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1977b. “Utilitarianism and the Presuppositions of Cost-Bene¬t Analysis.” In Sayre
1977, pp. 217“237.
1978a. “Behaviorism: Philosophical Analysis.” In Reich 1978, pp. 110“115.
1978b. “Objectivity in Morality and Objectivity in Science.” In Englehardt and
Callahan 1978, pp. 21“39.
1978c. “What Has Ethics to Learn from Medical Ethics?” Annual Proceedings of the
Center for Philosophic Exchange 2, pp. 37“47.
1978d. Review of Gellner 1974. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 29, pp. 105“
1979a. Review of Benn and Mortimore 1976. American Journal of Sociology 85,
pp. 217“219.
1979b. Review of Berlin 1979. New Republic 9, pp. 113“114.
1979c. Review of Sills 1979. New York Review of Books 27, pp. 14“16.
1981. “The Nature of the Virtues: From Homer to Benjamin Franklin.” Hastings
Center Report 11, pp. 27“34.
1982a. “How Moral Agents Became Ghosts: Or, Why the History of Ethics
Divided from That of the Philosophy of Mind.” Synthese 53, pp. 295“
1982b. “Philosophy and Its History.” Analyse und Kritik 4, pp. 102“113.
1983a. “The Indispensability of Political Theory.” In Miller and Siedentop 1983,
pp. 17“33.
1983b. “The Magic in the Pronoun ˜My™ ” (review of Williams 1981). Ethics 94,
pp. 113“125.
1983c. “Moral Philosophy: What Next?” In Revisions, pp. 1“15.
1983d. “Moral Rationality, Tradition, and Authority: A Response to O™Neill, Gaita,
and Clark.” Inquiry 26, pp. 447“466.
1983e. “Philosophy of Politics.” In Capps 1983, pp. 131“161.
1984a. “After Virtue and Marxism: A Response to Wartofsky.” Inquiry 27, pp. 251“
1984b. “Bernstein™s Distorting Mirrors.” Soundings 67, pp. 30“41.
1984c. “The Claims of After Virtue.” Analyse und Kritik 6, pp. 498“513.
1984d. “Does Applied Ethics Rest on a Mistake?” Monist 67, pp. 498“513.
1984e. “Is Patriotism a Virtue?” Lindley Lecture at the University of Kansas. Cited
to reprinted version in Beiner 1995, pp. 209“228.
1984f. “The Relationship of Philosophy to Its Past.” In Rorty, Schneewind, and
Skinner 1984, pp. 31“48.
1985. “Relativism, Power, and Philosophy.” Proceedings and Addresses of the American
Philosophical Association, pp. 5“22.
1986a. “The Intelligibility of Action.” In Margolis, Krausz, and Burian 1986,
pp. 63“80.
1986b. “Positivism, Sociology, and Practical Reason: Notes on Durkheim™s Suicide.”
In Perovich and Wedlin 1986, pp. 87“104.

1986c. “Which God Ought We to Obey, and Why?” Faith and Philosophy 3, pp. 359“
1987a. “Can One Be Unintelligible to Oneself?” In McKnight and Stchedroff 1987,
pp. 23“37.
1987b. “Practical Rationalities as Forms of Social Structure.” Irish Journal
of Philosophy 4, pp. 3“19. Cited to reprinted version in MacIntyre Reader,
pp. 120“135.
1988a. “The Objectivity of Good.” Mackay Memorial Lecture. St. Lawrence Uni-
1988b. “Poetry as Political Philosophy: Notes on Burke and Yeats.” In Bell and
Lerner 1988, pp. 145“157.
1988c. “Sophrosune: How a Virtue Can Become Socially Disruptive.” Midwest Studies
in Philosophy 13, pp. 1“11.
1990a. “The Form of the Good, Tradition, and Enquiry.” In Gaita 1990, pp. 242“
1990b. “Individual and Social Morality in Japan and in the United States: Rival
Conceptions of the Self.” Philosophy East and West 40, pp. 489“497.
1990c. “Moral Dilemmas.” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50 (supp.),
pp. 367“382.
1990d. “The Privatization of Good.”Review of Politics 52, pp. 344“361.
1990e. “Rejoinder to my Critics, Especially Solomon.” Review of Politics 52, pp. 375“
1991a. “An Interview with Alasdair MacIntyre.” Cogito 5, pp. 67“73. Cited to
reprinted version in MacIntyre Reader, pp. 267“275.
1991b. “I™m not a Communitarian, But . . .” The Responsive Community 1, pp. 91“92.
1991c. “Incommensurability, Truth, and the Conversation between Confucians and
Aristotelians about the Virtues.” In Deutsch 1991, pp. 104“122.
1991d. “Nietzsche or Aristotle?” In Borradori 1994, pp. 137“152. Cited to reprinted
version in MacIntyre Reader, pp. 255“266.
1992a. “Colors, Cultures, and Practices.” Midwest Studies in Philosophy 17,
pp. 1“23.
1992b. “Plain Persons and Moral Philosophy: Rules, Virtues, and Goods.” American
Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 66, pp. 3“19.
1992c. “What Has Not Happened in Moral Philosophy.” Yale Journal of Criticism 5,
pp. 193“199.
1994a. “How Can We Learn What Veritatis Splendor Has to Teach?” Thomist 58,
pp. 171“195.
1994b. “Kinesis Interview with Professor Alasdair MacIntyre.” Kinesis 20,
pp. 34“47.
1994c. “Moral Relativism, Truth, and Justi¬cation.” In Gormally 1994, pp. 6“24.
1994d. “Moral Theory Put to the Question.” American Philosophical Association
Symposium paper.
1994e. “My Station and Its Virtues.” Journal of Philosophical Research 19, pp. 1“8.
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1994g. “The Theses on Feuerbach: A Road Not Taken.” In Gould and Cohen
1994, pp. 277“290. Cited to reprinted version in MacIntyre Reader, pp. 223“
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1995c. Review of Elster 1993. Ethics 105, pp. 183“185.
1996a. “Natural Law as Subversive: The Case of Aquinas.” Journal of Medieval and
Early Modern Studies 26, pp. 61“83.
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Philosophical Quarterly 37, pp. 95“99.
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to the English translation “Philosophy, Politics, and the Common Good” in
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1998b. “What Can Moral Philosophers Learn from the Study of the Brain?”
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3. Works on MacIntyre

Allen, A. 1997. “MacIntyre™s Traditionalism.” Journal of Value Inquiry 31, pp. 511“
Almond, Brenda. 1990. “Alasdair MacIntyre: The Virtue of Tradition.” Journal of
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Bakhurst, David. 2000. “Ethical Particularism in Context.” In Hooker and Little
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Beam, Craig Allen. 1998. “Gadamer and MacIntyre: Tradition as a Resource of
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Bellantoni, Lisa. 2000. Moral Progress: A Process Critique of MacIntyre. State Univer-
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Benn, S. I. 1984. “Persons and Values: Reasons in Con¬‚ict and Moral Disagree-
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Bloechl, Jeffrey. 1997. “The Virtue of History: Alasdair MacIntyre and the Ratio-
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Bond, E. J. 1990. “Could There Be a Rationally Grounded Morality?” Journal of
Philosophical Research 15, pp. 15“45.
Bradley, James. 1990. “Alasdair MacIntyre on the Good Life and the ˜Narrative
Model.™ ” Heythrop Journal 31, pp. 324“326.
Bradley, M. C. 1959. “A Note on Mr. MacIntyre™s ˜Determinism.™ ” Mind 68,
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Burchell, David. 1998. “Civic Personae: MacIntyre, Cicero and Moral Personality.”
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Chapman, Mark D. 1998. “Why the Enlightenment Project Doesn™t Have to Fail.”
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Abelard, Peter, 63“66 Constable, Giles, 68“69n21
Adams, Robert M., 108 Cooley, Charles Horton, 91
After Virtue project, see MacIntyre, Alasdair,
After Virtue project of Davidson, Donald, 49
Annas, Julia, 67n2 Dawson, Christopher, 89
Anscombe, G. E. M., 74, 94“95, 97, 111n4, Descartes, Rene, 47, 111n3
141 Durkheim, Emile, 90
MacIntyre™s response to, 145“147 Eliot, T. S., 89“90
as a view in normative ethics, 145 emotivism, 5, 15“16, 39, 132, 133“134
Aquinas, Thomas, 51, 57“59, 102“103, Engels, Friedrich, 17
109“110, 135, 177; see also Enlightenment, 43, 176“177
Thomism project of justifying morality, 34, 96“97,
Aristotelian science, 50“52 135“136, 152, 156, 177
as related to tradition-grounded inquiry, epistemological crisis, 47“48, 87“88, 104
51 ethics, see moral philosophy
Aristotelianism, 30, 38, 44“45, 116, 138 Evans-Pritchard, E. E., 83“84, 86
Aristotle, 39“40, 41“42, 59, 74, 87,
135“136, 177; see also Aristotelianism fact/value distinction, 99“100, 107
Augustinianism, 58“59 Feyerabend, Paul, 87“88
Austin, J. L., 108 Finnis, John, 168, 175n5
Ayer, A. J., 117, 149n3, 149n4 Flett, John, 90
Azande, 82“84 Flew, Antony, 9n6
beliefs of, as a closed system, 79“80 Foot, Philippa, 118, 124
Foucault, Michel, 112n6
Barth, Karl, 76 fragmentation, as feature of modern
Bellah, Robert, 143 morality, 100, 107
Bernard of Clairvaux, 65“66 Freud, Sigmund, 72“73
Bernstein, Eduard, 3“4, 5 Fukuyama, Francis, 142
Bernstein, Richard, 54
Blackstone, William, 25“26, 28 Gadamer, Hans-Georg, 115
Broad, C. D., 94 Garcia, J. L. A., 107
Burke, Edmund, 112 Geach, Peter, 118, 141
Goffman, Erving, 15
Caenegem, R. C. van, 68“69n21 Green, Leslie, 158
“character,” MacIntyre™s concept of, Grisez, Germain, 107
150n10 Gutting, Gary, 113n11, 113n13, 113n16
Christianity, 2, 85“86, 113n12; see also
MacIntyre, Alasdair, and Christianity Haldane, John, 33“34, 98
Clerke, Agnes Mary, 58 Hall, Mark, 175n1
Collingwood, R. G., 10“11, 17 Hare, R. M., 118, 122, 124, 127
common good, 160“161 Hart, H. L. A., 92n5, 156, 169
contrasted with public interest, 161 Hegel, G. W. F., 24, 29, 34“35, 47, 192“193,
communitarianism, 142, 159 196, 200n8, 200n9

222 Index

Heidegger, Martin, 177, 189 and Christianity, 102, 110, 114, 151n22
history of philosophy, and its relation to and Marxism, 2, 3“6, 8“9n6, 101, 102
philosophy narrative of scholarly work of, 1
Collingwood on, 10“11 Maritain, Jacques, 115
MacIntyre on, 7, 11“37 Marx, Karl, 17, 111; see also Marxism
Marx and Engels on, 17 Marxism, 2“7, 11n12, 79; see also MacIntyre,
Oakeshott on, 17“18 Alasdair, and Marxism
Honor´ , A. M., 92n5
e humanistic, 3“5, 6
Hudelson, Richard, 3 scienti¬c, 3“5, 6
Hume, David, 20, 24, 26, 28, 99, 111n5 McLaurin, Colin, 22
Humeanism, 135 McMylor, Peter, 4
Husserl, Edmund, 115 Mead, G. H., 91
Hutcheson, Francis, 20, 24 Meilaender, Gilbert, 107
metaethics, 117“128
“identi¬cations” Hare™s and MacIntyre™s criticisms of,
as a defective form of argument, 91 122“124
as a kind of social scienti¬c argument, and historical investigation, 121“122,
70“71, 79 126“127
ideology, 2“3, 17, 82 MacIntyre™s criticisms of contemporary,
and tradition, 8n2 120“128
individualism, 14“15, 100, 107, 169“170, in MacIntyre™s master™s thesis, 118“120
181“182, 188 naturalistic, MacIntyre™s criticisms of, 127
institutions prescriptivist, MacIntyre™s criticisms of,
political, 164 122“124, 127“128
and practices, 164 in the twentieth century, 117“118
intelligibility, 41, 78, 86 metaphysical biology, 38, 40, 43, 138
intuitionism, 120, 149n6 modernity, 176
MacIntyre™s critique of, 144“145, 177“
Jacobi, F. H., 176, 177 198
Jung, Carl, 97 Moore, G. E., 95, 117
justice, 43“44, 98, 102“103, 156“158, moral philosophy
166“167 metaethical, see metaethics
modern, MacIntyre™s criticisms of, 96“106
Kant, Immanuel, 185, 186, 190, 192; see also normative, see normative ethics
Kantianism morality, as socially and historically
Kantianism, 5, 135 embedded, 6“7, 11“12, 13“16, 37,
Kautsky, Karl, 3“4 86“87, 133“134
Kenny, Anthony, 71 Morris, Christopher S., 153
Kent, Bonnie, 68n19 Murphy, Mark C., 175n5
Khruschev, Nikolai, 3, 8n3
Kierkegaard, Søren, 136, 150n15 Nagel, Thomas, 150n16, 151n21
Klosko, George, 156, 175n1 narrative unity of a life, as related to virtues,
Knight, Kelvin, 2 41“42, 139
Kolakowski, Leszek, 92n3 natural law, 167“170
Kovesi, Julius, 68n16 and absolute precepts, 167“168
Kuhn, Thomas, 80, 81“82, 87“88, 104, 141 how known, 168
and natural rights, 169“170
Lawrence, C. H., 68“69n21 as procedural, 167
Leo XIII, 58 as substantive, 167“168
L´ vi-Strauss, Claude, 112n6
e natural rights, 39, 169“170
liberalism, 43, 101“102, 114, 159 naturalism, in metaethics, see metaethics,
Lisska, Anthony, 168 naturalistic
Little, Lester K., 68“69n21 Nederman, Cary, 56
Locke, John, 15 Neuhouser, Frederick, 200n10
New Reasoner, 5, 8n4
MacIntyre, Alasdair Nietzsche, Friedrich, 27, 57, 96, 136, 137
After Virtue project of, 1, 7“8 nihilism, 176

normative ethics Rawls, John, 35, 142, 153, 156,
anti-theory in, see anti-theory 175n1
MacIntyre™s Aristotelianism in, 137“141 Raz, Joseph, 153, 169
MacIntyre™s contribution to, 116 reasons explanation of actions, 74“75,
MacIntyre™s nonstandard views in, 81“82, 84“85
130“131 and causal explanation, 71“72, 77, 92n2,
standard categories in, 130 92n5
nostalgia, charge of, against MacIntyre™s Reid, Thomas, 20
work, 177“178, 180“181 relativism, 7, 33“34, 45“46, 84, 98, 103“105,
Nozick, Robert, 112n8, 156 107“108, 198
Nussbaum, Martha, 112n8 religion, philosophy of, MacIntyre™s work in,
Oakeshott, Michael, 17“18, 89 responsibilities, as basis for ˜ought™
Olson, Charles, 110 judgments, 98, 99
˜ought™ judgments, 98“99, 123“128 rights, see natural rights
Rorty, Richard, 105
paradigms, 81“82 Ross, W. D., 95, 117
Pareto, Wilfredo, 73 Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, 191, 200n10
Par¬t, Derek, 129, 151n21
particularity requirement, 158 Sandel, Michael, 159
patriotism, 158, 165“166 Sartre, Jean Paul, 15, 121
perspectivism, 45“46 Schelling, F. W. J., 190
Pippin, Robert, 200n8, 200n10 Schneewind, J. B., 149n1
Polanyi, Michael, 79, 88“89, 178“179, Scottish Enlightenment, 19“27
180 and role of philosophy in social order,
as in¬‚uence on MacIntyre, 178“179 21“22
political justi¬cations, 152“153 Searle, John R., 68n16
politics, 152“175 Simmons, A. John, 153, 158
of local community, 160“165, 170“175 Singer, Peter, 129
and natural law, 167“170 Smith, Adam, 20
as a practice, 162“165 social sciences, 70“91
and shared culture, 165 Southern, R. W., 68“69n21
state, 152 Spruyt, Hendrik, 68“69n21
Popper, Karl, 81, 90 Stair, Viscount, 21, 25“26
practical rationality, 182“183, 184“186, 188 Stalinism, 3“6, 90
practical syllogisms, 74“75 beliefs of, as a closed system,
practices, 29, 90, 98, 161“164, 173“175 79“80
de¬ned, 40“41 state, 3
goods external to, 41, 162 ad hoc cooperation with, 170
goods internal to, 41, 161“162, 173“175 modern, 152“158
and institutions, 164 neutralist, 154“158
and politics, 162“164 nonneutralist, 159“160
as related to virtues, 40“41, 138“139 as potentially justi¬able, 171“172
prescriptivism, 5, 122“128 quasi-state, 171“172
Prichard, Henry, 95, 117, 127 Stein, Edith, 115
proxies, 164 Steiner, Franz, 70, 86“87, 93n6
psychoanalysis, 2, 72“73; see also Freud, Stevenson, Charles, 117, 118, 127, 149n3,
Sigmund 150n8
public interest, 154 Strawson, P. F., 120
account of political authority, 154“155
contrasted with common good, 161 taboo, 8n5, 86“87, 95
Taylor, Charles, 108, 143
quasi-state, 171“172 teleology, 41, 103, 107, 138
Thomism, 34, 51, 57“59
rationality, see also practical rationality Thompson, E. P., 8n4
Enlightenment ideal of, 44 Thomson, Judith, 113n13
traditional ideal of, 44 Toulmin, Stephen, 118
224 Index

tradition, 187“188, 193“194; see also Vico, Giambattista, 54
tradition-grounded inquiry virtue ethics, 40, 130“131
and MacIntyre™s theory of virtue, 39“43, virtues
140 nature of, 40“43, 138“141
tradition-grounded inquiry, 24“25, 27“35, as related to narrative unity of a life,
38“69, 88“91, 189“190, 192 41“42, 139
and Aristotelian science, 51 as related to practices, 40“41, 138“
and authoritative practitioners, 60“66 139
and crafts, 60 as related to tradition, 42, 140
and the encyclopaedic method, 27“28, 57 Voltaire, 19
and the genealogical method, 27“28, 57,
105 Waldron, Jeremy, 153, 156
and incommensurability, 53“55, 56 Weber, Max, 74, 75“78, 92n5, 179“180
and moral rationality, 53“56 as in¬‚uence on MacIntyre, 179“180
and perspectivism, 45“46 MacIntyre™s criticisms of, 75“77, 92n4,
and relativism, 33“34, 45“46 92n5
and scienti¬c reasoning, 88“90 Williams, Bernard, 68n16, 111n4, 143,
and Thomism, 33“34 145
and truth, 46“47, 50 Winch, Peter, 73“74, 79, 82“86, 88
on the idea of a social science, 73“
unconscious 74
Freud™s characterization of the, 72 Wittgenstein, Ludwig, 196
MacIntyre™s characterization of the, 72“73 Wokler, Robert, 12, 19“20, 25


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