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Hazelwood Power Station and, 51
362, 372
IFC and, 308
Friends of the Earth v. Laidlaw Environmental
indirect, 48
Services, 207
intensity, 11
Friends of the Earth v. Mosbacher, 362, 372
OPEC and, 10
Friends of the Earth v. Watson, 21, 65, 334
as planning issue, 52
Friendship, Commerce and Navigation (FCN),
quanti¬cation of, 117
345
Republic Party and, 91“92
Frug, Gerald, 87, 282
UNFCCC and, 353
FWS. See Fish and Wildlife Service
United States and, 10, 13, 280, 315
upstream, 63
G8, 13, 14
Greenland, 7, 276
G77, 19
Greenpeace New Zealand v. Northland Regional
Garber v. Whittaker, 116
Gbemre, Jonah, 179 Council and Mighty River Power Limited,
GCI. See Global Climate Initiative 22“23
Grossman, David, 26
Geer v. Connecticut, 102, 108
GEF. See Global Environment Facility Guerra v. Italy, 187
general liability insurance (CGL). See liability
H2 CO3 . See carbonic acid
insurance
generic causation, 216“219 H2 O. See water vapor
haddock, 316
Genesis Power Ltd. and the Energy Ef¬ciency and
Hafetz, Jonathan, 326
Conservation Authority v. Franklin District
Hall, Dale, 161
Council, 23, 72“98, 334
background of, 76“80 Hamilton, Bruce, 83
United States and, 74“75 handguns, 199, 204
wind turbines and, 76 Hardin, Garrett, 73, 78
Hazelwood Power Station, 50“55
Georgia v. Tennessee Copper Co., 108
GermanWatch, 23“24, 334 brown coal and, 50“51
CO2 and, 51
GermanWatch v. Euler Hermes AG, 334
Germany, 362 greenhouse gases and, 51
HCO3 ’1 . See bicarbonate ions
Access to Environmental Information Act of, 24
actions in, 23“24 Hensler, Deborah, 248
Index
392


Inter-American Development Bank, 293, 310“311
Her Majesty v. City of Detroit, 109
Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission,
herring, 316
Hirschman, Albert, 41 332
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
honesty-in-pleading requirements, 249
(IPCC), 2, 265, 361
Huascar´ n National Park, 255
a
criticism of, 36
human rights, 173“192. See also speci¬c human
First Assessment Report of, 38
rights organizations
Minnesota and, 43
in Colombia, 186
Nobel Peace Prize to, 355, 375
in India, 186
Special Report on Emissions Scenarios of, 319
Inuit Petition and, 281“282
United Nations Environment Programme and,
tradition of, 181“185
Hunter, David, 27, 122, 375 36
USGS and, 160
Hurricane Katrina, 196, 230
World Meteorological Organization and, 36
International Bank for Reconstruction and
IBRD. See International Bank for Reconstruction
Development (IBRD), 295
and Development
International Center for the Settlement of
Iceland, 341“342
Investment Disputes (ICSID), 295
ICJ. See International Court of Justice
International Council for Local Environmental
ICLEI. See International Council on Local
Initiatives Climate Protection Campaign,
Environmental Initiatives
ICSID. See International Center for the 279
International Council on Local Environmental
Settlement of Investment Disputes
Initiatives (ICLEI), 95
IDA. See International Development Association
International Court of Justice (ICJ), 27, 334“356
Idaho Forest Industry v. Hayden Lake Watershed
advisory opinions, 348“350
Improvement District, 105
binding resolution and, 342“343
IEA. See International Energy Agency
jurisdiction of, 345“347
IFC. See International Finance Corporation
Kyoto Protocol and, 339
IFIs. See international ¬nancial institutions
standing to sue and, 347
Illinois Central Railroad Co. v. Illinois, 103
United States and, 341, 345
Illinois v. City of Milwaukee, 211
International Covenant on Civil and Political
In the Matter of Quanti¬cation of Environmental
Rights, 183, 186
Costs, 32, 36
International Development Association (IDA),
An Inconvenient Truth (Gore), 357
independent treaty, 345“347 295
International Energy Agency (IEA), 6
India, 18
international environmental lawmaking, 357“374
coal-¬red plants in, 6, 62
International Finance Corporation (IFC), 293,
energy demands in, 6
human rights in, 186 295
Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline and, 303“304
indigenous peoples, 284“285. See also Inuit
CAO of, 303“309
indirect greenhouse gases, 48, 68“70
Chad-Cameroon pipeline and, 303“304
EP&A and, 61
CO2 and, 308
Nathan Dam and, 59
Industrial Revolution, 3 EHS of, 308
industry practice, 205 fossil fuels and, 303“304
initial policy determination, 215 greenhouse gases and, 308
injunctive relief, 120, 121“122 Performance Standards of, 306
standards for, 223“224 Policy on Social and Environmental
institutionalism, 95“97 Sustainability of, 306
Mayor™s Climate Change Protection soft law declarations, 353“355
Agreement and, 95 treaties, 353“355
insurance, 230“251 international ¬nancial institutions (IFIs), 292“313
intentional injury, 241“242 International Law Commission, 351“352
Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, International Liability for Injurious
Consequences Arising from Hazardous
25, 174, 186, 279, 369, 378
Inuit Petition and, 272 Activities, 351
Index 393


Canada and, 364
international local government law, 87
Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), 294
International Paper Co. v. Ouelette, 213
coal-¬red plants and, 62
International Power, 50“51
EU and, 16
international relations theory, 85
fair-share principle and, 111
constructivism in, 93“95
ICJ and, 339
structural realism in, 86
Japan and, 16
International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea
MoP to, 365
(ITLOS), 326, 331
Turkey and, 341
International Union for Conservation of Nature
UNFCCC and, 341
(IUCN), 163
United States and, 11, 18, 256, 340“341
Inuit Circumpolar Conference, 174, 276, 381
WHC and, 265
Inuit Petition, 25, 272“290, 367
World Bank and, 302
geography of, 275“282
human rights and, 281“282
Inter-American Commission on Human Rights Laborers Local 17 Health & Bene¬t Fund v. Philip
and, 272 Morris, Inc., 219
IPCC. See Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Lake Mich. Federation v. U.S. Army Corps of
Change Engineers, 100
land use
Ireland, 341“342, 345“346
in United States, 82
Isaac Plains Mine, 55“59
urban politics and, 72“98
Islamic Republic of Iran v. United States, 346
Large Cities Climate Change Leadership Group,
Italy, 341“342
ITLOS. See International Tribunal for the Law of 95
Latrobe Planning Scheme, 51
the Sea
lead, 36
IUCN. See International Union for Conservation
of Nature Leonard v. Nationwide Ins. Co., 231
liability insurance, 231“235
Izaak Walton League, 35
California v. General Motors Corp. and, 231
defense cost recoupment and, 245“246
Japan
duty to defend, 236“237
as DWFN, 316
economic implications of, 246“251
Kyoto Protocol and, 16
expected injury and, 241“242
Japan Bank of International Cooperation, 310“311
fortuity and, 241“242
jeopardy, 147
history of, 235“236
ESA and, 167“170
intentional injury and, 241“242
JI. See Joint Implementation
occurrences and, 241“242
Jicarilla Apache Tribe v. Supron Energy Corp., 104
political implications of, 246“251
joint action theory, 190
pollution exclusion in, 245
Joint Implementation (JI), 294
structure of, 235“236
jurisdiction
triggering of, 239“241
of ICJ, 345“347
liberalism, 90“93
by independent treaty, 345“347
Lieberman-Warner Climate Security Act, 15
justiciability and, 214“216
Liechtenstein, 341“342
nested, 118“119
Lindzen, Richard, 36
preemption and, 210“214
litigation insurance, 235
tort-based litigation and, 206“216
Livingstone, Ken, 94
justiciability, 214“216
local governments. See urban politics
Kantor, Paul, 87 Lopez-Ostra v. Spain, 187
Luntz, Frank, 132
Keck, Margaret, 93
Kempthorne, Dirk, 161
Maheu, Ren´ , 258
e
Kittlitz™s murrelet, 165
major federal actions, 62
Klein, Allan, 32, 35
malnutrition, 5
Kyoto Protocol, 11, 341“342
marine areas, 56
Annex I Parties and, 17, 268, 341“342, 344
marine scienti¬c research (MSR), 329
Australia and, 50, 256, 340“341
Index
394


market share theory of liability, 247 NAACP v. Township of Mount Laurel, 120
NAAQS. See National Ambient Air Quality
Massachusetts v. EPA, 20“21, 26, 65, 127“144, 331,
Standards
336, 362, 364, 379
NARUC. See National Association of Regulatory
actors in, 134“135
Commissioners
CAA and, 134
Nathan Dam, 58
claims of, 135“140
indirect greenhouse gases and, 59
domestic vs. international, 140“141
National Ambient Air Quality Standards
international implications of, 140“143
(NAAQS), 138
local vs. state vs. federal, 141“142
National Association of Regulatory
public vs. private, 142“143
Commissioners (NARUC), 43
scale vs. science in, 134
National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), 21,
sea levels and, 137
standing to sue in, 135“138, 207 62, 101, 334
CEQ and, 67
substantive claims in, 138“140
national heritage places, 56
Mattoon v. City of Pitts¬eld, 213
National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), 145
Mayagna (Sumo) Awas Tingni Community v.
natural capital, 117
Nicaragua, 283
natural gas
Mayor™s Climate Change Protection Agreement,
CH4 and, 300
84, 94
institutionalism and, 95 CO2 and, 300
McAllister, Lesley, 26, 381 natural gas ¬‚aring, 24
MDBs. See multilateral development banks in Nigeria, 173“192
Meetings of the Parties (MoP), 365 in United States, 176
methane (CH4 ), 3, 5 natural greenhouse effect, 3
natural gas and, 300 negligence, 203“206
Michaels, Pat, 36 contributory, 205
state of the art and, 205
Michie v. Great Lakes Steel Division, 227
MIGA. See Multilateral Investment Guarantee NEPA. See National Environmental Policy Act
Agency Nepal, 255
migratory species, 56 nested jurisdictions, 118“119
Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Series, 259 Netherlands, 345“346
Minnesota Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency,
environmental cost value regulation in, 31“47 17
IPCC and, 43 New South Wales Land and Environment Court,
Minnesota Court of Appeals, 38“39 59
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA), New Urbanists, 81
compact development and, 92
35, 37
Minnesota Public Utilities Commission, 32, 35 New York v. EPA, 334
Minnesota Supreme Court, 43 New Zealand, 22“23
Minnesotans for an Energy Ef¬cient Environment Court of, 72“98
Environment, 35 Genesis Power Ltd. and the Energy Ef¬ciency
monk seals, 146 and Conservation Authority v. Franklin
MoP. See Meetings of the Parties District Council, 72“98
MPCA. See Minnesota Pollution Control Agency Kyoto Protocol and, 341“342
MSR. See marine scienti¬c research Resource Management Act of, 73, 75
multilateral development banks (MDBs), 292, 294 Newman, Peter, 87
Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency Newmont Corporation, 305
(MIGA), 295, 303“309 Newsom, Gavin, 94
Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline and, 303“304 NGOs. See nongovernmental organizations
Chad-Cameroon pipeline and, 303“304 Nicaragua, 283, 345
fossil fuels and, 303“304 Nickels, Greg, 119
multinational corporations, 188, 190 Niger Delta, 175“178
multiscalar, 376 oil spills in, 176
municipal cost recovery rule, 227 Nigeria
musical suburbs, 83 actions in, 24
Index 395


Environmental Impact Assessment Act of, 187 Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC),
natural gas ¬‚aring in, 173“192 21, 65, 310“311
OPEC and, 176 owner™s, landlord™s, and tenant™s insurance
WAGP in, 297 (OTL), 235
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation ozone (O3 ), 3
(NNPC), 175, 179
nitrogen oxide, 36 Paci¬c Coast Federation of Fishermen™s
nitrous oxide, 4“5 Associations v. U.S. Bureau of Reclamation,
NMFS. See National Marine Fisheries Service 110
NNPC. See Nigerian National Petroleum Pachauri, Rajendra, 265
Corporation Paci¬c island developing countries (PIDCs), 7“8
nonderivative harms, 226 pacta sunt servanda, 262, 329
nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), 18. See Pangue Dam, 306
PE Act. See Planning and Environmental Act of
also speci¬c organizations
ESA and, 149 1987
World Heritage Committee and, 255 Pelosi, Nancy, 277
Nonintercourse Act of 1793, 212 Performance Standards, 306
Northern legal systems, 287“289 permafrost, 5, 281
Norway, 341“342 Peru
nuclear actions, 56 Huascar´ n National Park in, 255
a
nuisance. See public nuisance Yanacocha gold mine in, 305
Peterson, Paul, 86
Nw. Envtl. Def. Ctr. v. Owens Corning Corp., 362
pH, 318“320
O3 . See ozone Philippines, 101
OAS. See Organization of American States Phoenix, Arizona, 119
Obama, Barack, 13, 14, 19, 31, 75“76, 130, 144, 172, PIDCs. See Paci¬c island developing countries
PL. See public liability insurance
211, 273, 276, 278, 341, 355, 373, 375, 379, 381,
plankton, 5, 317
382
obligation erga omnes, 347 Planning and Environmental Act of 1987
occurrences, liability insurance and, 241“242 (PE Act), 50
oceans, 5. See also sea levels Poland, 316
acidity of, 318“320 polar bears, 145
CO2 and, 8, 317 ESA and, 154“162, 381
as threatened species, 162
OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises,
Policy on Social and Environmental
23“24
Sustainability, 306
oil spills, 176
political question doctrine, 214
O™Neill, Tip, 92
pollution exclusion
Opasa v. Factoran, 101
OPEC Connecticut v. American Electric Power Co.
and, 245
greenhouse gas and, 10
in liability insurance, 245
Nigeria and, 176
Operating Procedures (OPs), 298 State of California v. General Motors Corp.
and, 244“245
OPIC. See Overseas Private Investment
Corporation Pollution Prevention and Abatement Handbook
(World Bank),
OPs. See Operating Procedures
Organization of American States (OAS), 279, 378 301
popsicle test, 82
Organization of Economic Cooperation and
Porter, Michael, 86
Development, 11
Portland, Oregon, 84
orphan share. See carbon orphan shares
Portugal, 341“342
Osofsky, Hari, 26, 27, 383
Power Sector Generation & Reconstruction, 301
Ostrom, Elinor, 80
precautionary principle, 328“329
other means of peaceful settlement, 343
preemption
OTL. See owner™s, landlord™s, and tenant™s
common law and, 210“214
insurance
in tort-based litigation, 210“214
outstanding universal values, 258, 265, 269
Index
396


Royal Dutch/Shell Group, 173“192
Prevention of Transboundary Damage from
pro¬ts of, 184
Hazardous Activities, 351
rule of reciprocity, 340
prisoner™s dilemma, 95“97
Russia, 18
private city, 87
Inuit Circumpolar Conference and, 276
products liability, 199“206
design defects and, 201“203
Sagarmatha National Park, 255
warning defects and, 200“201
Saleska, Scott, 40
property taxes, 82
salmon, 120, 147
proximate causation, 219, 222
San Bernardino County, 74
public nuisance and, 220
pteropods, 320 Sandoz Chemical Fire, 352
Sassen, Saskia, 87
public goods, 41, 102
Savitch, H.V., 87
urban politics and, 82
Sayre, Nathan, 130, 131, 132
public liability insurance (PL), 235
scale, 130, 285
public nuisance, 195“199
debates over, 132“133
CAA and, 213
as lens on science and law, 133
California and, 196
vs. science, 134
proximate causation and, 220
scienti¬c uncertainty and, 138
public trust assets, 108“109
scale-dependent, 376
public trust law, 101“104
scienti¬c uncertainty, 131“132
public vs. private, 142“143
scale and, 138
Inuit Petition and, 286“287
sea levels, 7, 359
coastal ¬‚ooding and, 9
QCoal, 56
See Massachusetts v. EPA and, 137
quasi-realism, 86“90
Seattle, Washington, 118, 119“120
Queensland, 55“59
Seminole Nation v. United States, 104
shared interests. See co-tenancy
Rabe, Barry, 42
Shell. See Royal Dutch/Shell Group
race to the top, 42
Shell Petroleum Development Company, 190
radioactive waste, 186
Siegel, Kassie, 26, 381
Ratner, Steve, 190
Sierra Club, 84
reciprocity, rule of, 340
signi¬cant damage, 234
recovery plan. See carbon budget
Sikkink, Kathryn, 93
relief
Silent Spring (Carson), 355
declaratory, 115
Silk, Richard, 332
injunctive, 120, 121“122, 223“224
in tort-based litigation, 222“229 Sindell v. Abbott Labs, 348
Sinden, Amy, 26
Report on the State of Conservation of Waterton
smart growth, 91
Glacier International Peace Park,
snail darter, 146
269
soft law declarations, 353“355
Republican Party, 91“92
solar radiation, 2
res communes, 108
Somalia, 341
res of the trust, 104“106
Sonoma Mine, 55“59
Resnik, Judith, 41
South Korea, 345“346
Resource Management Act, 73, 75
as DWFN, 316
Restatement of Torts, 111, 196, 219
Spain
UNFSA and, 330
as DWFN, 316
Rio Declaration, 268, 354
Kyoto Protocol and, 341“342
risk
Special Project Facilitator (SPF), 310
assumption of, 205, 206
Special Report on Emissions Scenarios (IPCC),
environmental, 230
foreseeable, 202 319
special solicitude, 207, 209
risk-bene¬t test, for design defects, 202
species. See also Endangered Species Act
Roderick, Peter, 375
extinction, 8“9
Ross Sea, 320
Index 397


Thailand, 345“346
migratory, 56
Thornley, Andy, 87
threatened, 56, 162
Thorson, Erica Jayne, 27
speci¬c causation, 216“219
threatened species, 56
SPF. See Special Project Facilitator
polar bears as, 162
staghorn coral, 149“154
Thucydides, 85
standing to sue, 63“66
Tiebout, Charles, 82
in Australia, 63“64
Time (magazine), 355
ICJ and, 347
tort-based litigation, 193“230
in Massachusetts v. EPA, 135“138, 207
Alien Tort Claims Act, 178, 190
in tort-based litigation, 206“210
breach of duty, 203“206
in United States, 64“65
causation in, 216“222
state action
defenses, 203“206
by Minnesota, 31“47
jurisdiction and, 206“216
problem with, 188“191
negligence, 203“206
variation in, 46
preemption in, 210“214
State Electricity Commission of Victoria,
products liability, 199“206
51
public nuisance, 195“199
State of California v. General Motors Corp.,
relief in, 222“229
21
Restatement of Torts, 111, 196, 219, 330
State of Connecticut v. American Electric Power
standing to sue in, 206“210
Co., 21
substantiality in, 219“222
state of the art, 206
trading up, 42
negligence and, 205
tragedy of the commons, 73, 78
State Parties, 258“259, 261“264
Trail Smelter arbitration, 352
UNFSA and, 324
transnational advocacy networks (TANs), 93, 94,
United States and, 268
State v. City of Bowling Green, 105 370“371
transnational legal process, 381
Stempel, Jeff, 26
transportation
Stern Review on the Economics of Climate
CO2 from, 80
Change, 10
Stern, Stephanie, 26 in United States, 80
Stockholm Declaration, 354 travaux pr´ paratoires, 263
e
Straddling Fish Stocks Agreement, 354 treaties, 353“355
Strauss, Andrew, 27, 332 Treaty of Amity, Economic Relations, and
structural realism Consular Rights, 346
in international relations theory, 86 triggering, of liability insurance, 239“241
urban politics and, 86 Trisolini, Katherine, 26
substantiality, 219“222 trusts. See atmospheric trust litigation
substantive claims, 138“140 tuna, 316
sulfur dioxide, 36 Turkey, 341
Tuvalu, 339
Summer v. Tice, 348
Sunder, Madhavi, 282
surface temperatures, 2 UNCLOS. See United Nations Convention on
Sweden, 341“342 the Law of the Sea
symbolic regulation, 31, 39“42 UNCSFS. See United Nations Conference on
Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory
Taiwan, 316 Fish Stocks
take prohibition, 170“171 under color of law test, 189
Talaka, Koloa, 339 UNESCO. See United Nations Educational,
TANs. See transnational advocacy networks Scienti¬c and Cultural Organization
Target for U.S. Emissions Reductions, 110 UNFCCC. See United Nations Framework
carbon accounting and, 118 Convention on Climate Change
Te Iwi O Ngati Te Ata, 76 UNFSA. See United Nations Fish Stocks
Agreement
Tennessee Valley Authority v. Hill, 146
terra nullius (empty lands), 284 Union of Concerned Scientists, 110
Index
398


United Nations greenhouse gas and, 10, 13, 280, 315
FAO, 322 ICJ and, 341, 345
Rio Declaration of, 268, 354 Inuit Circumpolar Conference and, 276
WHO and, 348“349 Kyoto Protocol and, 11, 18, 256, 340“341
United Nations Conference on Environment and land use in, 82
Development, 323, 354 Mayor™s Climate Change Protection
United Nations Conference on Straddling Fish Agreement in, 84, 94
Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks natural gas ¬‚aring in, 176
(UNCSFS), 323 NEPA in, 62
United Nations Convention on the Law of the Nicaragua and, 345
Sea (UNCLOS), 314, 321“323 standing to sue in, 64“65
EEZs and, 322 State Parties and, 268
United Nations Educational, Scienti¬c and transportation in, 80
Cultural Organization (UNESCO), UNFSA and, 315
WHC and, 267
257
United Nations Environment Program, 2 United States v. 1.58 Acres of Land, 107
FAO, 332 United States v. Gouveia, 184
IPCC and, 36 United States v. Metro. Dist. Comm™n, 122
urban politics and, 96 United States v. White Mountain Apache Tribe,
United Nations Fish Stocks Agreement (UNFSA), 105
unreasonable injury, 195
27, 314“333
binding resolution and, 325 upstream greenhouse gases, 63
causation and, 326“331 uranium mining, 56
China and, 315 urban politics, 72“98
European Union and, 315 CO2 and, 74, 78
Restatement of Torts and, 330 land use and, 72“98
State Parties and, 324 liberalism and, 90“93
United States and, 315 public goods and, 82
United Nations Framework Convention on quasi-realism and, 86“90
Climate Change (UNFCCC), 10, 109, structural realism and, 86
United Nations Environment Program and, 96
361
Annex I Parties, 17, 268, 341“342, 344 VMT and, 83
Canada and, 364 Uruguay, 306
Carbon Finance Unit (CFU), 294 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), 160
CoP to, 365 IPCC and, 160
GEF and, 294 USGS. See U.S. Geological Survey
greenhouse gas and, 353
Kyoto Protocol and, 341 vehicle miles traveled (VMT), 81
World Heritage Commission and, 266 urban politics and, 83
World Bank and, 302 Verheyen, Roda, 330
United Nations Human Rights Committee, Victoria
EE Act of, 51“52
186
United States, 362 PE Act of, 50
actions in, 20“22 Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal, 50
atmospheric trust litigation in, 112 Vienna Convention, 262, 263
Bill of Rights of, 182 Villaraigosa, Antonio, 94
carbon trading and, 18 VMT. See vehicle miles traveled
CO2 and, 80 Volkswagen, 23“24
Volpp, Leti, 282
coal-¬red plants in, 6, 62
Department of Energy of, 117
WAGP. See West African natural gas pipeline
electricity in, 12
warning defects, 200“201
Energy Information Agency of, 18
water vapor (H2 O), 3
Genesis Power Ltd. and the Energy Ef¬ciency
Waterton-Glacier Peace Park, 256, 269“270
and Conservation Authority v. Franklin
District Council and, 74“75 Watt-Cloutier, Sheila, 272, 381
Index 399


West African natural gas pipeline (WAGP), 297 Pollution Prevention and Abatement Handbook
of, 301
Western Fuels Association, 38
UNFCCC and, 302
Westphalian model, 84“85
World Bank Inspection Panel, 292
Wet Tropics World Heritage Area, 57
claims with, 295“303
wetlands, 56
World Energy Outlook (IEA), 6
WHC. See World Heritage Convention
World Health Organization (WHO), 5, 348
White House Council on Environmental
United Nations and, 348“349
Quality, 14
World Heritage Committee, 25, 363
WHO. See World Health Organization
NGOs and, 255
Who Killed the Electric Car? (¬lm), 357
World Heritage Convention (WHC), 255“271, 369
Wildlife Preservation Soc. of Queensland
Kyoto Protocol and, 265
Proserpine/Whitsunday Branch v. Ministry
mitigation strategy of, 265“268
for the Env™t & Heritage, 362
UNFCCC and, 266
Wildlife Preservation Society of Queensland
United States and, 267
(WPS), 55“59
World Heritage List, 258
Winberger v. Romero-Barcelo, 115
World Heritage properties, 56
wind turbines, 76
World Meteorological Organization, 2, 36
Wiwa, Ken Saro, 178, 190
World Resources Institute (WRI), 293
Wolfensohn, James, 304
WPS. See Wildlife Preservation Society of
Wood, Mary, 26
Queensland
World Bank, 292, 294
WRI. See World Resources Institute
BPs of, 298
CFU of, 294
Yanacocha gold mine, 305
Environmental Assessment OP of, 298
Kyoto Protocol and, 302 Young v. Bryco Arms, 219
OPs of, 298
Zasloff, Jonathan, 26
pipelines and, 294

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