<<

. 12
( 12)



in Ethiopia, 59
mankala game, 99, 123
postcolonial armies, 270“1 , 305
Manning, P., 141 , 143, 192
Miller, J. C., 139
Mansa Musa, 92
millet, 15, 34, 64, 176, 222
Manyika, 106
Milner, A., 197
Mapungubwe, 104, 123
mining, see copper, diamond mining, gold,
Maputo, 35, 179
iron
Maqqari, 52
Mirambo, 188
marabi culture, 280
mitochondrial DNA, 7“9, 13
Maravi, 107, 119, 124, 125
Mobutu Sese Seko, 268, 270, 299, 308
Margai, M., 243
modernism, see Sala¬yya
Marghi, 86
modernity, human, 7“10
Marinid dynasty, 47
Mogadishu, 55
Marrakesh, 46, 47
Mogho Naba, 207, 208
marriage, see family structure
Moi, D. arap, 300
Martins, D. J., 153
Molokweni, 122
Masina, 178
Mombasa, 105, 118, 187, 211
Masinissa, 31
monasticism, 37, 57, 60
Masmuda, 47
Mongo, 82
masquerade, see dance
Monophysite faith, 40, 41 , 42, 43
Matamba, 149, 151
Moore, F., 136
Mau Mau rebellion, 244, 256, 258
Moors, 63, 84, 92, 133, 221 , 259
Mauri, 30
358 Index


Nabta Playa, 13, 14
Moravians, 183, 232
Nagawonyi, 116
Morocco
Nairobi, 228, 311
disease, 167
Namaqua, 128
European settlement, 212, 224
Namibia, 195, 197, 257
famine, 167
Napata, 28
fundamentalism, 304
Nasir al-Din, 144
independence, 254
Nasser, G. A., 263, 303
invasion of Songhay, 74, 173
Natal, 114, 182, 183
modernisation and partition, 173, 197,
National Bank of Nigeria, 221
198
National Congress of British West Africa,
nationalism, 238
241
population, 167
National Council of Nigeria and the
precolonial state, 167
Cameroons, 243, 258
Moshoeshoe, 181 , 183
National Party (South Africa), 279, 281 “7,
Mossi, 77, 81 , 93, 97, 157, 173, 196, 207, 214,
302
226
National Party of Nigeria, 302
motor transport, see transport
National Resistance Movement, 290
Mouride brotherhood, 209, 214, 236
nationalism
Movement for the Restoration of the Ten
in Central Africa, 244, 256“7
Commandments of God, 296
in East Africa, 241 , 243“4, 256
Movement of the Islamic Way, 304
in Egypt, 195, 237
Mozambique, 136, 140, 153, 197, 202, 225,
in general, 241 , 242, 253, 260
257, 268, 274
and local politics, 258
Mpondo, 200
in North Africa, 238, 253
Msiri, 188, 191
and social con¬‚ict, 258“60
Mthethwa, 179
social origins, 257“8
Mubarak, H., 292, 304
in southern Africa, 185, 276,
Mugabe, R., 256, 301
278“87
Muhammad V, 238, 254
in Sudan, 241 , 253
Muhammad VI, 304
in West Africa, 242, 243, 254“6
Muhammad Abduh, 170
Natives Land Act, 274, 280
Muhammad Ali, 168“9, 170, 171 , 172
Nazarites, 235
Muhammad Bello, 175
Ndebele, 180, 181 , 183, 184, 200, 201 , 208,
Muhammad ibn Abdallah, 196
212, 226
Muhammad ibn Tumart, 47
Ndongo, 82, 89, 149
Muhammad Korau, 75
Ndwandwe, 179, 180
Muhammad Rumfa, 77
Neanderthals, 7
Muhammad Ture, Askiya, 74, 93
n´gritude, 241
e
Muhammadu Marwa, 298
Neo-Destour, 238, 254
Mukasa, 126, 233
New Economic Partnership for African
Munhumutapa, 105“6, 117, 120, 125, 259
Development, 309
Munsa, 110
Ngbandi, 81
Museveni, Y. K., 290, 300, 313
Ngoni, 180, 184, 190
music, 191
Nguni, 101 , 113, 118, 179, 181
Muslim Brotherhood, 238, 302, 304
Ngwane, 179, 180
Mutesa I, 189
Ngwato, 184
Muyaka, 118
Niger, 299, 301
Mwanga, 189, 202
Niger-Congo speakers, 11 , 16, 63
Mwari, 105, 180, 236
359
Index


Obasanjo, O., 302
Niger Delta, 134, 136, 137, 138, 146, 151 , 154,
Obaseki, 206
156, 157, 163, 196
Ode Ondo, 157
Nigeria, 195, 198, 213, 243, 255, 259, 263,
Odwira festival, 151
269, 295
Of¬ce du Niger, 222
Nigerian National Democratic Party, 241
Ogooue River, 16
Nigerian Youth Movement, 241 , 245
oil, 261 , 263, 264, 269, 285, 292
Nile Valley
oil-palm, 15, 16, 34, 66, 106
agricultural origins, 12
Okavango River, 113
late stone age, 10
olives, 31
Nilo-Saharan speakers, 11 , 13, 14, 16, 34, 63,
Olokun cult, 91 , 151
67, 108, 125
Omdurman, Battle of, 197, 199
Ninjas, 295
Onitsha, 232
Nioro, 196
Opobo, 156
Njinga, 149, 151
Orange Free State, 182, 283
Njoya, 231
Order of Christ, 152
Nkore, 112, 123
Organisation of African Unity, 271 , 309
Nkrumah, K., 243, 253, 254, 258, 260, 262,
Origen, 37
290
Orlando, 277
Nobatia, 42
Oromo, 171
Nok culture, 34, 67
Osama bin Laden, 304
non-governmental organisations, 299, 300,
Osei Kwadwo, 147
313
Osei Tutu, 147
North African Star, 238
Osiele, 154
Northern People™s Congress, 243
Ottomans, 47, 77, 164“70
Northern Rhodesia, see Zambia
Ovambo, 157, 184, 197, 226
Northern Rhodesian Congress, 244
Overtoun Institution, 230
Nouakchott, 295
Ovimbundu, 149, 157
Nsaka de Casanze, 151
Owo, 80
Nsibidi script, 94
Oyo, 76, 80, 86, 91 , 145“6, 147, 148, 156, 174,
Nsukka, 34
175, 208
Ntsikana, 184
Ntusi, 110, 121
Pachomius, 37
Nuba, 205
Padhola, 109
Nubia
palm oil, 154, 156, 210
Christianity, 41 “2, 56
Pan-African Congress, 283
Islam, 55“6
pan-Africanism, 241
language, 42
partition, 193“9
prehistory, 21 , 24, 26“9
pass laws, 280
Numidians, 30, 31 , 38
pastoralism, see cattle
Nupe, 80, 83, 86, 87, 93, 146, 175
pawnship, 214
Nyabingi cult, 191 , 202
Pedi, 180, 183, 186, 200, 201
Nyakyusa, 119
Pende, 108
Nyamwezi, 108, 187, 188, 239
pentecostalism, see Christianity
Nyasaland, see Malawi
People™s Democratic Party, 302
Nyasaland African Congress, 244
Perpetua, 38
Nyau society, 124, 180, 227, 236, 259
Phiri clan, 107, 124
Nyerere, J. K., 257, 262, 270, 271 , 292, 300
Phoenicians, 30“1 , 34
Nyoro, see Bunyoro
Piankhy, 28
Nzakara, 81
360 Index


dominant-party states, 302
pilgrimage, 53, 55, 92, 94, 178
national conferences, 299, 300, 301
plague, see Black Death, disease
one-party states, 270, 299, 300
ploughs, 58, 185, 223, 266, 274
patrimonialism, 269
polygyny, see family structure
and traditional rulers, 271
Ponty, W., 206, 209
pottery
population
and Bantu, 16, 34, 35
and AIDS, 311 , 313
dotted wavy-line, 13, 14, 15
and Atlantic slave trade, 131 , 133, 139,
in East Africa, 34, 35, 54, 110, 122
141 “3, 150, 158
in Nubia, 26, 28
birthrates, 249“50, 252“3, 284, 310
origins, 13
causes of rapid growth, 248“50, 251 “3
in southern Africa, 35, 101 , 103
deathrates, 249, 251 “2, 284
poverty, 89, 95, 124, 160, 226, 262, 265, 275,
early colonial crisis, 215“28, 248
276, 292, 295, 298, 310, 313
in East and southern Africa, 113,
Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers, 293
117“18, 179, 180, 181 , 185, 190,
prazos, 105, 120
191 “2, 218, 248, 258, 273, 283,
Presbyterians, 183
292, 309, 310
press, 162, 231 , 302
and economic development, 83, 261
privatisation, 288, 291 , 292, 293
in Egypt, 20, 45, 166, 169, 248, 249, 264,
Ptolemies, 25, 28
309
Puri¬ed National Party, 279
in Ethiopia, 58, 249
Pygmies, 9, 10, 67, 88
fears of overpopulation, 248, 250
pyramids, 19, 26, 28
fertility decline, 284, 309“10
in general, 1 “5, 192, 193, 219
Qadiriyya brotherhood, 92, 172, 174, 176,
life expectancy, 251 , 294
209, 236
in North Africa, 37, 47“9, 166“8, 218,
Qwaqwa, 283
248, 309
in Nubia, 26, 28
racialism, 129, 182, 186, 274, 277, 282
postcolonial growth, 251 “3, 309“10
railways
and political development, 71 “2, 164
in Egypt, 169
in West Africa, 68“71 , 131 , 177, 217, 218,
in Ethiopia, 171
248
in South Africa, 185, 276
see also contraception, disease
in tropical Africa, 209, 210, 211 “13
Poro society, 78, 88, 91 , 93, 236, 259
Rakai, 311
Port Elizabeth, 278
Rameses III, 24
Portuguese
Rameses IX, 24
in eastern Africa, 55, 113, 186, 197
Rand Revolt, 277
in Ethiopia, 62, 159
Rassemblement D´ mocratique Africain,
e
in southern Africa, 117, 159, 274
243, 255
in West Africa, 80, 131 “6, 145, 149, 151 ,
Rawlings, J., 290
152, 158, 197
Raymond, A., 166
see also decolonisation
rebellion
postcolonial government
against colonial rule, 201 “2, 203
administration, 269, 270
in Ethiopia, 59
and AIDS, 313
Reconstruction and Development
and civil society, 271 , 299, 300, 302
Programme, 291
democracy, 267“8, 269, 271 , 301 , 302,
Reformed Tijaniyya brotherhood, 236
309
Rekhmire, 21
democratisation, 299, 305, 307
361
Index


Sala¬yya, 170, 236, 238
religion (indigenous)
Salazar, A., 241
in ancient Egypt, 22“4, 26
salt, 52, 57, 77, 84, 177
and Atlantic slave trade, 151 “2
Salvation Army, 232, 233
and colonial rule, 236“7
Samori, 157, 196, 199, 213
in East Africa, 112, 124“6, 191
San, 9, 10, 116, 117, 124, 126“7, 130, 181
eclecticism, 60, 89, 93“4, 125, 159, 161 ,
Sande society, 78
233“4, 236, 296
Sanga, 106, 119, 122, 125, 188
in Ethiopia, 29, 60
Sango cult, 91
in North Africa, 31 , 32
Sanhaja, 46, 47
in Nubia, 27, 28
Sanusi brotherhood, 238
and rebellion, 202
S˜o Salvador, 145, 158; see also Mbanza
a
in southern Africa, 105, 124“6, 180
Kongo
Renamo, 268
S˜o Tom´ , 134, 158
a e
resistance to conquest, 199“201
Saro, 160, 161 , 162
Revival Movement, 235
Sayyid Qutb, 303
Rhapta, 53
Schroda, 103
Rharhabe, 130
sculpture
Rhodes, C., 186, 197, 198, 200
Benin, 80, 98, 151
Rhodesia, see Zimbabwe
Hemba, 120
Richards, A., 243
Ife, 67, 79, 98
Rif, 197
Kuba, 82
rinderpest, see disease
Lega, 81
rock art
Niger Valley, 76
in North Africa, 13, 26
Nok, 34, 67, 98
in southern Africa, 10, 118, 124, 127
Senufo, 88
Rome
Tellem, 64, 91
in Egypt, 25, 28
Second World War, 221 , 228, 242, 247, 279,
in North Africa, 31 “3, 38“40
281
Rothschilds, 186
segregation, racial, 185, 227, 279, 281 , 282
Royal African Company, 135, 136
Segu, 145, 173, 178, 179, 199, 206
Rozvi, 106, 120
Sekhukhuni, 200, 201
rubber, 154, 210, 224
Semliki River, 9
rugaruga, 188
Sena, 105
Rundi, see Burundi
Senegal, 154, 161 , 162, 163, 193, 209, 213, 241 ,
Russwurm, J., 162
243, 255, 259, 271 , 309, 313
Rwanda, 111 , 113, 114, 116, 117, 121 , 122, 126,
Senghor, L., 243, 255, 292
190, 191 , 192, 208, 216, 233, 239, 258,
Sennar, 170
298, 301 , 305, 306, 307“8, 309
Senufo, 88
Rwanda Patriotic Front, 307, 308
Serer, 71 , 72, 73, 144
Shaka, 179
sacri¬ce, human, 27, 91 , 94, 151 , 157
Shambaa, 109, 112, 116, 121 , 122, 188
Sadat, A., 292
Shanga, 53, 55
Sadiki Academy, 230
Sharpeville, 283
Saharan prehistory, 12“14
sheep, 13, 127, 182, 183
Sahelanthropus tchadensis, 6
Shembe, I., 235
Saifawa dynasty, 74
Sherbro, 163
Saint-Louis, 161
Shilluk, 109, 170
Sakpata, 143
Shoa, 57, 58, 60, 61 , 171
Saladin, 45, 47, 56
362 Index


sorghum, 14, 16, 28, 34, 35, 45, 64, 112, 176,
Shona, 54, 103“6, 119, 121 , 123, 124, 180, 200,
222
202, 212, 256
Soshangane, 180
Shum Laka, 15
Sotho, 101 , 180, 182, 185, 201 , 240, 259, 274
Shyaam, 82, 90, 99
South Africa
Sierra Leone, 161 , 163, 196, 243, 255, 259,
AIDS, 312, 314
306
ANC rule, 302
Sierra Leone Hut Tax War, 203, 236
industrialisation, 276“7, 283, 284“5,
Sijilmasa, 51 , 52
291 “2
slave trade
labour, 274, 276, 277, 283, 285, 295
abolition of Atlantic trade, 152“8, 163
land, 274, 291
abolition in South Africa, 181
nationalism, 278“87
Atlantic, 131 “63, 173
population, 273, 283, 284
and demography, 141 “3, 150
segregation, 279, 281
East African, 54, 121 , 187“8, 192
transition to majority rule, 286, 287, 302
Ethiopian, 57
urbanisation, 277, 281 , 284, 295
Nilotic, 27, 28, 56, 170
uni¬cation, 279
resistance, 139“40, 151
white politics, 276, 278“80, 286
Saharan, 30, 32, 45, 50, 52, 74, 77“8, 133,
see also Afrikaner people, apartheid,
136, 140
Cape Colony
slavery
South Africa Party, 279
in Central Africa, 105, 116, 120“1
South African Native Congress, 280
in East Africa, 55, 120“1 , 128, 187, 191
South-West Africa, see Namibia
in Egypt, 22, 25, 45, 56, 169, 170
Southern Rhodesia, see Zimbabwe
emancipation, 181 , 213“14
Soutpansberg, 101
in North Africa, 31 , 45, 166, 167
Soweto, 277, 282, 284
slave revolt, 129, 151 , 156, 157
Soweto uprising, 285
in South Africa, 128“9, 176, 181
Soyinka, W., 232
in West Africa, 73, 75, 77“8, 82, 84, 97,
Soyo, 145, 159
131 “58, 176“7
spirit possession, see religion
sleeping sickness, see disease:
stateless societies
trypanosomiasis
and Atlantic slave trade, 136, 143
smallpox, see disease
in East Africa, 109, 191
Smuts, J. C., 276, 279, 281
and education, 230
Soba, 42
and European conquest, 197, 201 , 202
socialism, 262, 266, 290, 291
in North Africa, 30, 40, 166
Soci´ t´ G´ n´ rale, 198
ee e e
in southern Africa, 103
Sofala, 54, 104, 105
in West Africa, 50, 71 “2, 78“9, 81 , 95
Soga, 115, 118, 191
status reversal, 298, 300
Sokoto Caliphate, 174“7, 196, 200, 207,
Stellenbosch, 129
270
Stevens, S., 292
Solomonic dynasty, 57
stigmatisation, 86, 122, 221 , 313
Somali, 57, 61 , 116, 201
strikes, 22, 227, 257, 277, 278, 285, 291 , 292,
Somalia, 197, 238, 253, 306
299
Songhay, 51 , 63, 73“4, 76, 77, 78, 80, 91 , 93,
structural adjustment, 288“93, 298, 313
94, 173
Sudan, 170“1 , 196, 213, 241 , 253, 268, 304;
Soninke, 51 , 52, 85, 137, 144
see also Nubia
Sonni Ali Ber, 73, 76
Suez Canal, 169, 237
Sophiatown, 277, 280, 282
Sufetula, 43
sorcery, see witchcraft
363
Index


Togo, 195, 299
Sukuma, 108
Tondibi, Battle of, 74
Sunjata Keita, 52, 72“3, 76, 99
Tonga (Zambia), 223
Swahili language, 54, 55, 187, 190, 241 , 256
torture, 283
Swazi, 180, 226
Torwa dynasty, 105, 106
symbolic behaviour, 10
Toutswe, 101
Syndicat Agricole Africain, 243
towns, see urbanisation
syphilis, see disease
Township Revolt, 285, 286
trade
Tadmekka, 52
in Central Africa, 103“5, 106, 107, 122
Taforalt, 10
in colonial period, 221
Taharqa, 28
in East Africa, 53“5, 110, 122, 186“8, 191
Tahert, 44, 51 , 52
in Ethiopia, 41 , 57
Takla Haymanot, Saint, 57, 58, 60, 159
impact of railways, 211
Takrur, 51 , 53, 73
markets, 83, 122, 191 , 221
Talibans, 295
and nationalism, 257
Tallensi, 97
in North Africa, 30, 31 , 45, 46, 48
Tanganyika, see Tanzania
and partition, 198
Tanganyika African National Union, 244,
postcolonial, 261
256, 257
in South Africa, 179, 183
Tangier, 44
trading diasporas, 85, 177
Tanit, 31 , 32
in West Africa, 49“53, 75, 76, 83“5, 97,
Tanzania, 196, 212, 241 , 244, 256, 262, 300;
147, 161 , 162, 177, 224
see also Zanzibar
see also gold, slave trade
Taruga, 34
trade unions, 227, 255, 257, 271 , 277, 278,
tax
286, 291 , 298, 300
colonial, 203, 209, 214, 228, 274
Transkei, 274, 281
in Egypt, 19, 48, 168
transport
in Ethiopia, 59
in East and southern Africa, 122, 130, 187
in North Africa, 31 , 167, 172
in Ethiopia, 58
postcolonial, 290
in general, 193
in West Africa, 162, 176
motor transport, 219, 222, 229, 247, 261
Tellem, 63, 91
in West Africa, 83, 177
Tete, 114
see also railways
Tewodros, 171
Transvaal, 182, 185, 197, 273
textiles, see cloth
Treatment Action Campaign, 314
Thaba Bosiu, 181
tribalism, see ethnicity
Thembu Church, 235
Tripoli, 164, 172, 174, 177, 211
Thonga, 117, 125, 180
True Whig Party, 163
Tibesti, 30
trypanosomiasis, see disease
Tigray, 60, 171 , 306
tsetse, see disease: trypanosomiasis
Tijaniyya brotherhood, 178
Tshawe family, 103
Timbuktu, 49, 69, 73, 74, 87, 94, 95, 96, 173,
Tsoede, 80
174, 176, 177, 178, 196, 198, 211
Tswana, 101 , 116, 117, 119, 121 , 122, 125, 127,
Tio, 146, 195
180, 183, 184; see also Botswana
Tirailleurs S´ n´ galais, 199
ee
Tuareg, 63, 73, 74, 84, 92, 173, 202, 211
Tiv, 78, 223
tuberculosis, see disease
Tiyo Soga, 184
Tubu, 30
Tlemcen, 43, 47, 52
Tukulor, 178, 196, 199, 206
tobacco, 212, 222, 225, 292
364 Index


in southern Africa, 100, 104, 121 “2, 277,
Tunis, 164, 221
281 , 282, 284, 295
Tunisia
in West Africa, 49, 76, 79, 87“8, 177
disease, 167
Urewe ware, 34, 35
economy, 166, 167, 292
Usuman dan Fodio, 174“6
European settlement, 212, 224
French rule, 173, 195
Vai, 72
fundamentalism, 304
Vandals, 33, 40
independence, 254
Vansina, J., 66
modernisation, 172
Venda, 106
nationalism, 238
venereal diseases, see disease
population, 166, 172
Vereeniging, Peace of, 278
see also Ifriqiya
Vili, 137, 146
Tuthmosis III, 27
Visram, A., 211
Tutsi, 111 , 190, 208, 233, 239, 258, 298,
Voortrekker Centenary, 279
307“8
Vorster, B. J., 283
Tyamzashe, G., 183
typhus, see disease
Waalo, 73, 144
Wafd, 237
uburetwa, 190
Wagadugu, 81 , 173
Uganda, 196, 213, 244, 256, 271 , 290“1 , 296,
Walata, 52
300, 306, 313; see also Buganda,
Wargla, 52
Bunyoro
Watchtower Movement, 235, 248
Uganda African Farmers™ Union, 244
Wesleyans, 183
Uganda Agreement, 206, 207
West African Pilot, 232
Uganda Martyrs, 189
West African Students Union, 241
Uganda National Congress, 244
Western Sahara, 197
Uganda People™s Congress, 256
wheat, see agriculture
ujamaa, 262
White Fathers, 189, 233
Ukba ibn Na¬, 43, 50
Whydah, 80, 148
Umar Tal, al-Hajj, 178
Wilson, J. M., 162
Umayyad Caliphate, 44, 52
witchcraft
Undi, 107
and Atlantic slave trade, 137
unemployment, see labour
demonology, 297
Union Mechanics™ Association, 227
in East and southern Africa, 125,
Union Mini` re, 228, 271
e
191
United Africa Company, 221
eradication movements, 234, 237
United Gold Coast Convention, 243
ordeals, 92, 125, 151 , 191 , 237
United National Independence Party, 256
postcolonial, 297
United Party (South Africa), 279, 281
in West Africa, 92
universities, see education
Witwatersrand, 186, 273, 278, 280, 282
Upemba Depression, 106, 118
Wollo, 57
urbanisation
Wolof, 73, 76, 78, 87, 133, 134, 144, 150, 163,
and AIDS, 313
209, 272
in East Africa, 100, 121 “2
women, see family structure
Europeans, 225, 276
Women™s War (1929), 157, 208
and nationalism, 257
wood-carving, see sculpture
in North Africa, 304
World Bank, 288, 293
popular protest, 298, 299
World Health Organisation, 313
postcolonial, 262, 292, 295
365
Index


Xhosa, 103, 113, 114, 119, 121 , 125, 127, 130, Zaghawa, 50
181 , 182, 183“5, 186, 281 Zaghlul, Saad, 237
Zagwe dynasty, 57
Y chromosome, 9, 111 Zambia, 197, 212, 244, 256, 261 , 292, 300,
Yaji, 76 312
Yaka, 108 Zanata, 46, 47
Yakubu (of Bauchi), 175 Zanzibar, 128, 187, 213, 244, 256, 259, 305
yams, 15, 16, 66, 112 Zanzibar Nationalist Party, 244, 256
Yao, 187, 188, 190, 200, 236 zar cult, 61
Yasin, Abd al-Salam, 304, 305 Zara Yaqob, 61
Yatenga, 81 , 97 Zaria, 93, 175, 177, 200
Yeha, 29 Zawila, 50, 51
Yikunno Amlak, 57, 59 Zayyanid dynasty, 47
Yohannes IV, 171 Zeila, 57
Yoruba, 66, 75, 76, 80, 86, 87, 88, 91 , 93, 96, Zimba, 107
136, 145, 150, 153, 154, 156, 157, 159, 160, Zimbabwe
161 , 162, 163, 196, 200, 210, 235, 258, 302 Great Zimbabwe, 104“5, 121 , 122
Young Algerians, 238 modern Zimbabwe, 197, 198, 212, 224,
Young Kavirondo Association, 240 244, 256, 259, 292, 301 , 314
Young Kikuyu Association, 240 Zion Christian Church, 235, 296
Young Tunisians, 238 Zionist churches, 235, 280
youth, see generational relationships Zirid dynasty, 45, 51
Youth League (Southern Rhodesia), 244 Zulu, 118, 179“80, 182, 184, 186, 203
books in the series
1 City Politics: A Study of L´opoldville, 1962“63, J. S. LaFontaine
e
2 Studies in Rural Capitalism in West Africa, Polly Hill
3 Land Policy in Buganda, Henry W. West
4 The Nigerian Military: A Sociological Analysis of Authority and Revolt, 1960“67, Robin Luckham
5 The Ghanaian Factory Worker: Industrial Man in Africa, Margaret Peil
6 Labour in the South African Gold Mines, Francis Wilson
7 The Price of Liberty: Personality and Politics in Colonial Nigeria, Kenneth W. J. Post and George
D. Jenkins
8 Subsistence to Commercial Farming in Present Day Buganda: An Economic and Anthropological
Survey, Audrey I. Richards, Fort Sturrock, and Jean M. Fortt (eds. )
9 Dependence and Opportunity: Political Change in Ahafo, John Dunn and A. F. Robertson
10 African Railwaymen: Solidarity and Opposition in an East African Labour Force, R. D. Grillo
11 Islam and Tribal Art in West Africa, Ren´ A. Bravmann
e
12 Modern and Traditional Elites in the Politics of Lagos, P. D. Cole
13 Asante in the Nineteenth Century: The Structure and Evolution of a Political Order, Ivor Wilks
14 Culture, Tradition and Society in the West African Novel, Emmanuel Obiechina
15 Saints and Politicians, Donald B. Cruise O™Brien
16 The Lions of Dagbon: Political Change in Northern Ghana, Martin Staniland
17 Politics of Decolonization: Kenya Europeans and the Land Issue 1960“1965, Gary B. Wasserman
18 Muslim Brotherhoods in Nineteenth-Century Africa, B. G. Martin
19 Warfare in the Sokoto Caliphate: Historical and Sociological Perspectives, Joseph P. Smaldone
20 Liberia and Sierra Leone: An Essay in Comparative Politics, Christopher Clapham
21 Adam Kok™s Griquas: A Study in the Development of Strati¬cation in South Africa, Robert Ross
22 Class, Power and Ideology in Ghana: The Railwaymen of Sekondi, Richard Jeffries
23 West African States: Failure and Promise, John Dunn (ed. )
24 Afrikaners of the Kalahari: White Minority in a Black State, Margo Russell and Martin Russell
25 A Modern History of Tanganyika, John Iliffe
26 A History of African Christianity 1950“1975, Adrian Hastings
27 Slave, Peasants and Capitalists in Southern Angola, 1840“1926, W. G. Clarence-Smith
28 The Hidden Hippopotamus: Reappraised in African History: The Early Colonial Experience in
Western Zambia, Gwyn Prins
29 Families Divided: The Impact of Migrant Labour in Lesotho, Colin Murray
30 Slavery, Colonialism and Economic Growth in Dahomey, 1640“1960, Patrick Manning
31 Kings, Commoners and Concessionaires: The Evolution and Dissolution of the Nineteenth-Century
Swazi State, Philip Bonner
32 Oral Poetry and Somali Nationalism: The Case of Sayid Mahammad ˜Abdille Hasan, Said S. Samatar
33 The Political Economy of Pondoland 1860“1930, William Beinart
34 Volkskapitalisme: Class, Capital and Ideology in the Development of Afrikaner Nationalism,
1934“1948, Dan O™Meara
35 The Settler Economies: Studies in the Economic History of Kenya and Rhodesia 1900“1963,
Paul Mosley
36 Transformations in Slavery: A History of Slavery in Africa, Paul E. Lovejoy
37 Amilcar Cabral: Revolutionary Leadership and People™s War, Patrick Chabal
38 Essays on the Political Economy of Rural Africa, Robert H. Bates
39 Ijeshas and Nigerians: The Incorporation of a Yoruba Kingdom, 1890s“1970s, J. D. Y. Peel
40 Black People and the South African War, 1899“1902, Peter Warwick
41 A History of Niger 1850“1960, Finn Fuglestad
42 Industrialisation and Trade Union Organization in South Africa 1924“1955, Stephen Ellis
43 The Rising of the Red Shawls: A Revolt in Madagascar 1895“1899, Stephen Ellis
44 Slavery in Dutch South Africa, Nigel Worden
45 Law, Custom and Social Order: The Colonial Experience in Malawi and Zambia, Martin Chanock
46 Salt of the Desert Sun: A History of Salt Production and Trade in the Central Sudan, Paul E. Lovejoy
47 Marrying Well: Marriage, Status and Social Change among the Educated Elite in Colonial Lagos,
Kristin Mann
48 Language and Colonial Power: The Appropriation of Swahili in the Former Belgian Congo,
1880“1938, Johannes Fabian
49 The Shell Money of the Slave Trade, Jan Hogendorn and Marion Johnson
50 Political Domination in Africa, Patrick Chabal
51 The Southern Marches of Imperial Ethiopia: Essays in History and Social Anthropology,
Donald Donham and Wendy James
52 Islam and Urban Labor in Northern Nigeria: The Making of a Muslim Working Class,
Paul M. Lubeck
53 Horn and Crescent: Cultural Change and Traditional Islam on the East African Coast, 1800“1900,
Randall L. Pouwels
54 Capital and Labour on the Kimberley Diamond Fields, 1871“1890, Robert Vicat Turrell
55 National and Class Con¬‚ict in the Horn of Africa, John Markakis
56 Democracy and Prebendal Politics in Nigeria: The Rise and Fall of the Second Republic,
Richard A. Joseph
57 Entrepreneurs and Parasites: The Struggle for Indigenous Capitalism in Za¨re, Janet MacGaffey
±
58 The African Poor: A History, John Iliffe
59 Palm Oil and Protest: An Economic History of the Ngwa Region, South-Eastern Nigeria, 1800“1980,
Susan M. Martin
60 France and Islam in West Africa, 1860“1960, Christopher Harrison
61 Transformation and Continuity in Revolutionary Ethiopia, Christopher Clapham
62 Prelude to the Mahdiyya: Peasants and Traders in the Shendi Region, 1821“1885, Anders Bjørkelo
63 Wa and the Wala: Islam and Polity in Northwestern Ghana , Ivor Wilks
64 H. C. Bankole-Bright and Politics in Colonial Sierra Leone, 1919“1958, Akintola Wyse
65 Contemporary West African States, Donald Cruise O™Brien, John Dunn, and Richard Rathbone
(eds. )
66 The Oromo of Ethiopia: A History, 1570“1860, Mohammed Hassen
67 Slavery and African Life: Occidental, Oriental, and African Slave Trades, Patrick Manning
68 Abraham Esau™s War: A Black South African War in the Cape, 1899“1902, Bill Nasson
69 The Politics of Harmony: Land Dispute Strategies in Swaziland, Laurel L. Rose
70 Zimbabwe™s Guerrilla War: Peasant Voices, Norma J. Kriger
71 Ethiopia: Power and Protest: Peasant Revolts in the Twentieth Century, Gebru Tareke
72 White Supremacy and Black Resistance in Pre-Industrial South Africa: The Making of the Colonial
Order in the Eastern Cape, 1770“1865, Clifton C. Crais
73 The Elusive Granary: Herder, Farmer, and State in Northern Kenya, Peter D. Little
74 The Kanyok of Zaire: An Institutional and Ideological History to 1895, John C. Yoder
75 Pragmatism in the Age of Jihad: The Precolonial State of Bundu, Michael A. Gomez
76 Slow Death for Slavery: The Course of Abolition in Northern Nigeria, 1897“1936, Paul E. Lovejoy
and Jan S. Hogendorn
77 West African Slavery and Atlantic Commerce: The Senegal River Valley, 1700“1860, James F. Searing
78 A South African Kingdom: The Pursuit of Security in Nineteenth-Century Lesotho,
Elizabeth A. Eldredge
79 State and Society in Pre-colonial Asante, T. C. McCaskie
´
80 Islamic Society and State Power in Senegal: Disciples and Citizens in Fatick, Leonardo A. Villalon
81 Ethnic Pride and Racial Prejudice in Victorian Cape Town: Group Identity and Social Practice,
Vivian Bickford-Smith
82 The Eritrean Struggle for Independence: Domination, Resistance and Nationalism, 1941“1993,
Ruth Iyob
83 Corruption and State Politics in Sierra Leone, William Reno
84 The Culture of Politics in Modern Kenya, Angelique Haugerud
85 Africans: The History of a Continent, John Iliffe
86 From Slave Trade to ˜Legitimate™ Commerce: The Commercial Transition in Nineteenth-Century
West Africa, Robin Law (ed. )
87 Leisure and Society in Colonial Brazzaville, Phyllis Martin
88 Kingship and State: The Buganda Dynasty, Christopher Wrigley
89 Decolonization and African Life: The Labour Question in French and British Africa,
Frederick Cooper
90 Misreading the African Landscape: Society and Ecology in an African Forest Savannah Mosaic,
James Fairhead and Melissa Leach
91 Peasant Revolution in Ethiopia: The Tigray People™s Liberation Front, 1975“1991, John Young
92 Senegambia and the Atlantic Slave Trade, Boubacar Barry
93 Commerce and Economic Change in West Africa: The Oil Trade in the Nineteenth Century,
Martin Lynn
94 Slavery and French Colonial Rule in West Africa: Senegal, Guinea and Mali, Martin A. Klein
95 East African Doctors: A History of the Modern Profession, John Iliffe
96 Middlemen of the Cameroons Rivers: The Duala and Their Hinterland, c. 1600“c. 1960,
Ralph Derrick, Ralph A. Austen, and Jonathan Derrick
97 Masters and Servants on the Cape Eastern Frontier, 1760“1803, Susan Newton-King
98 Status and Respectability in the Cape Colony, 1750“1870: A Tragedy of Manners, Robert Ross
99 Slaves, Freedmen and Indentured Laborers in Colonial Mauritius, Richard B. Allen
100 Transformations in Slavery: A History of Slavery in Africa, Second Edition, Paul E. Lovejoy
101 The Peasant Cotton Revolution in West Africa: Cˆte d™Ivoire, 1880“1995, Thomas J. Bassett
o
102 Re-Imagining Rwanda: Con¬‚ict, Survival and Disinformation in the Late Twentieth Century,
Johan Pottier
103 The Politics of Evil: Magic, State Power and the Political Imagination in South Africa, Clifton Crais
104 Transforming Mozambique: The Politics of Privatization, 1975“2000, M. Anne Pitcher
105 Guerrilla Veterans in Post-war Zimbabwe: Symbolic and Violent Politics, 1980“1987,
Norma J. Kriger
106 An Economic History of Imperial Madagascar, 1750“1895: The Rise and Fall of Island Empire,
Gwyn Campbell
107 Honour in African History, John Iliffe
108 Africans: History of a Continent, Second Edition, John Iliffe

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