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СОДЕРЖАНИЕ

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Делемон, Швецария
человеческий скелет
де Мортийе, 1883
< )лигоцен



33—55
штольня Монтесума,
небиты
Уитни,1ИЙО

Столовая гора,



штат Калифорния


33—55
Столовая гора,
человеческий скелет
Уинслоу,1873

штат Калифорния


26—54
Барак Мишель,
палеолиты
Рюто, 1907

Бельгия


26—54
Бэ Боннэ, Бельгия
палеолиты
Рюто, 1907
26—30
Бонсель, Бельгия
палеолиты
Рюто, 1907
Верхний миоцен



20—25
Тенд, Франция
палеолиты
Буржуа, 1867
Средний миоцен



12—25
Формация
палеолиты, следы
Ф.Амегино, 1912

Санта-Круе,
огня, надрезанные,


Аргентина
разрубленные,и



обугленные кости

12—19
Бийи, Франция
надрезанная кос-ть
•Лосседа,1863
12—19
Сансан. Франция
раздробленные кости
Гарригу, 1871
12—19
Пуанее, Франция
надрезанная кость
Буржуа. 1867
12—19
Клермон, Франция
надрезанная кость
Поме.ль и де Морт



1Н76
Верхний миоцен



9—55
Столовая гора,
коллекция ракушек.
Уитни,1880

штат Калифорния
н еолиты,



совершенные



палеолиты,



человеческая челюсть

9—55
шахта Валентайн,
неолит, фрагмент
Уитни,1880

Столовая гора,
человеческого черепа


штат Калифорния


9—55
шахта компании
неолит
Уитни,1880

Станислаус



Столовая гора,



штат Калифорния


9—55
штольня Сонора,
каменные бусы
Уитни,1Я80

Столовая гора.



штат Калифорния


9—55
Столовая гора,
неолит (пестик.
Беккер,1891

штат Калифорния
ступки)

9—10
Хариталиангар,
эолит
Прасад.1982

Индия


>8,7
округ Плейсер,
человеческие кости
Уитни,1880

штат Калифорния


7—9
Орильяк, Франция
палеолиты
Фернорн,1905


Период или возраст(млн.лет)
Место обнаружения
Категория
Источник
5—25
Миди-де-франс,
человеческий скелет
де Мортийе, 1883

Франция


5—25
долина реки Тежу,
палеолиты
Рибейро, 1872

Португалия


5—25
Дарданеллы, Турция
резьба по кости,
Кальверт, 1874


раздробленные кости



осколки кремня

5—12
Йенанг-Яунг, Бирма
палеолиты
Нетлинг, 1894
5—12
Пикерми,Греция
раздробленные кости
фон Дюкер, 1872
5—12
Между реченская
палеолиты, следы
Ф.Амегино, 1912

формация, Аргентина
огня, надрезанные,



раздробленные,



заостренные,



обугленные кости

>5
шахта Маршалл,
неолиты
Уитни,1880

Сан-Андреас,



штат Калифорния


>5
шахта Смилоу,
неолиты
Уитни,1880

Сан-Андреас,

'

штат Калифорния


>5
Болд-Хилл,
человеческий череп
Уитни,1880

штат Калифорния
(фальсификация?)

>5
Клэй-Хилл,
частично
Уитни,1880

штат Калифорния
сохранившийся



человеческий скелет



(современный?)

Плиоцен



4—7
Антверпен, Бельгия
разрубленные
Фройденберг, 1919


раковины,палеолиты



надрезанные кости,



следы пальцев



человеческой ноги,

4—4,5
Канапои, Кения
человеческое
Паттерсон и Хауэлс,


предплечие
1967
3,6—3,8
Лаэтоли, Кения
следы человеческой
М.Лики, 1979


ноги

3—5
Монто-Эрмосо,
палеолит, следы
Ф.Амегино, 1888

Аргентина
кострищ, выгоревши»



шлак, обугленные



кости и земля,



человеческий



позвоночный столб



Период или возраст (млн. лет)
Место обнаружения
Категория
Источник
3—4
Каетенедоло, Италия
частично



сохранившийся
Рагаццони,1880


человеческий скелет.
Рагаццони,1880


фрагменты
Рагаццони,1880


человеческих



скелетов (3),



человеческий скелет

3—4
Савона, Италия
человеческий скелет
Исеель,1867
2,5—55
подскальные
костянные орудия
Мойр, 1917

органические
труда, распиленная
Мойр,1935

отложения, Англия
кость, эолиты, неолит
Мойр,1929
2,2—3
Стеркфонтейн,
человеческая
Тардье, 1981

Южная Африка
бедренная кость,

2—4
Кентское плато,
эолиты, палеолиты
Прествич,1889

Англия


2—4
Розар, Бельгия
палеолиты
Рюто, 1907
2—3
Хариталиангар,
эолиты
Санкхьян,1981

Индия


2—3
Сан-Валентине,
просверленная кость
Феретти,1876

Италия


2—3
Монте-Аперто,
надрезанные кости,
Капеллини, 1876

Италия
кремневые лезвия

2—3
Акватраверса, Италия
палеолит
Понци,1871
2—3
Яникуле, Италия
палеолит
Понци,1871
2—3
Маримар, Аргентина
следы кострищ,
Грдличка,1912


выгоревший шлак,



обугленная земля

2—3
Маримар, Аргентмна
палеолиты, неолиты
Рот и др., 1915



САмегино, 1914,



Боман,1921
2—3
Маримар, Аргентина
человеческая челюсть
Боман,192)
2,5
Хадар, Эфиопия
эолиты
Йоханеон и Эдей,


(приписываются



Homo habilis)

2—2,5
Сан-Джованни,
надрезанные кости
Раморино, 1865

Италия


2—2,5
Красная скала,
просверленные
Чарльзоурс,1873

Англия
акульи зубы

2—2,5
Красная скала,
раковина покрытая
Стоупс,1881

Англия
резьбой



Период или возраст (млн. лет)
Место обнаружения
Категория
Источник
2—2,5
Фокгхолл, Англия
палеолиты.
Мойр,1927


следы огня.
Коллиер,1867


человеческая челюсть

2
дситина Соан,
эолиты
Банни,1987

Пакистан


2
Пампа. штат Айдахо
глинянная статуятка
Райт,1912
Верхний плейстоцен



1,В
Диринг-Юрлах.
долиты
Данилов и Копф, 1986

СиПирь


1,8
Сихудю, Китай
палеолиты,
Цая Ланьпо, 1 980


разрубленные и



обуглившиеся кости

1,7-2
Олдуван, Танзания
эолиты, палеолиты.
М.Лики, 1971


охотничье
Л. Лики, 1960


метательное оружие.



костянное орудие (для



обработки кожи).



каменный круг



(основание навеса)

1,7—2
Канам.Кения
человеческая
Л. Лики, 1960


челюсть, эолиты

1,7
Юаньмоу, Китай
палеолиты
Цня Ланьпо, 1980
1.5—2,5
Улалинка. Сибирь
эолиты
Окладинов и Рагозин;



1984
1.5—1.И
КооГш-фора, Кения
человеческая
By д. 197 4


таранная кость

1,5
Гомборе, Эфиопия
человеческое
Г.инат, 1981


предплечье,золиты

1,2-.3,5
Дьюлиш, Англия
ров в известняке
Фишер. 1012
1,2 1,5
Вальд'Арно
надрезанные кости
де Мортийе, 1883
1,2-2
Сен-Прд; Франция
надрезанные кости.
Денуайе,1863


ЛОЛИТЫ
де Мортийе, 1883
1,15
Олдувай.Танзания
человеческий скелет
Рек,1914 а,б
1—2.5
Монте-Эрмосо,
:юлиты
Грдличка,1912

Аргентина


1-1.9
Тринил,Ява
человеческий зуб
Мак-Керди,1924 •
1—1.8
Кромдраай,
человеческая
Цукерман,1954

Южная Африка
•локтевая кость.
Мак Генри, 1973


человеческое



предплечие

1 - 1,5
Вуэног-Айрес,
человеческий череп
Ф.Амегино, 1909

Аргентина




Период или возраст (млн.лет)
Место обнаружения
Категория
Источник
Средний плейстоцен



0,83
Тринил. Ява
человеческие
Дэй и Моллееон. 1973


бедренные кости

О.КЗ
Тринил. Ява
разрубленные кости,
KllT, 1911


древесный уголь,



следы кострищ

0,4—1,75
отложения в лесу,
костяные
Мойр,1927

Кроме}:). Англия
инструменты,
Мойр,1924


надрезанная кость.



пиленная древесина



палеолиты

0,4—0,7
Канджера. Кения
фрагменты
Л. Лики, 1963


человеческого черепа,



палеолиты

0,4
Олдувай, Танзания
совершенные
Л. Лики, 1933


палеолиты



(современного



человеческого типа)

0,33—0,6
Япсвич, Англия
человеческий скелет
Кит,1928
0,33
Гелли-Хилл, Англия
человеческий скелет
Ньютон, 1895


(захоронение?),



палеолиты

0.33
Мулен-Киньон,
человеческая челюсть
Кит,1928

Франция
и палеолиты



(фальсификация?)

0,33
Клиши, Франция
частично
Вертран,1868


сохранившийся



человеческий скелет



(фальсификация?)

0,3—0,4
Терра-Амата,
навесы, следы
де Люмлэ, 1969

Франция
кострищ, костянные



инструменты,



палеолиты, отпечатки



человеческих следов

0,25—0,45
Вертесжолос, Венгрия
фрагменты
Пилоим, 1972


человеческого черепа

0,25
Уэйатлако, Мексика
совершенные
Стин-Макинтайр,


палеолиты
1981
0,25
пещера Сандиа,
совершенные


штат Нью-М&ксико
палеолиты
Smithsomuri Mitff



Coil.. т. 99, №23
0,2—0.4
Лоун-Ридж,
металлическая
Дюбуа,1871

штат Иллинойс
монета (древнейшая



из известных монет



датируется 1000



годом до н.э.)



Период или возраст (млн.лет)
Место обнаружения
Категория
Источник
0,1—1
ТунцзЫ, Китай


0,1—1
Люнцзян, Китай
частично сохранившийся человеческий скелет
ХаньиСю, 1985
0,1
Трентон, штат Нью-Джерси
человеческая бедренная кость, фрагменты
фольк, 1911


человеческого черепа

Верхний плейстоцен 0,08—0,125
Пилтдауи, Англия
человеческий череп
Доусон и Вудворт, 1913
0,03—2
Ля-Дейиз, Англия
фрагменты человеческого черепа
де Мортийе, 1883

Перечисленные ниже находки, датируемые плейстоце­ном, могут считаться аномальными лишь для Северной и Юж­ной Америки. По мнению подавляющего большинства ученых, первые люди появились в Северной Америке не ранее 12 000 (0,012 миллиона) лет назад. Знак вопроса указывает на то, что последующее применение радиоактивно-углеродистого мето­да позволило уточнить их возраст, оказавшийся менее 10 000
лет.

ЧАСТЬ II
Обзор аномальных свидетельств о существовании человека в глубокой древности
(Только по Северной и Южной Америке)
Период или возраст (млн. лет)
Место обнаружения
Категория
Источник
Средний плейстоцен



0,3—0,75
пустыня Ансо-
надрезанные кости
Грэхэм,1988

Боррего,



штат Калифорния


0,28—0,35
Эль-Орни,
палеолиты
Стин-Макинтайр,

Мексика

19Я1
0,2—0.5
Кали ко,
долиты
Симпсон, 1986

штат Калифорния


0,2—0,3
Тока -да -Эсперанса,
эолиты
де Люмлэ и др., 198

Бразилия


0,12—0,19
река БлаксФорк,
палеолиты
Рено,1940

штат Вайоминг


Верхний плейстоцен



0,08—0,09
Тексас-Стрит,
аолиты
Картер,1957

Сан-Диего,



штат Калифорния


0,08
река Олд Кроу,
надрезанные кости
Морлан,1986

Канада


0.07
Тимлин.
палеолиты
Ремиш, 1977

штат Нью-Йорк


0,06—0,12
Шегайанда, Канада
палеолиты
Т. Ли, 1972
>0,05
округ Уайтсайд,
медное кольцо
В.Дюбуа, 1В72

штат Иллинойс


>0,04
остров Санта-Барбара,
кострище, эолиты,
Science News, 1977

штат Калифорния
кости



млекопитающих

0,04
Луис-вилл,
палеолит
Александер,1978

штат Техас


0,03
Эль-Седраль,
следы кострищ, кости
Лоренсо, 1986

Мексика
млекопитающих

0,03
Бокейрау-ду-Ситиу-
следы кострищ,
Гуидон и Делибриа.

да-Педра-Фурада,
эолиты, наскальные
1986

Бразилия
рисунки



Библиография
Aigner, J. S. (1978) Pleistocene faunal and cultural stations in south China. In Ikawa-Smith, F., ed. Early Paleolithic in South and East Asia. The Hague, Mouton.pp. 129-162. Aigner, J. S. (1981) Archaeological Remains in Pleistocene China. Munich,
С. Н. Beck.
Aigner, J. S., and Laughton, W. S. (1973) The dating of Lantian man and his significance for analyzing trends in human evolution. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 39{1): 97-110.
Alexander, Н. L. (1978) The legalistic approach to early man studies. In Bryan, A. L., ed. Early Man in America from a Circum-Pacific Perspective. Edmonton, Archaeological Researches International, pp. 20-22. Alsoszatai-Petheo, J. (1986) An alternative paradigm for the study of early man in the New World. In Bryan, A. L., ed. New Evidence for the Pleistocene Peopling of the Americas. Orono, Maine, Center for the Study of Early Man, pp. 15-26. Ameghino, C. (1915) El femur de Miramar, Anales delMuseo nacionalde historia
natural de Buenos Aires. 26: 433-450. (*)
Ameghino. F. (1908) Notas preliminares sobre el Tetraprothomo argentinus. un precursor del hombre del mioceno superior de Monte Hennoso. Anales del Museo nacional de historia natural de Buenos Aires, 16: 105-242. (*) Ameghino, F. (1909) Le Diprothomo platensis, un precurseur de 1'homme du pliocene inferieur de Buenos Aires. Anales del Museo nacional de historia natural de Buenos Aires, 19: 107-209. (*)
Ameghino, F. (1910a) Vestigios industriales en el eoceno superior de Patagonia. Report to Congreso cientifico internacional americano, Buenos Aires, July 10-25, 1910, 8 pp.
Ameghino, F. (191 Ob) Vestigios industriales en la formation entrerriana (oligoceno superior б mioceno elmds inferior). Report to Congreso cientifico internacional americano, Buenos Aires, July 10-25, 1910, 8 pp. Ameghino, F. (1911) Enumeration chronologique et critique des notices sur les terres cuites et les scories anthropiques des terrains sedimentaires neogenes de 1'Argentine panics jusqu'a la fin de 1'annee 1907. Anales del Museo nacional de historia natural de Buenos Aires, 20: 39-80. (*) Ameghino, F. (1912) L'age des formations sedimentaires tertiaires de 1'Argentine en relation avec 1'antiquite de 1'homme. Anales del Museo nacional de historia natural de Buenos Aires, 22: 45-75. (*)
Anderson, E. (1984) Who's who in the Pleistocene: a mammalian bestiary. In Martin, P. S., and Klein, R. G., eds. Quaternary Extinctions. Tucson, Univer­sity of Arizona Press, pp. 40-90. Ayres, W. 0. (1882) The ancient man of Calaveras. American Naturalist,

Aigner, J. S. (1978) Pleistocene faunal and cultural stations in south China. In
Ikawa-Smith, F., ed. Early Paleolithic in South and East Asia. The Hague, Mouton, pp. 129-162. Aigner, J. S. (1981) Archaeological Remains in Pleistocene China. Munich,
С. Н. Beck. Aigner, J. S., and Laughton, W. S. (1973) The dating of Lantian man and his
significance for analyzing trends in human evolution. American Journal of
Physical Anthropology, 39(1): 97-110. Alexander, Н. L. (1978) The legalistic approach to early man studies. In Bryan,
A. L., ed. Early Man in America from a Circum-Pacific Perspective.
Edmonton, Archaeological Researches International, pp. 20-22. Alsoszatai-Petheo, J. (1986)An alternative paradigm for the study of early man in
the New World. In Bryan, A. L., ed. New Evidence for the Pleistocene
Peopling of the Americas. Orono, Maine, Center for the Study of Early Man,
pp. 15-26. Ameghino, C. (1915) El femur de Miramar, Anales del Museo nacional de historia
natural de Buenos Aires, 26: 433-450. (*) Ameghino, F. (1908) Notas preliminares sobre el Tetraprothomo argentinus, un
precursor del hombre del mioceno superior de Monte Hennoso. Anales del
Museo nacional de historia natural de Buenos Aires. 16: 105-242. (*) Ameghino, F. (1909) Le Diprothomo platensis, un precurseur de 1'homme du
pliocene inferieur de Buenos Aires. Anales del Museo nacional de historia
natural de Buenos Aires, 19: 107-209. (*) Ameghino, F. (1910a) Vestigios industriales en el eoceno superior de Patagonia.
Report to Congreso cientifico internacional americano, Buenos Aires,
July 10-25, 1910,8pp. Ameghino, F. (1910b) Vestigios industriales en la formation entrerriana
(oligoceno superior б mioceno el mds inferior). Report to Congreso cientifico
internacional americano, Buenos Aires, July 10-25, 1910, 8 pp. Ameghino, F. (1911) Enumeration chronologique et critique des notices sur les
terres cuites et les scories anthropiques des terrains sedimentaires neogenes
de 1'Argentine parues jusqu'a la fin de 1'annee 1907. Anales del Museo
nacional de historia natural de Buenos Aires, 20: 39-80. (*) Ameghino, R (1912) L'age des formations sedimentaires tertiaires de 1'Argentine
en relation avec 1'antiquite de 1'homme. Anales del Museo nacional de
historia natural de Buenos Aires, 22: 45-75. (*) Anderson, E. (1984) Who's who in the Pleistocene: a mammalian bestiary. In
Martin, P. S., and Klein, R. G., eds. Quaternary Extinctions. Tucson, Univer­sity of Arizona Press, pp. 40-90. Ayres, W. 0. (1882) The ancient man of Calaveras. American Naturalist,

Boswell, P. G. H. (1932) The Oldoway human skeleton. Nature, 130: 237-238. Boswell, P. G. H. (1935) Human remains from Kanam and Kanjera, Kenya
Colony. Nature, 135: 371. Boule, M. (1923) Fossil Men: Elements of Human Paleontology. Edinburgh,
Oliver and Boyd.
Boule, M. (1937) Le Sinanthrope. L'Anthropologie, 47: 1-22. Boule, M., and Vallois, H. V. (1957) Fossil Men. London, Thames and Hudson. Bourgeois, L. (1872) Sur les silex consideres comme portant les marques d'un
travail humain et decouverls dans le terrain miocene de Thenay. Congres
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