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Author Index




Alderson, Priscilla, 164 Clifford, James, 190
Andrews, Lois, 165 Connerton, Paul, 178, 183
Araho, Nick, 135, 150 Coombe, Rosemary, 58, 149, 175, 177, 178
Arnold, Richard, 176, 182 Corrigan, Oonagh, 170
Astuti, Rita, 145, 195 Crook, Tony, 39, 145, 171 , 195
Aug´ , Marc, 130, 132
e
Dambrine, C., 99, 175, 187
Bainbridge, David, 99, 101 , 152, 176, 188, 189 Damon, Fred, 82
Bamford, Sandra, 82“83, 198 Davies, Margaret, 20, 29, 88, 136, 137, 152, 155,
Banks, Cyndi, 115, 189, 194 156, 161 , 168, 194, 198
Barron, Anne, 135, 138, 156, 157, 158, 159, 194, de Coppet, Daniel, 192, 196, 198
195, 197, 198 Defoe, Daniel, 58, 61
Barry, Andrew, 171 Demian, Melissa, 124, 154
Barthes, Roland, 177 Descombes, Vincent, 38, 41 , 170
Basso, Keith, 185 Dolgin, Janet, 12, 16, 20, 24, 32, 51 , 52, 53, 54,
Battaglia, Debbora, 60, 155, 156, 183, 185 71 , 72, 73, 74, 164, 165, 166, 168, 170, 173,
Beer, Gillian, 40, 46, 68, 181 , 182 174, 175, 176, 182, 183
Bell, Vikki, 22 Dorney, Sean, 111 , 116, 189
Bently, Lionel, 152, 155, 175, 177, 194, 196 Drucker-Brown, Susan, 174
Berg, Paul, 25 Dumont, Louis, 41
Biagioli, Mario, 53, 55, 61 , 137, 174, 178 Durkheim, Emile, 41 , 47
Blakeney, Michael, 194, 196 Dwyer, Peter, 124
Bodrogi, Tibor, 106, 186
Bolton, Lissant, 196 Eco, Umberto, 35
Bonaccorso, Monica, 19, 32, 183 Edwards, Jeanette, ix, 15, 26, 31 , 137, 163, 173,
Bouquet, Mary, 180 183, 184, 186
Brazier, Margaret, 174 Ernst, Thomas, 192
Brown, Michael, 149, 196, 197 Errington, Frederick, 112, 113, 124, 128, 189, 190
Brush, Stephen, 197
Busse, Mark, 135 Fara, Patricia, 171 , 172
Butler, Judith, viii Feld, Steven, 185
Finkler, Kaja, 20, 37, 72, 73, 74, 164, 165, 173,
Callon, Michel, 43 183
Carranza, Maria, 32 Firth, Alison, 99, 100, 101 , 103, 108, 177, 185,189
Carsten, Janet, ix, 9 Foucault, Michel, 38, 47, 61 , 172, 179
Casey, Edward, 185, 187 Fox Keller, Evelyn, 169, 179

217
218 AUTHOR INDEX


Karpin, Isabel, 29, 168, 169
Fox, Robin, 116
Khalil, Mohamed, 99, 186
Frankland, Linda, 123, 190, 192, 193
Kirsch, Stuart, 146
Franklin, Sarah, ix, 17, 25, 26, 30, 32, 48, 102,
Konrad, Monica, 76, 77, 169, 184, 186
172
K¨ chler, Susanne, 97, 98, 105, 106, 110, 150,
u
151 , 154, 184“189, 197
Galison, Peter, 137
Gatens, Moira, 30
Latour, Bruno, 5, 53, 63, 179
Gell, Alfred, 37, 43, 84, 92, 94, 96, 97, 98, 126,
Laurie, Graeme, 165
170, 181 , 185, 186, 187, 188
Law, John, 171 , 187
Gewertz, Deborah, 112, 113, 124, 128, 189, 190
Leach, Edmund, 171 , 172
Gibbons, Michael, 169
Leach, James, 122, 134, 148, 159, 188, 195, 196,
Gilbert, Margaret, 171
198
Gilbert, Sandra, 60
Lewis, Philip, 184
Godelier, Maurice, 8, 182
Lincoln, Louise, 96, 105, 185, 186, 188, 189,
Gray, Kevin, 154
197
Gubar, Susan, 60
Lipset, David, 138, 139, 140, 142
Gunn, Michael, 97, 106, 186, 188, 189
Locke, John, 12, 66, 70, 179, 181
Lundin, Susanne, 164
Haimes, Erica, 16
Handler, Richard, 44, 45, 172, 181
Macfarlane, Alan, 172, 179, 180
Haraway, Donna, 74, 170, 174, 178, 181 , 183
´ MacIntyre, Alasdair, 130, 167
Har‚ardottir, Krist´n, 164
±
McKinnon, Susan, ix, 84, 169
Harrison, Simon, 106, 108, 122, 125, 150, 151 ,
McPherson, Crawford Brough, 156
188, 189, 192
Miller, Daniel, 4, 5, 152, 163, 186
Harvey, Penelope, 186
Minnegal, Monica, 124
Hassard, John, 187
Mitterauer, Michael, 45, 172
Hayden, Corinne, 88, 182
Moore, Henrietta, 38
Hay-Edie, Terence, 110
Morgan, Derek, 56, 175
Heintze, Dieter, 105
Morphy, Howard, 159
Helmreich, Stefan, 165, 182
Mosko, Mark, 82, 143
Herring, Jonathan, 167
Moutu, Andrew, 38, 49, 162, 195
Herschel, John, 68
Muke, John, 111 , 113, 114, 116, 123, 127, 128,
Hirsch, Eric, 38, 47, 87, 134, 146, 172, 187, 192,
129, 133, 189, 196
196, 198
Mulkay, Michael, 173
Hirschon, Ren´ e, 190
e
Mundy, Martha, 133
Houseman, Michael, 144, 145
Myers, Frederick, 194
Hume, David, 178, 179
Hunter, I., 157
Naf¬ne, Ngaire, 20, 29, 88, 136, 137, 152, 155,
156, 161 , 168, 169, 194, 198
Ideland, Malin, 164
Nelkin, Dorothy, 165, 167
Ingold, Tim, 186
Nowotny, Helga, 17, 169
Irish, Vivien, 175
Israel, Jonathan, 171
O™Hanlon, Michael, 123, 134, 190, 192, 193
Ollman, Bertell, 180
James, Susan, 20, 178, 180
Osborne, Thomas, 34
Jaszi, Peter, 137
Outram, Dorinda, 171 , 172, 177, 179
Jolly, Margaret, 116, 132, 193, 194
Jordanova, Ludmilla, 59, 68, 70, 177, 178
Palme, Robert, 20, 128, 189
Jorgensen, Joseph, 39
Palmer, Stephanie, 20
Josephides, Lisette, 134
P´ lsson, G´sli, 164
a ±
Parkin, Robert, ix
Kalinoe, Lawrence, 127, 134, 149, 154, 159, 162,
Pedersen, Morten, 140, 141 , 144, 195
197, 198
219
AUTHOR INDEX


Phillips, Jeremy, 99, 100, 101 , 103, 108, 177, 185, Sherman, Brad, 127, 152, 155, 175, 177, 194, 196
189 Sieder, Reinhard, 45, 172
Posey, Daryll, 138 Simet, Jacob, 160, 162, 198, 199
Pottage, Alain, 6, 32, 94, 101 , 102, 108, 115, 116, Simpson, Bob, 22“24, 27, 28, 166, 167
133, 137, 167, 170, 175, 192 Stone, Linda, ix
Puri, Kamal, 198 Strathern, Alan, 49
Stritecky, Jolene, 138, 139, 141 , 142
Rabinow, Paul, 87, 107, 163, 182, 184, 191 , 192 Swanson, Ted, 175
Radcliffe-Brown, Alfred Reginald, 41 , 42 Sykes, Karen, 98, 105, 107, 110, 146, 186, 189, 197
Radick, Gregory, 165
Radin, Margaret, 152, 197 Tarde, Gabriel, 42
Ragon´ , Helena, 77
e Tassy, J., 99, 175, 187
Rapp, Rayna, 173 Taussig, Michael, 181
Rapport, Nigel, 130, 131 Thompson, Charis, 31 , 32
Reed, Adam, 183, 198 Toft, Susan, 138
Reiser, Stanley, Toren, Christina, 5, 14
Rheinberger, Hans-J¨ rg, 7
o Turner, Bryan, 194
Richardson, Eileen, 194
Riles, Annelise, 82, 85, 86, 173, 198 Vilaca, Aparecida, 83, 196
¸
Ritvo, Harriet, 181 Viveiros de Castro, Eduardo, 5, 42, 43, 46, 91 ,
Robertson, John, 182 139, 140, 141 , 162, 171 , 192, 193
Rohatynskyj, Marta, 143, 144, 146, 195
Rose, Mark, 58, 59, 60, 61 , 175, 176, 177 Wagner, Roy, 11 , 63, 88, 141 , 149, 187, 189, 192,
193, 198
Sahlins, Marshall, 12 Walden, Ian, 102
Saunders, D., 157 Weatherall, Kimberlee, 194
Savill, Kristin, 29, 165, 168, 169 Weiner, James, 38, 49, 131 , 185, 187, 188
Savulescu, Julian, 26 Weston, Kathleen, 182, 183
Schlecker, Marcus, 38, 172 Wexler, Nancy, 72
Schneider, David, 9, 11 Whimp, Kathy, 135
Scott, Peter, 169 Wilson, Richard, 130, 131 , 132, 133, 193
Segal, Daniel, 44, 45, 172, 181 Winch, Peter, 41
Segalen, Martine, 17, 22, 23, 24, 27, 166 Woodmansee, Martha, 60, 137, 177, 178
Shapin, Steven, 34, 44, 46, 61 , 62, 170, 172, 178,
179 Ziman, John, 39, 40, 46, 172
Subject Index




Aboriginal art, 137, 159 anthropology. See social anthropology
Aborigines, Australian, 135, 136, 198 ˜anthropology™s relation™, between conceptual
accountability, 61 , 62, 74, 77, 152 and interpersonal relations, 9“14 passim,
Actor Network Theory, 187 62, 64, 67, 84, 90, 184. See also conceptual
Acts of Parliament (UK). See Copyright, and (inter)personal relations
Design and Patent; Human Fertilisation appropriated for epistemological ends, 11
and Embryology; Human Organ as duplex, 8, 86
Transplants; Human Tissue Antigone, viii, 116
addition, in counting persons, 138, 139, 158, ™Are™are, Solomon Islands, 192
159, 161 arithmetic, 82, 89, 136, 155, 157
adoption, 22, 24, 28, 139, 141 , 159 art, 37, 135, 194
adultery, dangers of, 141 art object, 43, 93, 107, 170
adulthood, 141 arti¬cial insemination, 24, 173
af¬nity, 65, 122 arti¬cial life, 182
agency, 87, 95, 101 , 113, 114, 117, 127, 129 artist, 135, 160
extended, 103 artistic expressions, 149
agent, person as, 113, 125, 127, 129, 130, 193 assisted conception, 16, 19, 23, 24, 28, 164,
alliance, 40 174
altruism, 19, 21 , 36, 165, 170 assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs).
Amazonia, 83, 91 , 144 See assisted conception
Amazonian perspectivism, 11 , 139, 140, 141 , Association of Learned and Professional
144, 145, 153, 158, 159, 192, 196 Society Publishers, U.K., 174
analogies, 38, 66, 67“68, 70, 71 , 74, 75, 77, 88, Austen, Jane, 68, 181
107, 115, 122, 141 , 167, 171 , 180, 181 , 182, Australia, 9, 17, 23, 29, 135, 136, 160, 164, 168,
184, 185 198
analogy, between reproductive and Australian Federal Court, 135
intellectual creativity, 57 author, person of, 58, 59, 154, 156, 158, 175,
ancestors, 105, 150 178
and ancestral designs, 157, 159 Authors™ Licensing and Collecting Society,
images, 98 174
spirit, 93, 144, 148 authorisation, 104
value, 150 authorship, 58, 96, 176
ancestry, 69, 139 individual, 55
anonymity, 31 multiple, 53, 61 , 62, 89, 175, 178
and anonymous donations, 25, 31 , 52, 164, scienti¬c, 53, 54, 55, 61 , 71 , 158, 198
169 autonomy, 19, 20, 27, 29, 39, 40

220
221
SUBJECT INDEX


grandparents™ visiting rights (USA), Troxel
Barok, New Ireland, Papua New Guinea, 198
v. Granville, 16, 22
bilateral kin groups, 138
˜head pay™, compensation involving a
biodiversity, 196
woman (Papua New Guinea),
biological kin, 9, 173
Application by Individual and
biological parent, 25, 52, 55, 166, 173
Community Rights Advocy Forum in re:
biological and social relations, 6, 87, 94,
Miriam Willingal, 88, 111
138
mental conception (USA), Johnson v.
biology, notions of, 7, 13, 172
Calvert et al, 55“57, 174
biotechnology industry, 75, 108, 184
owning one™s own body (USA), Moore vs
biotechnology,6, 9, 10, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21 , 22,
Regents of University of California, 191
23, 25, 26, 28, 29, 30, 87, 101 , 102, 116,167,
case in the media, the deaf child, 18“19
188
categorical and personal relations, alternative
biotechnology, public reactions to, 19
to conceptual and interpersonal. See
birth, 141 , 142, 175
relations
Blackstone™s Commentaries on the laws of
causal relations, 38, 157
England, 59
childbearing, 141
blood, 5, 75, 114, 126, 127, 137, 191
childhood, 141
relations, 45
children, 141
testing, 173
as commodities, 177
bodies, 26, 96, 104, 143
as offspring, 81
child™s two, 4, 5
as productive, 58
holding information, 20
as property. See property, children as
in perspectivism, 126, 139
dying, 139
of knowledge, 135
¬rst born, 142
replacement of, 23
genetic testing of, 3
body, 89, 105, 140, 145, 146, 154, 168, 169, 183,
socialisation of, 4, 5, 6, 16
191 , 192, 196, 197
child and parent. See parent and child
management, 30
choice,16, 17, 19, 26, 52, 53, 54“73, 113, 115, 127,
parts, 117“120, 123, 125, 151 , 191 , 192, 193
130, 164, 182
and individuality, 20
Christian teaching, 113
inner and outer, 141 , 142, 144, 150
clan, and clan identity, 97, 100, 101 , 105, 112,
Malanggan as, 98
113, 122, 123, 128, 132, 137, 157, 159, 160,
maternal, 24“30
187, 199
as symbol of person, 26, 191
class, social, 44, 45, 46. See also middle class
Bolivip, Papua New Guinea, 145
classi¬cation, as knowledge practice, 46, 63,
bones, 120, 123, 124, 126, 192“3
68, 171 , 172, 181
book, as text, 70
classi¬catory kin, 138
brideprice. See bridewealth
cloning, 20, 165
brides, 124
co-implication, 40, 41 , 42, 43, 44, 45
bridewealth, 111 , 113, 124, 136
commerce, world of, 4, 165, 174, 191
commodi¬cation, 122, 124
carving, 98, 104, 105, 106, 135, 149. See also
commodity materialism, world of, 4
Malanggan ¬gures
common humanity, 21
case in the courts,
common interests, 21
banknote design and Aboriginal copyright
common law, 118
(Australia), 135, 156“157, 159
commons, 54, 103, 109, 137
child who lacked parentage (USA), In re
communal, ideology of, 22, 85, 137, 160,
the Marriage of John A. and Luanne H.
199
Buzzanca, 52, 173
communities, 36, 83, 84, 85
child™s right to information about parent
community, 19, 21 , 22, 36, 96, 102, 129, 138, 199
(USA), Safer v. Pack, 71
222 SUBJECT INDEX


creation, 124, 154
compensation payment, 111 “114, 121 , 123, 125,
in procreation, 65
127, 133, 193
intellectual, 56, 65, 194
complexity, 47, 63, 82
creativity56, 59, 82, 87, 94, 99, 153, 154, 156,157,
˜compo girl™. See case: ˜head pay™
171 , 178, 185, 186, 187, 194, 196. See also
composite, 97, 103, 126, 127, 130
invention
conceive. See conception
cross-sex relations, 143, 145
conceivers, mental, 12
cultural constraint, 129
conceivers, of children, 74, 176
cultural difference, 19
conceivers, of ideas, 74, 171
cultural expression, 147
conception and deconception, 143
cultural knowledge, 139, 147, 149
conception, 60, 61 , 75, 181
cultural property, 160, 197
conception, assisted. See assisted conception
culture, 11 , 13, 115, 131 , 132, 146, 160, 193
conception, in intellectual property rights, 57.
culture, and nature, 12, 62. See also ˜science™s
See also intending parent
relation™
conception, intellectual and procreative, 59,
culture, as tradition, 113
63, 65
custom, 88, 111 , 112, 115, 116, 128, 129, 131 , 146,
conceptual relations, as alternative to
149
categorical, 12, 63, 75
custom, good and bad, 113, 114
conceptual and (inter)personal relations, 7, 8,
11 , 12, 14, 86, 91
dance, 125, 197
as in anthropology™s relation. See
Darwin, Charles, 181
˜anthropology™s relation™
dead, the living and the, 144, 148
as duplex, 8
dead, killing of, 155
con¬dentiality, 72, 183
death, in law, 155. See also mortuary
connection and disconnection, 7, 10, 26, 27,
ceremony
32
debate, 17, 19, 50, 51 , 53, 58
as duplex 8
debt, 114, 128, 130, 193
connection,39, 40, 41 , 43, 44, 45, 46, 48, 62,63,
decisions, and decision-making, 17, 18, 24, 31 ,
65, 182
72
and co-implication, as in ˜science™s
decoration. See ornament
relation™, 42
descent groups, 40, 41 , 59, 139, 140, 142, 195
consanguinity, 65
designs, 98, 104, 150, 151 , 159, 160
consent, 118, 164
designs, reproduction of, 104, 105
constitution, and constitutional rights, Papua
detachment,118, 121 , 123, 124, 133, 147, 150, 156,
New Guinea, 115, 128, 190
196
containment, 93, 98, 103, 104, 105
discovery,11 , 12, 13, 21 , 34, 39, 40, 45, 46, 48,59,
context, and contextualisation, 131 , 132,
62, 69, 87, 101 , 115, 171 . See also invention
133
disease, transmission of, 20
co-owners, 158
disenchantment, 102
copyright legislation, 100, 135
dispersal, of agency, 97, 104
copyright,54, 55, 56, 58, 65, 75, 88, 89,105“106,
of designs, 97, 98
125, 135, 136, 137, 149, 159, 175, 176, 180,
of expertise, 100, 107
182, 189, 196, 197, 198
divinity, 62, 116
copyright, and Australian artist, 159. See also
division, 7, 11 , 143, 149, 161
case: banknote design
of labour, 158
Copyright, Design and Patent Act, 1988 (UK),
of parents, 143
175
of persons from persons, 5, 139, 156, 158
corpse, as thing, 156
divorce, 22, 23, 24, 26, 27, 28, 166, 167
correlation, in science, 39
DNA, 25, 26, 37, 40, 173. See also recombinant
court case. See case
DNA
court, 16, 189, 191
223
SUBJECT INDEX


binarism, 145
DNA, relationship testing, 167
glossed and de¬ned, 163
documents, 85
kinship, 8, 12, 27, 28, 47, 167
donatation, of gametes, 24, 28, 31 , 165, 169,
knowledge practices, 13, 84
182, 184. See also egg donation
legal regimes, 149
donor anonymity, 25, 169
Euro-Americans, 9, 11 , 28, 33, 48, 95, 145,
Donor Conception Support Group, 31
147
duplex operator, as tool operating in two
European Parliament and Council Directive
relational modes, 7, 42, 82. See also
on the legal protection of
˜anthropology™s relation™; connection
biotechnological inventions (1998), 102,
and disconnection; ˜science™s relation™
117, 188
duplex relations, 6, 8, 11 , 12, 13, 34, 84, 86, 87,
European Patent Convention, 102
90, 182
exchange relations, 147, 150, 154,
duty of care, 112
197
dwelling, 103, 109, 185
exchange, of women, 111 , 124
experts, 17, 18
egg donation, and donors, 17, 31 , 51 , 76, 184.
expressive genre, 85
See also donation, of gametes
external features, 143
embedded knowledge, 107
external world, 153, 184
emblems, 89, 143, 144, 145, 149
embodied power, 144
family, 26, 27, 36, 37, 44, 45, 69, 167, 168, 170,
embodiment, 96, 116, 152, 153, 155, 161
181 , 182. See also nuclear family
in persons, 154
American, 73, 95
in things, 154
human, 166
of a concept, 56, 106, 122, 123, 124, 129
ideology of, 52, 183
of self, 155
modern, 37, 51 , 53, 72, 73
embryo, 20, 29, 52
˜the informational™, 71 “75. See also ˜the
research, 20
genetic family™
stem cells, 20
traditional, 51 , 54, 72, 73, 173
frozen, 24
father, 52, 69, 83, 173, 177, 178
spare, 32
feminist scholarship, 91 , 136, 170
enchantment, of technology, 94“107, 185. See
fertility clinic, 31
also technology of enchantment
fertility, 147, 193
ends, and means, 85. See also means, and
fertility, bestowal of, 114, 129
ends
fetus, 29“30, 169, 198
English kinship, 31 , 43, 48, 65, 168
¬‚esh, 126, 127
Enlightenment, The, 10, 34, 63, 86, 91 , 172
form, 82, 88, 91 , 121 , 126
enti¬cation, 192
France, 166, 174, 192
entitlement, 125, 127, 133, 142
future and past. See past and future
enumeration, 137, 143, 155
Fuyuge, Papua New Guinea, 146, 196
of children, 139, 140, 141
ephemerality, 151
Galton™s problem, 39
epistemological naturalism, 39
gamete donation, 24, 28, 182, 193. See also
epistemology, 11 , 42, 140, 145, 153, 195
donation
and ontology, 42, 46
genealogical relationships, 138, 139
equality, 128, 131 , 133
genealogy, 26, 46, 60, 70, 143
ethics, and ethicists, 3, 10, 18, 21 , 25, 37,
generations, 144, 146. See also parent and
170
child; grandparent and grandchild
Eurasian kinship systems, 46
generative connotations, 148, 149, 156
Euro-American, 6, 9, 10, 13, 14, 20, 21 , 26, 27,
genes, and genetics, 20, 26, 49, 138, 169. See
33, 42, 43, 129, 150, 152, 153, 154, 158, 160,
also human genome
161 , 163, 165, 171 , 185, 186
224 SUBJECT INDEX


Individual and Community Rights Advocacy
genetic connection as, 27, 166
Forum (ICRAF), 112, 113, 114, 190. See
determinism, 183
also case: ˜head pay™
diversity, 183
individual, person as, 10, 20, 24“30, 36, 37, 38,
heritage, 81 , 165. See also heredity
40, 41 , 43, 46, 47, 66, 73, 88, 95, 104, 116,
identity, 20, 28, 52, 165
157, 158, 167
information, and knowledge, 3, 35, 36, 48,
and society, 126, 180
74, 75, 81 , 170, 183
as subject and agent, 117
manipulation, 18
individual™s will, 153
origins, 72, 182
individualism, 9, 15, 17, 19, 20, 29, 46, 165
solidarity, 21 , 36
individuality, 20, 43
testing, 3, 20, 36, 37, 48, 183
indivisibility, 155, 157
˜genetic family™, 12, 20, 21 , 27, 71 , 72, 73, 75,
industrial revolution, 100
89, 165, 183
information technology, 95
gift, and commodity, 192
information, 20, 35, 36, 49, 62, 69, 72, 75, 99,
globalisation, 95
100, 101 , 124, 178, 183
grandparent and grandchild, 15, 16, 193, 195
about genetic make-up, 35
grandparents, 15, 16, 22, 28, 166, 167. See also
about kin, 69, 71
case: grandparents™ visiting rights
and knowledge, 62, 63, 71
group af¬liation, 142, 143
as kinship substance, 75
as property, 74
˜head pay™, as compensation payment, 114,
informed consent, 3, 5, 36, 75, 184
115, 123, 128. See also case: ˜head pay™
inheritance, 37, 59. See also heritage
Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich 152
initiation, ritual of, 41 , 122, 142, 144, 154
Heidegger, Martin, 185
injury, 114
hereditary disease, 36, 74, 95
inner capacities, 141 , 150
heredity, 20, 21 , 22, 72
innovation, 94, 100, 101 , 109, 189
heritage, 21 , 22, 103, 165
instrumental genre, 85
holistic, 41 , 45
instrumentalism, 90
homicide compensation, 123, 136, 146
intangible, notion of the, 101 , 151 , 152, 153,
household arrangements, 22, 26, 45, 168,
154
181
and the tangible, 147, 197
Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act
intellect, ideology of, 89, 147, 154
(U.K., 1990), 118, 173
intellect, and will, 152
Human Genetics Commission (HGC), 3, 35,
intellectual procreation, 69
43, 81
intellectual property, viii, 25, 56, 105, 122, 136,
human genome, 20, 21 , 35, 165
149, 150, 151 , 161 , 165, 185
Human Organ Transplants Act (U.K., 1989),
intellectual property rights (IPR), regimes of,
119
34, 54, 56, 57, 70, 85, 87, 92, 100, 137, 145,
human rights,86, 111 , 112, 113, 129, 130, 131 ,133,
150, 160, 175, 197. See also copyright;
191 , 193
patent; moral rights
Human Tissue Act (U.K., 1961), 119
intending parent, 52, 53, 56, 166, 174, 176
intent, 82, 83, 175
Iatmul, Papua New Guinea,
to conceive, 83
Iceland, biogenetic project, 164
to marry, 68, 83
ICRAF. See Individual and Community
interior body. See inner capacities
Rights Advocacy Forum
internal powers, 144
image, 88, 89, 104, 105, 106, 121 , 122, 125, 129,
international community, 136, 146
132, 145, 150, 151 , 159, 188, 192, 196, 197
International Council for Science (ICSU), 33
imagination, 99
interpersonal relations. See personal
incest, 31
relations
indigenous knowledge, 138
225
SUBJECT INDEX


and kinship, 10
interests, as singular or plural, 137
French, 74, 192
as social or individual, 36
in United States, 164, 170
invention, 11 , 12, 13, 34, 39, 40, 44, 48, 56, 58,
of property, 160. See also intellectual
62, 87, 94, 95“108, 115, 173
property rights
and discovery, 34, 87, 109. See also
lawyers, 12
discovery; ˜science™s relation™
legal discourse, 29, 131
inventiveness, 7, 13, 89, 92, 109
legal knowledge, expressive and instrumental,
inventor, 92, 95, 101 , 137, 154, 158, 188, 198
86
IPR. See intellectual property rights
legal person, 155
IVF (in-vitro fertlisation) practices, 17, 19, 24,
legal right, 131 , 155
31 , 32, 168, 169
legal technique, 111
legal ˜thing™, 31 , 119
Johnson™s dictionary, 45
legal thinking, 29
legislation. See Acts of Parliament (U.K.);
Kamea, Papua New Guinea, 82“83, 87, 90, 91 ,
Model Law
198
Leibniz, Gottfried, 180
kin terminologies, 41 , 182
L´ vi-Strauss, Claude, 30, 47, 171 , 172
e
kinship, vii, 6, 7, 8, 9, 26, 27, 43, 44, 46, 48, 51 ,
liability, 112
59, 60, 64, 65, 69, 71 , 83, 84, 87, 127, 137,
life force, 93, 97, 98, 101 , 144, 154, 187
161 , 167, 180, 181 , 182. See also origins;
life, 96, 98, 102, 142, 147, 154, 157
English kinship
life-cycle payments, 123
and knowledge, 4, 48, 49, 57, 60, 67, 69, 70,
litigation, 31 , 51 . See also case in the courts
74, 75, 160
and law, 10
magic, 161
as scienti¬c. See ˜scienti¬c kinship system™
Malanggan ¬gures, New Ireland, Papua New
as traditional, 115
Guinea; Vanuatu, 88, 89, 92“108, 150, 160,
atom of, 172
184, 186, 187, 188, 189, 197
Euro-American, 8, 11 , 12, 27, 28, 167
Malanggan, as body, 93
relations, 36, 37, 147
Malanggan name, 154
studies, 6
male initiation. See initiation, ritual of
systems, 41 , 43, 82, 91 , 142, 181
marriage, 23, 40, 65, 75, 112, 123, 167
the ˜new™, vii
marriage rules, 144, 193
knowledge, 3, 10, 35, 36, 37, 38, 42, 83, 146, 151 ,
Marx, Karl, 180
153
masks, 93, 96, 160
and information, 8, 71
material things, 150, 152, 153
and kinship. See kinship and knowledge
materiality, 152
instrumental application of, 87
maternal kin, 112“114, 116, 121 , 122, 123, 124,
non-epistemic, 88
125, 127, 128, 140, 142, 159. See also
of the world, 5 passim, 5, 153
mother™s brother; sister™s child
parental, 5
mathematics, 143. See also arithmetic
right to use, 104
maturation rites. See initiation, ritual of
sacred, 196
means, and ends, 85, 90. See also ends, and
as technology, 151
means
knowledge practices, 33, 84, 85
media, debates in the, 7
Melanesian practices, 13, 89, 140, 161 . See also
labour, and labour power, 152
Papua New Guinea; Vanuatu
land claims, 83, 122, 144, 146, 160, 198
memory, 104, 105, 106, 150, 151 , 155
land, as productive, 59, 152
Mendelian inheritance, 3
law, viii, 10, 12, 13, 25, 29, 31 , 34, 85, 86, 88, 99,
mental conception, 55“57, 65, 176. See also
135, 146, 155, 157, 167, 168, 173, 189, 197
intending parent
and bodily processes, 168, 169
226 SUBJECT INDEX


Nekgini speakers (Reite), Papua New Guinea,
mental processes, 154
122, 148, 198
merographic connection, 168, 171
new genetics, 3, 15, 35
middle class, 44, 45, 190
New Ireland, Papua New Guinea, 87, 88,
families, 4, 28, 45
92“109, 150, 187, 189
in Papua New Guinea, 113
new reproductive technologies, 12, 71 , 186. See
mind, 126, 151 , 153, 154, 156, 170, 197
also assisted conception
Minj, Papua New Guinea, 112, 120, 127
NGO (non-governmental organisation), 112,
Model Law, for the protection of traditional
138. See also ICRAF
knowledge and expressions of culture
North Asia, 144
in the Paci¬c islands, 85, 86, 196, 198
nuclear family, 16, 18, 20, 21 , 22, 23, 24, 26, 28,
modernity, 89, 92, 113, 116
31 , 166
modernity, and tradition. See tradition, and
Nuf¬eld Council on Bioethics, 117, 118“120,
modernity
165
molecular biology, 170
nurture, 90, 126, 127, 138, 141

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