking the Decrease Indent button moves text
closer to the left margin; clicking Increase Indent moves it away from the left
margin. Adjust indents with more accuracy by using the sliders on the horizontal
ruler or by choosing Format _ Indents and Lists.
¦ Decrease Font Size, Increase Font Size: Clicking these buttons changes the text
size to either the next smallest size in the Font Size list or the next largest.
Chapter 6 ¦ Introducing Publisher 127

¦ Fill Color, Line Color, Font Color: Fill Color determines the color that fills the
text box; you can also choose patterns as fills or create gradient fills. Line Color
and Font Color determine the color of any lines used in the text box border and the
color of the text itself, respectively. Each offers options for choosing colors from
the color schemes mentioned earlier, or for picking your own colors from those
available on your computer.
¦ Line/Border Style, Dash Style, Arrow Style: This lets you specify the location and
appearance of border lines around the text box and turn ordinary lines into arrows.


¦ Shadow Style, 3-D Style: Use these buttons to add a drop shadow or 3-D effect to
the text box (not to the text itself).

Format menu options
For more detailed formatting, choose Format from the menu bar and select the item you want
to fine-tune. Options under the Format menu include the following:
¦ Font: Opens a dialog box that lets you choose font, font style, size, and color all in
one place. In addition, it offers a variety of underlining styles and some formatting
styles that aren™t available by default on the Formatting toolbar, including
Superscript, Subscript, Emboss, and Engrave.
¦ Character Spacing: Lets you set scaling, tracking, and kerning. Scaling lets you
stretch or condense characters. It doesn™t change their height, only their width.
This can create interesting special effects (see Figure 6-6) or let you cram a bit
more text than you™d normally be able to into a narrow text box. Tracking adjusts
the overall spacing of a block of text, while kerning adjusts the spacing between
adjacent characters.




Figure 6-6: Scaling your text can create interesting effects. The word WEIGHT in this
figure is scaled to 200 percent.
Part I ¦ Getting Functional with Office 2003
128

¦ Paragraph: Lets you adjust the amount of space between lines and between
paragraphs, as well as indents and other features.
¦ AutoFit Text: Choose Best Fit to automatically adjust the size of text in a selected
text box to come as close as possible to filling the text box. Choose Shrink Text on
Overflow to ensure that text that flows into other text boxes returns to the original
size, instead of taking the Best Fit size. By default, both these options are turned off.
¦ Tabs: Works the same as in Word; it lets you set tab stops and assign leaders
(repeating characters, such as dots or dashes) to them.
¦ Horizontal Rules: Tells Publisher to automatically insert horizontal lines before or
after (or both) a paragraph and lets you specify thickness, color, style, and position.
¦ Quick Publication Options, Publication Designs, Color Schemes, Font Schemes:
All of these enable you to apply some of the professionally designed schemes included
with Publisher to your current publication. Quick Publication Options (see Figure 6-7)
lets you automatically add elements of a Quick Publication, Publication Designs lets
you apply elements of one of the designs from the Publication Gallery, Color Schemes
changes the colors of your fonts and other elements to match a set color scheme
designed to look good, and Font schemes does the same with the fonts you™re using.




Figure 6-7: Publisher makes it easy at any time to apply one of the professionally
created designs included with the program to your own publication.

¦ Styles and Formatting: Opens the Styles and Formatting task pane and lets you
modify or apply styles.
¦ Text Box: Lets you format the text box itself. You can adjust its background color,
the line or border that surrounds it, and its size; rotate it anyway you want; adjust the
Chapter 6 ¦ Introducing Publisher 129

way text inside it wraps around graphics; set its internal margins; break the text
inside it into columns; and even add an automatic “Continued on page...” or
“Continued from page...” slug at the top or bottom of it. There are several tabs here;
explore them freely.
¦ Bullets and Numbering: Lets you create normal, bulleted or numbered lists and set
left, first-line, and right indents for lists.
¦ Drop Cap: Provides a selection of preformatted drop caps ” extra-large capital
letters at the start of paragraph, as in old-fashioned books ” or lets you create your
own custom drop cap, setting the font, size, and so on.

The Measurements toolbar
The Measurements toolbar lets you control many aspects of spacing and positioning of text
boxes with handy control boxes.
To view the Measurements toolbar, choose View _ Toolbars _ Measurements or click View
Toolbar on the dialog boxes just mentioned that have to do with spacing, such as the
Character Spacing dialog box.
The Measurements toolbar is shown in Figure 6-8. Any changes you make with the
Measurements toolbar controls show up immediately on the screen, which makes this a very
useful mechanism for fine-tuning your publication. Here™s how it works:




Figure 6-8: The Measurements toolbar lets you fine-tune your publication by entering
precise values for a number of parameters.

¦ The two top controls, labeled x and y, control the horizontal and vertical positions of
the text box, measured from the zero points of the horizontal and vertical rulers to
Part I ¦ Getting Functional with Office 2003
130

the left and top edges of the text box. Of course, you can always drag a text box
around on the page to reposition it, but if you want precise positioning, these
controls can give it to you. You can either type in the coordinates you want or click
the little up and down arrows beside each control.
¦ The next two controls down control width and height of the text box.
¦ The next one controls rotation.
¦ In the bottom section are spacing controls for the text itself: from top to bottom,
tracking, scaling, kerning, and line spacing.


Working with Graphics
Pictures for your publication can come from several sources: the Clip Organizer, a file on
your computer (which you may have downloaded off the Internet, for example), a scanner, or
a digital camera. Once they™re inserted into your publication, you can manipulate them in a
variety of ways.

Inserting a picture file
To insert a picture file, follow these steps:
1. Click the Picture Frame button on the Objects toolbar.
2. From the menu, choose Picture from File.
3. Your pointer changes to a crosshairs; use it to draw a frame approximately the size
you want the inserted picture to be.
4. Publisher automatically opens the Insert Picture dialog box, a standard browsing box
that you can use to locate the picture file you want on your computer.
5. Click Insert.
6. The picture is inserted into the frame you drew for it. The frame is automatically
resized so the picture isn™t distorted; the width of the frame remains the same, but
the height may change.

Inserting a Clip Organizer image
To insert a Clip Organizer image, follow these steps:
1. Click the Picture Frame button on the Objects toolbar.
2. Choose Clip Art from the menu.
3. The Clip Art task pane opens. Search for the image you want and, after you find it,
click on it to insert it into your publication.
4. The Clip Art is inserted into the frame. Again, the frame™s size changes to prevent
the picture from being distorted.
Chapter 6 ¦ Introducing Publisher 131


Inserting a scanner or camera image
To insert an image from a scanner or digital camera, use these steps:
1. Choose Insert _ Picture _ From Scanner or Camera _ Select Device to choose the
camera or scanner you want to acquire the picture from (if you have more than one
installed).
2. Choose Insert _ Picture _ From Scanner or Camera _ Acquire Image to open the
device™s software and acquire the picture.
3. The picture is inserted into your document. You can then drag it to where you want
it and work with it in a variety of ways (see the next section).

Formatting pictures
Once you™ve inserted a picture, you can manipulate it in a variety of ways. You can:
¦ Recolor it: Choose Format _ Picture and then choose the Picture tab. In the
resulting dialog box you can apply a number of color effects; the Color drop-down
list includes Grayscale, Black & White, and Washout, as well as the default
Automatic, which uses the picture™s original colors. You can adjust the brightness
and contrast here as well, or you can click the Recolor button to open the dialog box
in Figure 6-9. This lets you recolor the whole picture or leave the black parts black
and just recolor the colored parts. Choose the color using the Color control; you can
also apply tint and shade fill effects. You can undo changes to the color of a picture
by clicking Restore Original Colors.




Figure 6-9: Recolor a picture, or restore it to its original color, using these controls.
Part I ¦ Getting Functional with Office 2003
132

¦ Resize it: Choose Format _ Picture and choose the Size tab to open a dialog box
where you can change both the height and width of the picture by entering either a
specific measurement (in the Size and rotate area) or a percentage of its original
height and width (in the Scale area). You can return a picture to its original size by
clicking the Reset button. You can also rotate the picture using the rotation tools in
the “Size and rotate” area.

If you scale height and weight by different percentages, your picture is distorted. To avoid this,
Caution
check the Lock aspect ratio checkbox; this ensures that whenever you change one dimension
of the picture, the other changes proportionately.

¦ Apply a fill or a border: Choose Format _ Picture and click the Colors and Lines
tab to apply a fill or a border to the picture frame. You can achieve the same effect
by clicking the appropriate buttons on the Formatting toolbar.
¦ Change how text wraps around the picture: Choose Format _ Picture and click
the Layout tab to open the dialog box in Figure 6-10, where you can set margins for
the picture frame and also determine whether, if the picture is placed over a text box,
text wraps around the outside of the picture frame or tucks in closely around the
picture itself. This dialog box also enables you to position the text frame very
precisely, using the Position on page controls at the top.




Figure 6-10: Set the text wrap properties of a picture frame using this dialog box.
Chapter 6 ¦ Introducing Publisher 133

¦ Rotate the picture: As noted, you can do this using the Picture tab of the Format _
Picture dialog box, but the easiest way to do it is simply to point at the green handle
that sticks up from the top of the picture and rotate the picture visually, by clicking
and dragging.
¦ Crop the picture: Choose Format _ Picture and click the Picture tab. Crop the
picture using the controls at the top, by choosing how far from each edge to crop the
picture.

A better way to crop pictures is by using the Picture toolbar6-. This is displayed by default down
Tip
the right side of the workspace and contains a number of useful tools. Click the Crop button to
crop the picture visually by clicking and dragging on its corners (see Figure 6-11).




Figure 6-11: The Picture toolbar contains one-button controls for many of the options
also available through the Format _ Picture dialog box. Here the Crop tool is being used
to crop away everything but the head of the cow.
Part I ¦ Getting Functional with Office 2003
134


Drawing lines and shapes
Publisher also lets you draw basic shapes with four simple drawing tools on the Objects
toolbar: the Line tool, the Oval tool, the Rectangle tool, and the Custom Shapes tool. The
Line tool also lets you draw arrows and adjust the shape of the arrowheads.
Custom Shapes provides you with a small menu of a variety of starbursts, arrows, and other
useful shapes. If the shape includes a small gray diamond, its shape is adjustable; click and
drag on the diamond to see what effect it has.
You can apply different line styles and fills to shapes and rotate them, as well.


Working with Tables
The third most common type of object you™re likely to want in a Publisher publication is a
table.

Inserting a table
To insert a table, follow these steps:
1. Click the Insert Table button on the Objects toolbar.
2. Draw a frame, just as you did for text and graphics.
3. The Create Table dialog box opens (see Figure 6-12). Enter the number of rows and
columns you want in your table.
4. Choose a design you like from Table Format menu.
5. Click OK. Publisher creates a table with the number of rows and columns you
indicated, sized to fit in the frame you drew.
Chapter 6 ¦ Introducing Publisher 135




Figure 6-12: The Create Table dialog box gives you a number of table designs to choose
from.


Entering data into a table
Once you™ve got your blank table, entering information into it is simply a matter of clicking
on the cell you want to enter information into and then typing away. The same formatting
tools are available to you for formatting text within a table as are available when you are
working in a text box.

Editing a table
Publisher tables don™t offer nearly as many options as, say, Word tables when it comes to
making changes. In fact, there are only a few, all accessed by choosing Table from the
menu bar:
¦ Insert: Choosing this option inserts Columns to the Left, Columns to the Right,
Rows Above or Rows Below, or a whole new table.
¦ Delete: Deletes the rows or columns containing the currently selected cells, or delete
the whole table.
Part I ¦ Getting Functional with Office 2003
136

¦ Select: Selects the entire table, the current rows or columns, or just the cell in which
the cursor is currently located.
¦ Merge Cells: Turns any currently selected cells into one big cell, erasing the borders
between them.
¦ Split Cells: Highlights a merged cell and choose Split Cells to turn it back into its
original individual cells.
¦ Cell Diagonals: Splits currently selected cells into two distinct cells divided by a
diagonal line, which can slant either up or down.
¦ Table AutoFormat: Changes the format of your table.
¦ Fill Down and Fill Right: Fills a column or row of selected cells with the contents
of either the topmost or leftmost cell in the selected range.
¦ Grow to Fit Text: When checked, this automatically increases row height within the
table to make room for whatever text you enter into it.


Summary
This chapter introduced the most often used elements of Microsoft Publisher, the powerful
desktop publishing program that comes with some versions of Microsoft Office. Points
covered included:
¦ The Publisher workspace is very similar to that of other Office applications; if
you™re already used to Word, FrontPage or PowerPoint, you should feel right at
home.
¦ Publisher comes with a lot of pre-designed publications that you can use as the basis
of your own; the hard layout work has already been done, and all you need to do is
insert your own text and graphics.
¦ Working with text in Publisher is done within text boxes; within a text box, text can
be formatted in much the same way it is formatted in Word. You can change the
font, font size, color, spacing and more.
¦ Text can be linked from text box to text box, which makes it easier to flow long
items through a publication.
¦ You can insert graphics in Publisher from the Microsoft Clip Organizer, from a file
on your computer, or from a scanner or digital camera. You can also draw your own
shapes with Publisher™s built-in drawing tools.
¦ Tables are easy to insert and work with in Publisher, but not quite as full-featured as
you may be used to in Word.
¦ ¦ ¦
7
CHAPTER



Building
FrontPage
Web Sites . . . .

In This Chapter

Web design
strategies

Y ou might already know how to create a Web site with linked
pages. You might also be familiar with applying themes and Importing Web sites
sharing borders, which give your site a sense of consistency and
enable visitors to navigate it. This chapter describes in more Using Web
detail the process of designing and adding content to a Web site. templates and
wizards
Web Design Strategies Creating Web page
content
Web pages and Web sites have something of a chicken and egg
relationship: no real answer exists as to which comes first when Global site editing
you design a Web site. You can create Web page content first and and managing your
then organize the pages as a Web site. Alternatively, you can Web site with
design a Web site and then plug in page content. With either Reports view
approach, however, your site design creates the framework for the
display of all the content that you provide.
. . . .
Why start with site design?
Theoretically, you could create a Web site that consisted of a
single page. If your Web site has much content at all, however,
this approach presents both technical and aesthetic problems. The
page would take unnecessarily long to download in your visitors™
browsers, and they would have to wait for information to down-
load that they didn™t even want to access. Aesthetically, visitors
would have difficulty finding and digesting information at your
site. For these reasons, Web sites generally modularize informa-
tion into many small pages. In addition, many small, quick-
loading pages with digestible bites of information are generally
more helpful than a few long, slow-loading pages that mix
together different kinds of information.
Part I ¦ Getting Functional with Office 2003
138

You face two main strategic decisions when you design your Web site:
¦ What kind of navigational strategy do you want to provide for visitors? What options
for jumping to other pages in the site do you want to make available at each page?
¦ What kind of visual theme do you want to apply to your site? Consistent visual
elements ” such as color schemes, navigational icons, page backgrounds, and fonts ”
provide coherence to your site and are part of the message that you project to visitors.
After an architect designs a building and the beams are welded into place, the building can™t
easily be changed from a 48-story skyscraper to a sprawling, two-story campus. Luckily for
Web designers, things are more flexible in cyberspace. You can modify the structure and
design of a Web site fairly easily in FrontPage. You must still make some initial decisions,
however, as to the layout of your site. One of FrontPage 2003™s strengths is the capability it
provides to universally change both the layout and design of an entire Web site. The next
section investigates strategies for organizing your site structure.

Defining navigational links
Following are the two basic design approaches to laying out your Web site.
¦ Linear design: This approach takes visitors through your site in a straight line.
¦ Hierarchical design: This approach presents visitors with layers of options.
Figure 7-1 shows a Web site laid out in a linear design.




Figure 7-1 A linear Web site design marches visitors straight through your site.
Chapter 7 ¦ Building FrontPage Web Sites 139

Most Web sites are organized in a hierarchical structure, but both design strategies can be
useful, depending on the kind of presentation you are preparing for visitors. The important
thing is to make conscious decisions regarding which kind of approach you want to take to
your Web site design, and then stick to that approach. By doing so, visitors will feel
comfortable at your site, and will be able to jump intuitively to the information that they
want. By making conscious decisions about Web navigation strategy, a Web designer can
frame the kinds of options available to visitors in conformity with the site™s mission. For
example, if your goal is to introduce every product and service that your company
provides, the linear structure illustrated in Figure 7-1 channels visitors into a tour of those
products and services.
Orchestrating a linear flow in your Web site involves laying out your pages in Navigation
view and then assigning appropriate link bars in Web pages.
To create a Web site that provides a linear flow, start by either creating a new Web site or by
opening an existing one. You can review the section “Creating a Web site” in Chapter 1 of
Wiley™s FrontPage 2003 Bible, if necessary, for all the information that you need.
With your Web site open, click and drag in Navigation view to arrange your Web pages in
one or more lines. Selecting or deselecting the Folder list from the View menu shows (or
hides) a list of Web pages in your site. If you have Web pages that are not connected to the
navigational flow, you can drag them from the Folder list into the Navigation window, as
shown in Figure 7-2.




Figure 7-2 You can drag Web pages from the Folder list into the Navigation window.
Part I ¦ Getting Functional with Office 2003
140

With your site design defined in Navigation view, you can define link bars in your Web
pages that apply the navigational structure in the form of navigational links. That process
is explained in the next section, “Defining Link Bars in Shared Borders.”
If you define a Web site with a long linear flow of pages, your site may be easier to view
horizontally than vertically. To rotate the display of your Navigation view flowchart,
right-click in the Navigation area and select Portrait/Landscape from the context menu.
Hierarchical Web structures are used more frequently than linear site designs. Hierarchical
structures enable visitors to make their own decisions about which pages they want to see,
and in what order. Furthermore, you can use hierarchical structures to organize Web pages
into groups, each with its own level of detail, as shown in Figure 7-3.




Figure 7-3 A hierarchical Web site design organizes options for a visitor.

A visitor who is interested only in CD products can navigate to the CD “branch” of the Web
site and choose between the various CD options (listen, lyrics, credits, cover), without being
distracted by other options.
Chapter 7 ¦ Building FrontPage Web Sites 141


Defining Link Bars in Shared Borders
After you lay out your site in Navigation view, you can define the link bars for each page.
You can insert link bars at any location in a Web page, but they are normally inserted in
shared borders, a special type of Web page that appears on every Web page. Shared borders
can be attached to the top, bottom, left, or right side of a Web page. Therefore, theoretically,
you can define four link bars in your Web site that will appear on every page in the site.
Four link bars would clutter up a Web site, but providing navigation options at the top,
bottom, and left (or right) side of a page might be appropriate in some cases.
Each link bar in a shared border generates links, depending on the logic that you define for
that particular bar. For example, if you lay out your Web site in a linear structure, you can
generate Next and Back buttons to help visitors travel from the beginning to the end of your
page sequence. Similarly, if you design your site with a hierarchical structure, you have
several options for enabling visitors to jump to parent and child pages.

Shared borders are not required in order to place link bars on a particular page. You can place
Tip
link bars in the body of a Web page. However, using shared borders with link bars is a method
by which you can create a navigational system for your entire Web site.

To assign shared borders to a Web site, follow these steps:
1. In any view, select Format _ Shared Borders from the menu.

If the Shared Borders option is grayed out on the Format menu, click Tools _ Page Options,
Tip
then click the Authoring tab. Click the Shared Borders check box to enable them.

2. In the Shared Borders dialog box, select the All Pages radio button to assign shared
borders to every page in your Web site.

After you define a shared borders design for your entire Web site, you can disable the shared
Note
border(s) for specific pages by selecting a page and using the Current Page radio button.

To insert a link bar in a shared border, follow these steps:
1. Open any Web page in a Web site to which you have added at least one shared border.
2. Click in a shared border.
3. Select Insert _ Navigation. In the Insert Web Component dialog box, click Bar Based
on Navigation Structure in the Choose a Bar Type area.
4. Click the Next button in the Insert Web Component dialog box, and use the vertical
scroll bar to explore the various styles of available link bars. Select one and click Next.
Part I ¦ Getting Functional with Office 2003
142

5. In the final window of this Wizard, choose either a vertical or a horizontal layout for
your link bar and click Finish. You™re not really finished ” you™re ready to define the
logic that will determine how FrontPage generates links.
6. In the Link Bar Properties dialog box, select one of the six radio buttons in the
Hyperlinks to Add to Page area at the top of the dialog box. Use the Additional Pages
checkboxes to add a link to the home page on every page, and/or a link to the Parent
Page on every page. The Link Bar Properties dialog box is shown in Figure 7-4.




Figure 7-4 The Link Bar Properties dialog box provides six navigation options for
your Web site.

7. You can revisit or revise the style choices you made for your link bar by clicking the
Style tab in the Link Bar Properties dialog box. In addition to (re)choosing a bar style
and orientation (vertical or horizontal), you can also use checkboxes to add vivid colors
(for example, a different color scheme based on, but more extreme than, the one
associated with your theme) or Active Graphics (graphical navigation buttons that react
when a visitor hovers over them with his or her mouse cursor).
Chapter 7 ¦ Building FrontPage Web Sites 143


Navigation Options

The six radio buttons at the top of the Link Bar Properties dialog box basically break down into two
different navigational strategies. The Same Level option and the Back and Next option enable
visitors to navigate along a single row in the Navigation view, for a linear navigational approach. The
difference between these options is that Same Level enables a visitor to jump to any page in a row,
whereas Back and Next offers only two options, the pages to the right and left of a page in the
Navigation view flowchart.
The other radio buttons offer variations on a hierarchical scheme. The most utilitarian hierarchical
option is probably the Child Level radio button, along with the Home Page and Parent Page
checkboxes. This combination of selections in the Link Bar Properties dialog box enables visitors to
navigate up or down at any time, and always provides a link to the home page.
As you experiment with different navigational options, they are illustrated in the flowchart to the left
of the radio buttons.
After you assign link bars to your shared borders, save the page in which you edited the
links, and then select File _ Preview in Browser to test the links in your browser.

Customizing links
Automatically generated navigational links have a great advantage, which is also their
shortcoming: They apply the same logic to every single page. If you define a link to child
pages in your link bar, every page (that has a child page) will have a link to that page. In
that sense, link bars cannot be customized for particular pages.
However, other options are available that give you much more specific control over what
links are available from your Web pages. Those options are introduced next.

Adding links to page content
You can insert a link (or hyperlink, as FrontPage calls them) anywhere in a Web page. You
can either type the URL to which you are creating a link, or assign a link to an existing
object, such as text or a graphic image.
To include a link, simply type the URL (or e-mail address) in the Web page. Press Enter to
create a paragraph break, Shift+Enter to create a line break, or a punctuation key followed
by the spacebar. Your URL address is automatically transformed into a link.
To assign a link to existing text (or to a picture), select the text (or picture) and click the
Hyperlink button in the toolbar. The Hyperlink dialog box appears. Double-click a Web page
in your Web, or enter a URL address outside of your Web in the URL drop-down list. Then,
click OK to assign the link.
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Adding links to a shared border
Shared borders can include generated link bars, but they can also be edited to include other
text or links.
Besides the links generated by link bars, you can add your own, specific links to a Web site
or to any page. For example, you may want to include a link to a special page in your Web
site from any page in the site. If that special page is your home page, you can do this by
selecting the Home Page checkbox in the Link Bar Properties dialog box. If it isn™t your
home page, you can still add the link to a link bar.

Adding link bars to page content
A final option for customizing links is to insert a link bar directly into the content of a page.
Although this isn™t a widely used feature in FrontPage, it has some valuable uses. For
example, a link bar with links to child pages can function as a miniature table of contents in
a Web page.
Remember foremost that link bars inserted into page content appear only on the page in
which they are inserted, whereas link bars placed in shared borders appear on every page to
which a shared border has been applied.

Deleting pages from link bars
You can delete a page from the navigation structure by clicking the page in Navigation
view and pressing the Delete key. The Confirm Delete dialog box appears, as shown in
Figure 7-5.




Figure 7-5 You can delete a page from link bars or completely remove it from your Web
site.


Changing navigation labels
Navigation labels for generated link bars are based on page titles. You can customize other
generated navigation links (such as Home or Back) for your Web site.
You can redefine the labels that FrontPage generates for the home page, for moving up a
page in a Web structure and for Back and Next labels (used with a linear site design). To
change label names, follow these steps:
Chapter 7 ¦ Building FrontPage Web Sites 145

1. Select Tools _ Site Settings and click the Navigation tab in the Site Settings dialog
box. The tab is shown in Figure 7-6.




Figure 7-6 You can rename the labels generated in link bars.

2. Enter new label names for any of the four generated titles. For example, you can change
the label assigned to a link to the previous page in a layout from “Back” (the default) to
“Previous.” (You could also use something like “See previous slide.”)
3. After you change the generated label text, click OK. (Clicking OK in the Web Settings
dialog box updates links in an existing site.)


Importing an Existing Web Site
You can organize existing file collections into FrontPage Webs by using the Import Wizard,
which imports files from two sources:
¦ An existing Web site that is not a FrontPage Web
¦ A folder on your local drive or network
After you import files, you can work with them as you would any FrontPage Web, organiz-
ing them in Navigation view, and adding themes, shared borders, link bars, and so on.

Importing files into a Web
To import files into a new Web, follow these steps:
1. Select File _ Import. The Import dialog box appears.
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2. Click the Add File button to add a file (or selected files) to your site, or the Add Folder
button to add one or more folders.
3. In the Open File dialog box, navigate to the file(s) or folder(s) you wish to import. You
can use Shift+Click or Ctrl+Click to select more than one folder or file. Click the Open
button to add selected file(s) or folder(s) to the Import list.
4. Click OK in the Import dialog box to add files to your site.

Importing a Web site into a FrontPage Web
To import an existing Web site into a FrontPage Web, follow these steps:
1. Select File _ Import.
2. Click the From Site button. The Import Web Site Wizard opens, as shown in Figure 7-7.




Figure 7-7 FrontPage provides a wizard to integrate existing objects into a new
Web.

3. At this point, you have the following options:
• Transfer from FrontPage Server Extensions or SharePoint Team Services
• DAV: Transfer using WebDAV
• FTP: Transfer using File Transfer Protocol
• File System: Transfer files from a source directory or computer
• HTTP: Import files from an Internet site
Chapter 7 ¦ Building FrontPage Web Sites 147

Make a selection, complete the requested information, and click Next.
4. Now you can choose the destination Web (where you will import the files) and choose
to use Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) if necessary. Click Next.




Figure 7-8 Choose where you want to import the site to.

5. In the Set Import Limits window, choose to import the home page plus link pages to a
specified number, import a maximum of kilobytes, or import only HTML and image
files. Click Next.
6. Click Finish to start the import.


Shared Borders ” Plus and Minus
Love ˜em or hate ˜em, shared borders with link bars are a defining element of FrontPage Web sites.
They are incredibly convenient ” you can generate distinct and somewhat intelligent links on every
page in your site in seconds by having FrontPage generate link bars in shared borders. Compared
to the tedium of manually creating, changing, and updating navigation areas of Web pages by hand,
shared borders with link bars are a godsend.
The downside? Link bars in FrontPage tend to give your Web sites that somewhat institutional look
that tells the world you created your site in FrontPage instead of handcrafting every page.
Is there a way to get the best of both worlds? One design approach often utilizes the productivity of
shared borders and link bars, but disguises their use by customizing themes and assigning unique
properties to shared borders.
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Using Web Templates and Wizards
In FrontPage terminology, a Web template is a set of predesigned Web pages collected into a
single Web. In many cases, sample text is supplied, or comment text is used, to help you add
content to the Web.
A wizard is similar to a template, only smarter. Rather than create a Web with all generic
content, the Corporate Presence and Discussion Web Wizards first ask you to answer some
probing questions, such as “What is your name?” They also ask you what kinds of Web
pages you want to include in your Web site. Those wizards then place your answers in the
appropriate spots in the template. When you first open a Web that is generated by one of
these two wizards, it is already filled with customized content based on your answers.
This feature can save you time, although you are likely to want to customize the pages to
your liking.
Some of the available templates are explored in more depth in the following sections.

One Page Web
Because the One Page Web template creates only a single Web page, you may wonder why
you should bother using it. Actually, the One Page Web handles several important tasks that
save time in generating a Web site. A Web folder is created on your server, ensuring that
FrontPage will properly manage all of your files. This template also creates a Web page with
the filename Default.htm and the page title Home Page.
The One Page Web template also generates two subfolders in your Web site: _private
and images. You can use the images folder to organize picture files for your site and
the _private folder to store pages and other files that you don™t want identified by
searches or linked in link bars.
If your project is to develop a Web site from scratch, the One Page Web is a quick way to
get started.

Using the Corporate Presence Web Wizard
The Corporate Presence Web Wizard is a basic site for communicating information about a
company. This is the most elaborate wizard included with FrontPage. The first dialog box in
the wizard, shown in Figure 7-9, asks you which main pages you want to include in your
Web site.
Chapter 7 ¦ Building FrontPage Web Sites 149




Figure 7-9 The Corporate Presence Web Wizard generates up to six main pages.

The pages available from the Corporate Presence Web Wizard are as follows:
¦ Home: Not optional, because it anchors all the navigational links in the site.
¦ What™s New: Lists links to other pages. If you select this checkbox, the wizard later
provides a list of linked articles that you can generate.
¦ Products/Services: Can have any number of links to both products and services. If you
select this checkbox, you are later asked how many products and services pages to
generate, and what information you want on those pages. Some of these generated
pages include input forms that collect data from visitors. The results of these forms are
saved in files stored in the _private folder.
¦ Table of Contents: Generates a table of contents for the site on a separate page.
¦ Feedback Form: Generates a Web page with an input form that collects feedback from
visitors. The data submitted to this form is collected in a file called inforeq.txt
(located in the _private folder). Double-click that file in Folders view to display
information in your word processor.
¦ Search Form: Creates a search form page that allows visitors to search your site (not
the Internet) for words or phrases.
After you select the pages you want to include in your Web site, the wizard prompts you
for information related to generating those pages. When you complete the wizard, you are
asked whether you want to see the Tasks view after your site is generated. Select Yes to
see a list of remaining tasks that you must perform to complete your Web site.

Customer Support Web
The Customer Support Web template generates ten main Web pages in a navigational
flow, as well as additional Web pages that are used to supplement those pages. The pages
in the Navigation view generated by this template are as follows:
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¦ Customer Support Web: Home page ” welcomes visitors to the support site and
contains links to other pages.
¦ Contact Us: Creates a table with e-mail, phone, and Web site URL links.
¦ Search: Includes a search box that visitors can use to find information at your site.
¦ What™s New: A list of links to pages with update documentation. To make these
links functional, you must edit their content, right-click them, select Hyperlink
Properties from the context menu, and link them to actual pages that you create.
¦ Products: A page with links to support pages by product so you can support more
than one product at your site.
¦ FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions): Includes a list of six questions, with links to
bookmarked answers in the body of the page. Bookmarks are discussed in “Inserting
bookmarks,” later in this chapter. You must edit the questions and answers.
¦ Service Request: Provides a form that clients must fill out to receive help with a
specific problem.
¦ Suggestions: This Web page is also mainly composed of an input form. Data
entered into this form can be viewed by opening the Feedback.htm file.
¦ Catalogs/Manuals: Used to enable visitors to link to an FTP (File Transfer Proto-
col) download site. If you have files at an FTP site, you can edit the links at this
page to send visitors to those files.
¦ Support Forum: Links to a threaded discussion group, where visitors can post
comments or questions and respond to posted articles.

Using the Database Interface Web Wizard
The Database Interface Web (DIW) Wizard generates a site with input forms, reports, and
queries. A typical site generated by the DIW, with all options selected, creates an Access
database at your Web server, and includes the following:
¦ A submission form for visitors to enter data
¦ A results page that displays content from your database
¦ A Database Editor section ” pages that enable visitors to view, add, delete, and
update records in your database using a Web browser

Discussion Web Wizard
The Discussion Web Wizard generates a fully threaded, searchable discussion group. Users
can access the discussion board and read messages as well as make posts.
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Empty Web
The Empty Web template generates a Web folder and _private and images subfolders,
just like the One Page Web template. The difference is that the Empty Web template doesn™t
generate a home page.

Import Web Wizard
The Import Web Wizard is generated when you select File _ Import. For a discussion of
how this works, refer to “Importing an Existing Web Site,” earlier in this chapter.

Personal Web
The Personal Web template generates a Web site with a home page and the following five
other pages:
¦ About Me
¦ Interests
¦ Favorites
¦ Photo Gallery
¦ Feedback

Project Web
The Project Web template generates a Web site specifically designed for displaying project-
management information. The template generates six linked pages in Navigation view, some
of which are connected to additional pages that don™t display in Navigation view. The six
accessible pages are as follows:

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