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251“2, 255, 257, 272“3, 280, 283, 287,
144, 153, 272
Nominal p-circuit, 45, 273 296, 299, 301, 305
Power quality, 2, 9, 41
Nonlinear loads, 9
Power systems, 3, 5, 6, 9“11, 14, 20, 28“9,
33“4, 40“1, 43“5, 47, 49, 52, 70, 73, 83,
Objective function, 267“9, 271“2, 287, 292,
86, 89, 90, 93“4, 96“9, 101, 104, 111,
296, 301, 307
118, 144“5, 150, 153“4, 231“2, 249,
One-line diagram, 9
264, 267“9, 272, 274, 283, 286, 288“91,
Open-circuit test, 70
301, 307, 331, 339
Operating frequencies, 9, 13, 29
Primary winding, 14, 73, 75“6, 121, 131, 134,
Optimality conditions, 272, 279, 283
145, 148, 284“5, 287“9
PS, 4, 6, 84, 148“54, 156, 161
Partial conduction, 4, 12
Pulse-width modulation (PWM), 33, 45
Partial derivatives, 98, 190, 202, 250“2, 254,
PVT bus, 135, 145, 183
271“3, 284, 288, 298, 307
402 INDEX

Shunt compensation, 5, 11, 43, 61, 63, 89, 104,
Quadratic cost function, 280
167, 274, 319
Quadratic penalty function, 277, 284, 288, 293,
Shun converters, 37, 200“1, 213, 262, 301, 305
299, 304
Shunt susceptance, 155, 158“9, 170, 291“2
Skin effect, 47“8, 50
Reactive limits, 104, 130“1
Slack bus, 97, 99, 101“4, 112, 145, 169, 235,
Reactive power, 1, 3“5, 9“10, 12“3, 16, 28“30,
268
33“8, 40“1, 56, 83, 93“4, 96“7, 99“103,
Slatt substation, 19
111, 118“9, 121, 129, 131, 146, 148, 150,
Solid-state controllers, 4
157“8, 167“9, 171“2, 178, 181, 191, 199,
Sparsity, 104, 144“5, 272, 279, 283
201, 213, 215, 218, 225, 227“8, 232“3,
SSSC, 5“6, 29, 35“6, 38, 40, 42, 44“5, 246
236, 247, 251“2, 259, 261“2, 264“5, 277,
Stability, 1“3, 10, 19, 20, 93
280“3, 285, 287, 289, 292, 294“6, 299,
Star-delta, 89“91
301“2, 204“7, 312, 315“6, 318“9, 321“2,
Star-star, 86, 88, 91
329, 331, 335“6
STATCOM, 4, 6, 11“2, 37“8, 42, 45, 169,
Resistive effects, 45, 60
206“10, 213“5, 233“4, 238, 245, 250, 277,
Right of way, 89
279“82, 285, 358“60
RMS, 13, 14, 73, 86
State estimation, 2“3
Rotating load, 86“7
State variables, 94, 97“8, 101“2, 120“1,
Rotor circuit, 83“4
133“4, 145“6, 154“5, 158, 162, 168, 171,
Round rotor, 82
173, 192, 227“9, 234, 236, 249“53, 256,
259“60, 262, 268“9, 261“2, 265“6,
Saliency, 43, 83, 86, 90
278“9, 283“4, 287“8, 291“3, 296“8,
Salient pole rotor, 86
301, 303
Secondary winding, 14, 16, 71, 72, 73, 75, 119,
Static load, 86“7, 90
122, 132, 284“5, 288, 290
Stator, 82“6
Second derivative, 273, 276“7, 284, 293, 299,
Steady-state, 2“6, 11“2, 19“21, 23, 34“5, 41,
304
44, 83“4, 86“7, 89, 93“4, 97, 150, 153“4,
Self-potential coef¬cients, 47
200, 267, 269
Semiconductor device, 5, 28, 30, 41
Subsynchronous resonance, 4, 10
Sequence domain, 11, 15, 28, 41, 44, 57, 67“9,
SVC, 6, 11“3, 17“9, 22, 31, 36“7, 44“5, 79,
79, 80, 84, 89, 257, 261, 264
169“86, 206, 245, 247, 250, 268“72,
Sequence
280“1, 285, 306, 316“21, 336
Negative, 16, 18, 68, 70, 80“1, 85“6, 88, 236,
Symmetrical components, 15“6, 18, 51, 67“8,
244, 246“7, 253
79“80, 88“9
Positive, 2, 6, 8, 16, 18, 33, 41, 44, 56, 68,
Synchronous, 82“4, 191, 200, 216, 227“9, 331,
70, 80“1, 85, 88, 90, 104, 113, 162, 191,
335
231“2, 234, 236, 244“6, 249, 253,
Condenser, 4, 34, 145“6, 331
261, 273
Generator, 34, 43, 82“3, 89, 146, 168, 171,
Zero, 16, 18, 68“70, 80“1, 85, 88, 236, 244“7
231, 236, 275, 319
Series capacitor bank, 10, 231
Motor, 86“7, 90
Series capacitors, 3, 11
Compensator, 10, 191, 216
Series compensation, 2“4, 11, 40, 43, 60“1, 63,
89, 172, 178, 200, 229, 249, 319
TCR, 4, 6, 13“7, 19, 21“3, 30, 45, 177, 182,
Series reactance, 5, 172“3, 180, 182, 188, 227
268“9
Series converters, 37, 200“1, 215, 262, 301
TCSC, 4, 6, 11, 13, 19, 21“4, 26“31, 45, 169,
Series controllers, 173
177, 186“200, 202“6, 221, 245“6, 250,
Short line, 60, 66
272“5, 277, 285, 306, 321, 323, 325“6
Short-circuit level, 3, 10
Tertiary winding, 73, 75
Short-circuit test, 70“1, 76
THD, 22
Short-term interruptions, 93
Thermal limit, 1, 3, 5, 93
Shunt admittances, 45“7, 56, 59“60, 227, 231
403
INDEX

´
Thevenin equivalent, 74 Overmodulation, 32
Thyristor, 4“5, 9“12, 14, 16, 20“4, 28“9, 41, Square-wave, 32
Voltage, 2, 4, 9, 12“4, 20“4, 29“30, 32, 34“5,
159, 227, 249, 251, 253
Transformation matrices, 53“4, 61, 77 37, 40“1, 43“5, 50“1, 53, 55“6, 62“3,
Transformers, 1, 5, 10, 14, 16, 30, 34, 38, 43“4, 69“73, 76“8, 83“4, 87“9, 93“5, 97,
111“2, 121, 129, 153, 155“8, 166“7,
56, 70“81, 89, 93“4, 102“4, 112, 119, 121,
171, 191, 199“200, 202, 216“7, 231“3,
131, 134, 148, 155“6, 166, 169“70, 201,
244, 247, 249, 270, 274, 293, 299, 306,
216, 231, 236, 262, 268, 286, 305, 315, 331
Single-phase, 70, 76, 119, 132, 231 313
Tap-changing, 4, 72“3, 75, 119, 121“2, 145, Limits, 1, 5, 43, 55
148, 150, 154, 268, 283, 285 Magnitude, 3“6, 16, 35“7, 39“40, 72, 83, 88,
Three-winding, 16, 73 93“4, 97, 99“102, 111“2, 117, 119“21,
127“31, 141, 148“50, 154“5, 158, 166“9,
Two-winding, 70“2, 75, 121, 287
171, 178, 191“2, 198“9, 201“2, 213, 216,
Three-phase, 44, 75“7, 81, 89, 231, 236
218, 225, 227, 229, 236, 244, 246, 249“50,
Transmission, 2“4, 6, 9“11, 28, 30, 38, 43“4,
252“3, 257, 260“2, 264“5, 267“70,
51, 56, 60“1, 70, 76, 93, 96, 99“100,
272“3, 275, 279“85, 287“9, 291“6, 299,
111“2, 153“4, 231“2, 267“8, 307, 311“2,
301“2, 305“7
315, 329, 339
Phase angle, 6, 33, 36, 39, 93“4, 97, 99“101,
Transmission line, 1“6, 10“1, 18, 20, 43“8,
111“2, 141, 154“5, 192, 198, 200, 227,
50“2, 54“6, 59“63, 66“70, 80, 89, 93, 102,
236, 244, 246, 251, 253, 257, 264, 267“9,
112, 115, 118, 127“8, 140“1, 143, 153,
272“3, 279, 283, 287“89, 292, 295“6, 299,
171, 178“9, 187, 199, 213, 215, 225, 228,
231, 235“6, 244“5, 264“5, 268“70, 301, 305“6
273“4, 282, 285, 289“90, 297, 299, 305“6, Source, 5, 29, 34“5, 38“9, 41, 191, 200, 213,
216, 227“9, 301, 305“6
313, 317, 319, 322“4, 327, 330
Nodal, 27, 37, 94“5, 102, 115, 117“22, 129,
Parameters, 44“5, 48, 50, 55“6, 59“61, 69,
131, 141, 145, 147, 157, 169, 178, 188, 225,
89, 150, 245
232, 247, 249, 274, 279, 281“2, 285, 301,
Losses, 1, 38, 43, 290, 307, 311, 322, 340
306
Cost, 93
Voltage source converters (VSC), 9, 10“2, 29,
32“40, 159, 217, 219, 225“6, 233“5, 243,
UPFC, 6, 12, 32, 40“2, 44“6, 169, 216“7,
245
219“24, 228“33, 243, 245“8, 256, 281“2,
284“5, 306, 327, 329“32, 334“6, 358“60
Wave propagation equation, 61, 66
Waveform, 13, 24, 29, 30, 93, 191, 200,
Voltage control, 3, 9, 32
216
Linear, 32

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